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Full text of "The natural history of the rarer lepidopterous insects of Georgia ?including their systematic characters, the particulars of their several metamorphoses, and the plants on which they feed. Collected from the observation of Mr. John Abbot, many years resident in that country /by James Edward Smith."

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HISTOIRE NATUREI-LE 



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LEPIDOPTERES 



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G E C) K G I E. 



GOKTWAffT 

LEURS CARACTERES SISTfeMATIQDES, 

LBS PARTICULARITY DB LEORS DIFFfiRENTES METAMORPHOSES, 

AYEG LES PLANTES QUI LBUR SERVENT D'ALIMENT. 



comfoi/p h-ahi'* 

Z.ES OBSERVATIONS DE M JEJjV ABBOT, 



ru 

JACQUES EDOUARD SMITH, D.M. M.S.K. 

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TOME PREMIER, 



A i.oxmttiS* 

roil* J. IDWARDIf PALL MALL: CADELL fcT DAVir^, *TBa«\D; 
ftTV-\VI||ir t rtKBTSTRKT, 



WfiVCUMI. 



THE 



NAT!' HAL HISTORY 



vr tin: hakkr 



LEP.I DOPTEKOUS INSECTS 



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GEORGIA. 



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I tf CUD I SO 

THEIR SYSTEMATIC CHARACTERS. 
Tin: PARTICULARS OF THEIR SEVERAL METAMORPHOSES, 

AND Till: PLANTS OS WHICH THEY FEED. 

COLLKcrrn riou 

THE OBSEBFUTIOJfS OF M' JOHJV ABBOT, 

HAW YKAtft JlKUDfcpT tp THAT CQUNTftT* 






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JAMES EDWARD SMIT H, M. D. F. R. S. 



Aic n»V It* pkafmr *rU dd 



i^nitLl' 



VOL. L 



LOK DON. 

fob j, KDWABPfj FALL mall; c a dull axd dayibs, stiasd; 
a>d J. wiiitt., fleet *r»rrr. 

IIDOCXCVIt. 

rt r I 



. . 4 



TO 



MISS JOHNES, 

OK HAFOIJ. 



MT M-IH YOVXG FMIEKD, 

The tribute if a dedication, at least tf an honest dedication, U 
usually paid to established worth or pre-eminent knout/edge; 
yet, as it is a ho sometimes permitted to breathe the effusions of 
affection alone, it may surety be attotued to combine those effu- 
sions with hope. When you look over this book, it wilt remind 
you of many hours we have pafsed together, in the practical 
investigation of simitar object** to those 'which it illustrates, 
amid some of the noblest scenes of 3$aturc\ hours equally de- 
lightful to you ami to me. To you they unfolded the exquisite 
perfection and endtefs variety of the creation; to me tliey dis- 
played a youthful mind, affected and improved by the contem- 
plation of dttch objects as the God of Mature intended it should 
be* May that mind never be lesj ingenuous, lefs ardent in 
the pursuit of truth and virtue, nor lefs affectionate to all who 
endeavoured to inform and direct it* titan I then beheld it! Such 
ia the sincere, the ardent prayer of 

My dear young friend. 

Your most affectionate, 

*dud faithful servant. 






./. E. .SMITH. 



MADEMOISELLE JOHNES, 

OR IIAFOD. 



3tA CUF.RZ ET JLVSn AWE. 

Use didicacc, At tonltfo'ts cc viol est firh dans une acceptiojt 
rigourcuAC, caI commandment un trihu rendu it un merite reeffinu 
el a de pmfimdej c&nnoissanceA; vdanmoins comme il Ut attest 
duAage dadreAser unc cpltre dedicatoirc it dt4 perAonncA qui 
nous *ont Acutemcnt unieA par tes liens dc famitie, il sera it 
plus forte rahon pennis ilenfaire hommage it ramitidjointe it 
IcAperance que font nattre tthatreuACA dispositions. Quand 
vans jeltcre% Ica yeux sur cet outrage, il vous rappellera deA 
moment* que nou* avoitA pasAdA ensemble, moment* dgaloncnl 
dc/ideux pour voua et pour mot: tes ohjetA qui y soul Iraitds 
sonl cca mime* objets que nou* recherchimtA ai conjtamment. 
au milieu des AcincA les plus noble** de la .Nature. Vons, voua 
eticz a/or* toute enliere it observer ta perfection iitfinie el la 
fecwtdc divcrAtld de la cr&tiion; el mot* je remarquois, dans 
uji Aire encore tendre, un esprit vivanent frappd et dt'jit ag- 
randi par la contemplation de ces objetA, remp/issanl en cela 
Us VUC4 de l*Autcur dc ta .Nature. Puisne cct esprit n dire pa* 
main* ingdnu quit ne Cetoit dans ce lemps-lii\ puisje-t-il ndtrc 
ni moittA ardent it marcher dans tcs Jenifers de la vttrite et de 
la verlu, ni mains attache it ton* ceux qui chercherent a te 
pcffectionner et a te diriger! Tels Mitt les vamx sincires et ar- 
denls que forme, 

Ma chire eljeum amie, 
Poire tres ajfcctivmie ctjidcUc Acrvileur, 

/, £. SMITIL 



10 U4, 1^. 



P R E F A C K 



OF 



THE EDITOR. 



In the rapid advancer mcnt which the fciencc of Natural Milton* lias 
experienced within a few years, the fvftcmatic iludv of Infects has 
received an ample (bare of cultivation. BotanilU the inofl expert in 
the principles of fcientific arrangement, haTC turned ihofe principles to 
advantage in the other departments of Nature; for while the compre- 
henfive and penetrating mind of Linnscus conceived and digefted the 
plan of his Plnfofophia Ifotamca* his labours tended to no lefs than 
the methodizing of all natural knowledge. The principles of that 
immortal work appear throughout his zoological labours; and they 
have been particularly applied to the Infect tribe by his pupil, the 
celebrated Fabricius, whofe Phikpphia Etitemzhgiai has formed a 
new epoch in the fciencc it i» calculated to teach. While he mar- 
Hulled his new-foimd Iquadrons under the banners of his great pre- 
ceptor, the riches of Nature flowed in on every fide upon the fchotor, 
as they had formerly dotie u|xm the master, leaning to have been in 
each inllance rcicned for a favourite oblcrver* 



Hut although the fyftcmatic arrangement of hileifts has of late been 

prodigioully advanced, the philnlbplrical flndy of their economy docs 

not appear to have been equally cultivated. The fplendid works of 

Clerck, Cramer, and Olivier, and the more exquilitc one of Drurv, do 

indeed difplav tlio complete infect in a degree of perfection (hat leaves 

b 






fcarccly any thing to be dclircd; but where arc the metarawphofes 
through which thefc finUhed forms have piled? and where arc their 
various habitations, foods, and manners? Some EuroiKcan mollis 
and butterflies alone are exhibited through all their changes, and with 
fome of their varieties, by Harris, Wilkes. BTpCT, Em ft. the admirable 
Rocfd, and the inimitable Scp]>; but who lince the celebrated, though 
not very accurate, Merian, lias laborioufly fcrulinized thole of the 
mote regions of India or Amcricar 



re- 






Tin: materials of the following work have been collected on the 
Ijxrt bv a faithful obfervcr, Mr. John Abbot, many years resident in 
Georgia* who, after having prcvioufly fludicd the metamorpliofcs of 
Kngiilh infects, purfucd his enquiries among thofe of Georgia and 
the neighbouring jKirts of North America. The rcfult of his obferva- 
tions be has delineated in a ftyle of beauty and accuracy which can 
fcarccly be excelled, ami has accompanied his figures with an account, 
as well as a reprcfcntauon, of the plants on which each infcA chiefly 
feeds* together with many circumrtancea of its manners, times of the 
different meiamoq>hofcs, and other intercfiing particulars, For all 
tinh fails recorded in thele pages the ]wblic are entirely obliged to 
Mr. Abbot His memorandums, not methodized by himfelf for pub- 
lication, have merely liecn digefted into feme fort of ftyle and order 
by the editor, who lias generally added remarks of his own, in a 
feparate paragraph and different type from the reft; and who has en- 
tirely lo anfwer for the fyftcmatic names and definitions; that depart- 
ment having been left altogether unattempted by Mr. Abbot. 






The execution of this part of the work has not been without its 
difficulties* The fpecies of Irfit/oftUra, as difplaycd in the laft edi- 
tion of Fabricius, an: fo immenfely numerous, tlwt it requires no flhiall 
Itudy and obfervatiou to acquire a competent knowledge of them, lo 
as to be certain whether any (^articular infect that may come Ixrforc 
us be among them or not. This difficulty has been overcome in a 



■ ■ * 

111 



great mcafurc by the accefs which has obligingly been allowed the 
editor to the cabinets of the Rritilh Mufcuni, Sir Jofcph Banks, (he 
late Dr. Hunter, now Dr. Haillies, and the late Mr. Lee's of Ham- 
mcrfmith, in one or other of which almoll all the new (pccic* of 
Fabric! us are to Ik* found named bv himfelf; while, as to the Linnxan 
fpecu s, Hie original collection of Luukcus has afforded the ful Ml and 
moil certain information. Mod of even the new infects figured in 
this work may be found in one or other of the above cabinets; and 
all of them in the exquifite collection of Mr. Francillon, tranfmittcd 
by Mr. Abbot himfelf In the genus of Pitpi/h the editor has derived 
great alliftancc from his accurate and liberal friend, Mr. Jones, of 
Chcllca, whole knowledge of that tribe is perhaps unequalled, and 
whole drawings are themfclvcs the original authority for many of 
Profcflor Fabriciuss recently puhliflicd Papi/fattcs* which were actually 
defcribed from thence alone. 

Wherever anv of the infects in this work could be detected 111 the 
works of Fabrictus, and it is IiojxxI there are fc\\\ il anv, ol his among 
them that have not been found out, his trivial names I wive been feru- 
puloully retained, except when, as it will be found, weighty rcafons 
required a change. In many cafes the terminations of his names have 
neccflarily been altered, to prevent their elalhing with thole peculiar 
terminations, which Linnaeus judicioully appropriated to ]x*culiar sec* 
dons of P/utlantF. '1 bus the imperial** o( Fabrictus has been changed 
to imftratoria* regalu to regfo* becaufc names ending in a/is belong 
only to the P&abe&B Pyralts* The fpecitie characters however have 
not lx:en blindly adopted from either Fabrieius, or Linnams himfelf, 
but have all been modelled from as wide a contemplation as could l>c 
obtained of Ipccies naturally akin; hence they will Ik* found often 
more full, and perhaps more exact, than thole of Linn;eus, who knew 
comparatively few LrpuhpUra^ or thofe of Fabrieius, who was not 
rarticulnrlv acquainted with their melamorplrofes, knowing them 
chiefly in cabinets* and therefore wanting the great clue to a natural 






IV 



arrangement Accordingly he fcems by his preface to thia tribe, not 

to be fanguiuc about his fuccefs in it His lalxnirs in it however do 
him great honour; and although WC do not adopt hi* genera and fub- 
divifions, we admin: his acutcnefs in characterizing (pedes. It is only 
to be regretted tliat this illufirious writer could not have had before 
him at one view*, all the fpecics lie had previoufly defcribed of each 
genus, that he might, as much as j>ortiblc, have placed together fuch 
as were naturally related; for in this his laft publication is pcrhn|>s 
more defective than in any other rcfpcc>. 



In naming the new fpecies of the prefent [Riblication, attention has 
been paid to well cfiahlilhcd rules, and every thing confulered tliat 
could aflifl the memory, or give any information. The editor flatters 
himfclf the pains he has taken in this deportment will not l>c thought 
ufelefs. In (hewing what is to be done by a little confideration and 
accuracy, he may perhaps have afforded a frcflt example dial this prt 
of the fcicncc may conduce to real knowledge, and that the memory 
and the judgment may aflifi each other* To fame his lalxmrs will 
appear trilling and fmitlcfs. There have l»een naturalifls who, if thev 
could hut a<1d names to the licri) Iuml>cr of their memories, cared 
little about the philofophy of things* Thefe have juftly thrown a dil- 
graee on the ftudy they purlued, and have a I moil juflified the paradox 
for which others have contended, that names which meant nothing 
were the bell. But furely, if it be at all ufeful to know one natural 
object from another, the memory cannot have too many helps, in fo 
vaft a fcicncc as natural hifiory is now* become. 



The figures in this work are intended to give as full a representa- 
tion of every f|>ecies as is neceflary to diftinguifli them. The com- 
plete infcift, of both fcxes when then! Is any difference between them, 
along with the chryfalis and caterpillar from whence it fprung, accom- 
pany the plant upon which each fpceies depends for its fole, or prin- 
cipal, nourishment Of the Papilhncs, or Butterflies, both upper and 



under fides arc frequently given; there being in many cafes a grail 
difference between Ihofe different puts. But as the under fides of 
Paateme t or Mollis. I>rar a mucli greater refcmblance to the upper* 

being generally of a paler hue only, Ionic flight account of fuch dif- 
ferences renders a delineation unncceffary. In thefe however the 
two fvxr* often differ remarkably, even more than fome other dif- 
timft fpecics, and hence they occafionally rrrquirc to he feparalely 
exhibited. 

North America* according to Mr. Abbot's obfervations, produces 
a number of curious fpecics of infecfe, very different from thofe uf 
England, mofl of them dif|>crfed through the whole country. Of 
ihefe il appears to |>oflcfs fome in common with South America and 
the Weft Indies; while others an; more local. Some fpecics agree 
with Englifli ones, as a few of the Lackey, Tuflbck, and Argus tribes. 
Several caterpillars, quite different from any found in England, pro- 
duce moths very like fome of our own, as the Dagger and Grey 
Moths; while, on the other hand, caterpillars rdembttng Englifb 
ones turn to infect* totally diliiiifl from ours, as in the genus Sphinx 
and fome Phal<cna. 

Georgia affords almofi every Virginian fpecics, along with many 
others; yet in the autumn caterpillars arc much more abundant in 
Virginia than in Georgia. In the lafi-nicntioncd country it is not 
found worth while to dig for infccls in the chryfalis fiatc. a. means by 
which fo many curious kinds arc obtained in Europe; for Georgia is 
a very woody country, and infects arc but thinly fcattercd over it. 

In the funimcr many butterflies frequent wet or dump places, in 
court yards, about houfes, and at the fords of rivulets, taking delight 
in fucking mniftiirc from the ground. 



There arc not many moths to be caught in an evening. Several 



VI 

(peats of Sphhtx indeed arc met whh at that time on gourd blof- 
foms; and various kinds of moths occafionally fly into the houfes 
towards the candle, or may Ije caught by torch light upon the blof- 
Corns of fruit-trees, but Ids plentifully than in England. 

Many American caterpillars fling like a nettle, railing little white 
bliflcrs in the llciri, efpccially when accidentally or (lightly touched; 
hence they are in general held in great abhorrence* Mr. Abbot how- 
ever obferves, that he never yet found any caterpillar that it was 
really dangerous to handle; and he has often permitted the moft 
flinging kinds to fall upon his hand, or into his liofoni, to the great 
admiration of the negroes as well as of the white inhabitants. 

The worms of the Scarti&Bi referable that of the Englifli Cock 
Clufcr, and all live in the earth. Their bodies arc generally white, 
with black or brown heads, the different fjxreies differing chiefly in 
iizc. The larva of the Ccramfyx genus, and thofc of the Lepturx^ 
all nearly agree in lhapc and colour They live in trunks of trees, 
often immediately under the bark. Iloth the larva and pupa* how- 
ever, of Ccrambyx coriarius f refemblc thofc of Scaralhtt* The Coc* 
ehitlla; and Chryjhmelx in their early ftatcs arc much like thofc of 
Europe. 



Mr. Abl>ot defcribes as veiy curious the caterpillar of the fmall 
lantern fly, Vound in rotten wood; but he has not mentioned the 
fyftcmalic name of the perfect infcA. Tins larva is about an inch 
and lialf long, fliining throughout its whole body like phofphoric 
touch-wood, or the light of the moon. It is rarely met with; but 
the fly, though not very frequent in the day, is in feme warm nights 
fo plentiful, tliat the woods appear full of (Jxirks of fire. Its light is 
emitted by a dilatation or elongation of the abdomen, the Alining 
matter being lodged in the two laft rings; fo that, when thofc rings 
are contracted, the jnfc& is no longer luminous. 



VII 

The worms of the dragon-fly genus arc, both in fltapc and colour, 
like the Englifli ones* Mod of the different fpectes Mr. Abbot ob- 
ferved to undergo their transformations throughout the wliolc fum- 
mcr. 

The following work however contains only what relates to fome 
of the more rare and curious Ltptdzptera. Mr. Abbot's accurate 
illufirations of thofc muft render his farther remarks ujxm in fir As 
extremely definable. 



.). K. SMITH. 



PREFACE 



PE 



L'EDITEUB. 



Atf milieu tic* progrcs rapides <[uc fait depuis plulicurs annccs la lei- 
cnci: dc riiiftoirc Naturelk\ I etude fyficmatique des Iiifeclcs a etc 
cullivee avee un (bin particulicr. Les botaniftcs les plus verfes dans 
les principes des arrangements Icicntiliqucs, ont transfcrc avecavan- 
tagc CCS princi|ies dans les autrcs domaincs dc la Nature; car tandis que 
le genic ctciidu ct penetrant tie Liimaois conccvoil ct fonnoit Ic plan 
dc fa Phihfophta Ifotamea^ fes travaux DC tendoient i\ rien nioins qu a 
rrndrc methodiquc tonic efpecc de counoitfhncc naturcllc. On ap- 
pcrcoit dans tout le cours dc les travaux zoologiqucs les principes dc 
cct ouvragc immortel, qui onl etc part iculicre men t appliques a la 
tribu des Infccles jsir le celcbrc Fabricius Ion difciple. dont la P/iiftr 
fhhhiu Untotmhgtca a fait epoquc dans la Iciencc quVlle ell deftiuee a 
enfeigncr. Tandis qti'il rang<roit left nouvclles phalanges fous les ban- 
meres dc Ton grand maitrc* les richefles dc la Nature venoicnt de tons 
cotes le placer fous la main dudifciplc* eoimnc autrefois fous cellc du 
maitri't paroiJlunt dans run ct (autre cas avoir etc exclulivcmciH le 
]>artage d'un oblcrvatcur cheri. 



Mais quoiquc lordrc fyficmatique des infe^tes fe foit dans ees dcr- 
nicrs temps prodigieufement pcrfcclionne, letudc pliilofophiquc de 
leur economic ne [wroit pas avoir avancc dans unc egale pro|H>rtion. 
Ixrs fuperbes ouvniges de Clerck, dc Cramer ct d'Olivier, ct Ic plus 
|Kirfait delous, ccluideDrury, nousoftrent, il efl vrai. rinfecle eomplet 



dans an cunt dc pcrfe&ion qui biflc A ]* i»<' qudquc cbofc i definri 
maisoti font lcs mctamorphofcs [xir lefqudla ont pftfE W fonwi 
finies? ct oti font leurs dififrcota habitation*, l<; » r aliment ct l( 
mceurs? qtielqucs phalcnes ct quclqucs papillons d*Europe feukmcnl 
ont etc prcfentcs an public, avee tous leur. ch&ngctntntt Ct quclqucs- 
uncs dc leurs varictcs, |>ar Harris. Wilkes, Efpcr, Emit, I'adminibte 
Rocfcl cl rinimitablc Scppj DMUS, depuis In erlrbrr Mrrian qui n a pU 
etc trcs cxacte, quel eft cclui qui a conftamiuent ct attcntivement 
obfervc ceux deft regions cloignccs de 1'Indc on dc rArnrrique? 









Lcs matcriaux de vet ouvni^e ont ete rccueillis itir le liru memc 
pr un obfervateur exact, M.Jean Abljot, qui a rciide plufuurs aiinecs 
en Gcorgic, et qui, apres avoir aupannant eludic Ic* metaniurphulcs 
des infoSes Angloifcs. a pourfuivi 1c conrs de lcs rechcrcbcs en Gcurgic 
ct dans lcs parties voifincsdc rAinerique Septcntrionalc. II a figure Ic 
rcfultat dc fes obfervations avee tine bcautc de pinccau el une exacti- 
tude qu'il feroit difficile dc furpailcrs ct il a accompagnc fes figures 
d'une COUrtc indication, ainfi que d'une representation, des plantCS 
dont chaquc infecte fail (a principle nourriture, auxqucllcs Ic trou- 
vent jointes pluftcurs circoufianccs relatives & Ccs irururs, ainfi que Ics 
temps dc fes diffcrentes nielamorpliofcs ct d'autrcs particularitcs intc- 
reflantcs. Quant u tons Ics fails dc cc genre contenus dans at 
ouvragc Ic public en cfi entiercment rcdcvahli- ;1 \L Abbot. Lcs DOttS 
dc cc dernier n'ayanl point etc redigecs par hu-memc inetliodique- 
ment a feflet d'etre publico** feditcur leur a purement donne one 
forte dc liaifon ct d'ordrc; ct a gcncralement ajoute fes propres re- 
marques, dans uu [xiragrapbe feparc ct en caraCtcrcs different* du 
rcftc dc Touvrage, ctani d'ailleurs cnticrcnicnt rcfponfablc des noms 
lyftematiques ct des definitions, attendu que M. Abbot if a |>as meme 
tcntc dc trailer cct objet, 

L'cxcculion de cetlc partie dc fouvragc ifeluit |xi* Tans difficultes. 
Lcs cfpcccs dc I^fruloptvrtt* telle* qifon les voil dans la derniere 



edition de Fabricuis, font li prodigicufement nombrcufes, qu'il nc 
faut pas pcu dYtudc ct d'obtcrvation pour parvenir a les connoilre 
aflcz bicn, pour ctrc en ctat dc decider fi un uifc&C parliculicr qu'ou 
nous prefente fc trouvc panni dies ou hoik CcUc cliflicultc a etc en 
grande jxirtic applanie par Ic librc acccs, qu'on a bicn voulu dooncr a 
I'cditcur dans !cs cabinets du Britilh Mufcum, de Sir Jofepli Banks, 
de feu M. Lcc d'llammcrfmhlu ct dans celiii dc feu Ic Dr. Hunter, 
mainicnant dans la pofleffion do Dr.Baillie, oh Tun Irouvcra prtfquc 
toutcs les nuuvcllcs cfpcccs dc Fabricius nominees ]>ar luMnaue; 
landis que la collection originate de Limittus a rcpandu Ic plus grand 
jour fur les efpeecs Linnccnncs- La plupart dot inlcAcs meme nou- 
vcaux, figures dans cet outrage, fc trouvent rcpandus dans les cabinets 
dont il vieiit d'etre jxtrlc, ct tous fc rencontrcnt dans VexceUentc col- 
leclion dc M. Francillon, tranfmilc par M Abbot lui-nicmc* Dans 
Ic oenre dc Papilfo % 1'cditcur na pas etc pcu aide |>ar Con cxaci cl of- 
iicicux ami, M.Jones dc Cliclfca, qui connoU pcut*etre lc plus puriuitc- 
ment ccttc tribu. ct dont les deflins font cux-ineincs Tautoritc ori* 
ginalc, ]x>ur plufieurs Papilfortts nouvcllcmcnt publics du Profcflcur 
Fabricius, qui n'ont etc en effet decrits que d apres cux. 



Partont ou quclques-tms des iufectes dans cet ouvragc pouYoiem 
ctrc decouvcrts dans ceux de Fabricius, et on efperc qu'il en eft pen, 
fi toutefois il y en a des fiens parmi CUX qui n aicnt pas etc trouves, 
fes noins iriviaux out etc Icrupulcufcuicnt conferves, cxccptc lorfquc, 
ainliquon Ic vcrra, de puiflaittes niifons cxigwirnt quon Ic$ changed t 
Dans plufieurs CM il a etc" ablblumcnt ncccflairc de changer 13 tcrmi* 
nalfon dc Ics uoms, pour les fairc quadrer avee les tcrmmailbns pr- 
ticulieres que Luiiucus a judictculement attributes a des feclions 
particulicrcs de Pfittime, Aiofi Ic mot imperialis dc Fabricius a 
etc change en impcratoria* celui de rcgalis en f£gia, |>arcc que les 
noms finiflant en atit font exclufivcmcnt refcrves aux Phat&nst Pj?~ 
rales. Ceixrndanl les cara*5lcre$ fpecifiqucs n'ont |>as etc aveuglcmcnt 
adoptcs, foil dc Fabricius, foil dc Linnxus lui-incine: inais lis out etc 



XII 



eublis d'apriw line contemplation, aulfi ctendur qifelle pom oil 1 1 
des eJpfecea naturcllemcnt nllitVs: tVtl poor cela que Ibttvent on I 
(rouvcra plus exacts ct plus parfaits que ecu* de Unrami, qui con- 
nniiliiii eompanitivcinem peu dc heftdftfitrtn on que crux de Fahri- 
CJUS qui n'en connoilloit p:is particuliercniciit lo melamorjdioh ., lr 
ayaul |>riiici|xilcincii1 connus thus le> cabinet*, ct manquam |»r con- 
fequent (hi III c-flcnlicl pOUrparvenirA 1111 arrangement nature!- Aufli, 
lemblc-t-il i»ar fa preface rdativement a eclte tribu. n'ctrc pas bicn ffir 
dyatoir reufli. Sea travails DJanmoins lui font bcaucoupd'honnctir; 
et, quoiquc nous n adoptions pas Ics genre* ct ic> fubdivilions, nous ad- 
mirons la fagacitc avee Iauurllc il a caraclerilc les rljiecrs* I) < ri feulc- 
mciit h rcgrcttcr que ect illufirc ccrivain nait pu avoir devaut lui, 
Jbus un feul point de vuc, routes les efpeccs qtfil avoit aupanivaut 
deerilcs de cliaqui 1 i: lire, ; III] tic pouvoir, autanl qtfil etoil p alible, 
placer enfcintilc tonics eel les qui eioient nntiircllcmeiit :dliccs; car la 
dennerc edition ell pcul-etrc plus dcTcCiucufc en cc point qifen tout 
autre. 






En uonunanl les nonvclles cf|>cccs contcnucs dans cet ouviagc, on 
a fait attention anx regies bicn clablies, ct on a eu egard a tout ce 
qui pouvoit aider la memoire ou iuftruire. L'cditeur le tlatte que lr> 
pclflGSf qu'il s'eft donnccs 4 cc fujet, ne feront pas confidents eomme 
inutilcs. En montratit cc qif il eft |>ofliblc de fairc. a faidc dc quelquc 
attention ct avec de I'exaditudc, il a pcut-ctre founii un DOUVCau 
moyen de prouver que ccite jKirtic dc la fcicncc pcut eflieaccment 
fcrvir ii rinftru&iort, ct que la memoire ct le jugement pcuvent fe prc- 
tcr un mutucl fecours, Sestravaux parottrout a quclqucs-uns frivolcs 
et pcu utiles. II y a cu des naturoltfles qui, pourvu qu ils ajoutaf- 
fent de* mm & lamas confus et (telle que reecluit leur memoire, 
s'cmbamlibient |>cu de la pbilofopliie des ck&fes* IIm out par-l;t jettc 
du difcrcdil fur I etude a bquelle ils sadonnuienl, cl prefque jutiific 
lc paradoxc que dautres unt foulenu, (avoir* que lea DOms qui nc lig- 
iiiiioicnl rien ctoicnt led mcillcurs. Mais ccrtainemenl s il efl jamais 



utile dc diOingucr un nhjet nature! d'un autrc t on ne pent employer 
trap dc moyens d'afllftcr la memoirc, dans one fcicocc aufli vafic que 
I ell devenue dc no* jours riuftoirc natorellc- 

Lcs figures dans eel ouvragc font dcfiin£c3 *i rcpr&entcr lcs cfpeces 
aufli |>arfaiteincnt qu'il cloh ncccflairc pour lcs difiingucr. L'infcclc 
p;tiiaii dcK deux fexes, quand il y a cntr*eux quclquc difference, avec 
la ehrylalide et la chenille d\>n il provient* accoinpagnc la plantc qui 
[rii A chaquc efpece d'uniquc ou de principal aliment. On a figure 
frequemment Ic dcifus ct Ic defibus des Papiliwies ou Papilfans <\c 
jour; y ayant fouvent cntrc Tun ct lau t re une graudc difference. 
Mais eomme Ic deffbus des PhaLcmc ou papillons de nuit reflemblc 
Ijcaueoup plus au deflus, a ccla prcs qu'en general il cl! d'unc tciutc 
pins foible, unc courtc mention de ces differences rend abfolumcnt 
inutile la representation- II arrive ncamnoiiis affez fouvent que Its 
deux (exes different notablement, nicmc plus que quelques autrcs 
cfpcccs diftincles, el e eft pour ccla que quelqucfois on a juge nceef- 
fairc dc les figurcr feparcment. 



1/AmeriqucScptcntrionalc, d'apres lcs obfervations de M. Abbot, 
produit nombre d'efpetes d'infc&cs curicux, trcs clificrcns dc ceux 
d'Anglctcrrc, cl pour la plupart rcpandus dans tout le pay& II paroh 
qifunc partie lui eft commune avec I'Amerique Mcridionale et les 
Indes Occidcntalcs; tandisquc 1'autrc a|>|Kirlient plus particulicrcmcnt 
a ccttc contrce. Quelques efpeecs rcffemblent a ccllcs d'Anylclerre, 
tcllcs que quelques- uncs des tribus Ic Laquais, le Ton flu ct TAr- 
gus. Ccrtaincs chenilles cntiercnient diflcrcutcs de cclles qu'on ren- 
contre en Angleterrc, dnnnmt des plialcncs qui ont bien des traits 
dc rcflcinblanee avec pluficurs des notrcs, tels que les phalenes le 
Poignard ct Ic Gris; tandis que cl un autre cole des chenilles qui rtf- 
femblcnt a cclles de cc |>ays naiflcnt des infecles tout-n-fuiL diflcrens 
des nfitrcs, aiiili que nous Ic voyons dans Ic genre Sphinx et dan* 
qitelqUCS Phtllctbt. 






9. 















XIV 

La Gcorgic fournit prcfquc routes les cfpcccs dc Virgmic ct quclqucs 
SBtrcs dr |>ltts* ncanmoins dans Tautonmc Ics chenilles font bcaucoup 
plus communes en Virginic qucri Gcorgic, IXins cc demier pays cc 
fcroit unc peine infniAucufe que de ereufer pour chcrchcr des infcclcs 
dans Tctat de chrylalide, inoycn cflicacemcnt employe en Europe 
pour fc procurer tanl defpeces curicufes; car la Gcorgic eft un pays 
dc Ixiis. et Ics infc&cs y font claiMcnics, 

I5ans Ictc plullcurs papillons frequcntcnt Ics endroits humides ou 
;i<iurux; on Ics trouve dans les cours. pros des ruaifbns ct aux gucs 
des ruiflcaux, prcrtant plaifir a pompcr riuiniiditc de la tern:* 

II v a pcu de plialcnes qu'on puiflc prendre fur Ic loir- On rcn- 
conire alors, il eft vrai, pluficurs cfpcccs de Sp/ihtx fur Ics ftcurs de 
gourdes* el on voh quelquefois diflrrcnlcs cfpcccs de nhalcncs volcr 
dans Irs maifons vers la lumicrc; on petit aufli Ics attrapcr a I aide 
d'un flambeau fur Ics flcurs des arbrcs fruitier*; maU Us y font moins 
multiplies quYn Angleicrrc- 

Pluficurs chenilles Aincricaiiics piqucnt coinmc fcroit unc ortie, ct 
dc ccttc piqure s'clcvcnt des pctltcs nimcurs blanches fur la pcau, 
furtout quand on vicnt A les toucher par bafard ou legcrcmcnt; e'eft 
pourquoi ou Ics a gcnernlcmcnt en grandc Ijorrcur. M. Abbot ncan- 
moins obferve qu'il n'a jamais rencontre de chenilles qu'il flit rctllc- 
ment dangercux de toucher, ct il a fouvent laifle tomlx-r fur fa main 
ou dan* foil fcin Ics cfpcccs qui piquoicnt Ic plus, au grand clonncmcnt 
de* negpes ainfi que des blancs de ccttc contrcc. 

Les vers des Scarakci reflcmblcnt A eclui dn hanneton Anglois, 
ct tous vivent en tcrrc. lis ont generalcmcnt le corps blanc ct la tcte 
noire on brune, Ics divcrics cfpcccs diflcnuu principtlcment par la 
tulle, Itfs larva; du genre CcrambLx ct celles du Zdptur* font toutca 
a pcu prcs dc la meme forme ct de la meme coulcur. EIK viveni 



K 






XV 



dans ilcs troncs d'arbns, foment immediatcmuit Tons Icconxr. La 
larva ct hfittfia n&nmoinsdu Cerambix coriarim, rctiemblcni ;*« cellos 
des ScamlKti Ixs CoccittelU* ct ChryfomelU dans leurs prcr 
ctats reflciublciit bcaucoup a ecus <TEurope. 



"fillers 



M. Abbot decrit commc trcs curicufc la chenille dc la petite 
mouche portolanterae trouvec dans du bois pourri; mais il tia point 
fait mention du uom fyftcmauque de finfcclc parfait, Ccttc hrva 
eft longuc d'environ un poucv ct demi, ct tout fon corps rcpand one 
clarte partille a ccllc du bois pourri pliofplioriquc, ou a ccllc dc la 
tune. On la rencontre rarcment; mais la mouche, quoiqu'elle nc 
foit |xts trcs commune pendant lc jour, paroit en fi grandc abondancc 
dans ccrtaines nulls cliaudcs, que lis bois paroiuent couvcrts d'etin- 
cdJcado feu- Gctte Imuicre ell occnfionncc |*ar une dilatation ou 
cxpanllondc lalxlomcn, la maticre luifantc fc Irouvanl logtVdans les 
deux dcrnicrs anneaux- de maniere que, quand ccs deux aimeaux 
viennent 3 fc com rafter, Hnlcftc nc ripand plus dc lumierc 

Lcs vers du genre dc la deiuOifeUe font, ct pour la forme ct pour 
la coulcur, fcmbtablcs ii ecus dWngletcrre. M- Abbot :x obferve que 
la plupart dc* cfprces differences Atbiflcnt leurs transformations du* 
rant tout lc court dc Pete, 



L'ouvragc fuivant ncanmoins. contient fculemcnt ce qui a rapport 
a quclqucs-uns des Ltpidoptcra les plus rarcs ct Ics plus curieux. Let 
defcriptions cxaftes dc M. Abbot doivent rendre fes rcmarqucs ultc- 
rictircs fur Ics infeftes cxtremcmciit inlercflanlcs. 















c 






m 










TAB. L 



PAPILIO TROILUS, 

BLACK AND YELLOW SWALLOW-TAIL BUTTERFLY. 



ANETIIUM f<KXICULUM. L/KX. 



EXCITES TRQ£$. 



P, E.T. dU caudatii nigra: primoribui pun&i margiiulibm [uttidb ; pofticu fupra pallido 
fubtut mho nuculaiM augulo atii fulvo puueto nigra. 






r,4, 4. Dtwqiiwf r, \ t t. ii./ a, 3.J. 



Tii e caterpillar of tins fj>ccics cats fennel ami rue* It changed to a chrvfalis July 
12th, awl the butterfly came forth cm the 20th- It b more frequent in Virginia 
than in Georgia. 

ThU fr/tf*, and that in the following plate, have given iw more trouble than any otlxx 
bleel in the work. Unfortunately the linnxan Cabinet portefle* neither ; and tlie fpednc 
chancier* and defcriptions in the publication* of our great nutter, a* well ai thofc of hi* 
worthy dimple Fabricim, arc by no meant fulficicnt to remove all doubt. In the preterit cafe, 
however, the Bjnktlan Mufcura, revifcd by ftMtiWp with tl*e fyrronym* of Drury and Cra- 
mer, enable ut with tolerable confidence, to offer thU infeci a* the Pjpith Tr$ihti f nothing eon* 
Iradictory occurring in the two principal fyflcroauc author* above mentioned. We beg leave- 
only to remark, that 1\ rfjtrrm t Fabr t p, <S. feerm not 10 be different from ihir. Our upper- 
mofi figure U pcccifcly the No. 9. of Druryi and, according to hi* opinion, and ihcobfcrra- 
liom of Mr. Abbot, h only a variety (pcrhapi a icxual difference) of the other. Drury'* 
No. 4 t being the under ftdc of No. I> hi* AJtirnkj, hat nothing to do with either. 

The black dot in the orange fpol of the anal an$lc feetmamark of J\7>«/iu. lu cater- 
pillar is very near dial of 1\ MmA, w, and betray* the tmperfeclion of our prefent 1) Hematic 
arrangement* of ihit tribe, with refpeel to natural arhmtk*. 

P. AWiu, fJm> Sjfi* Sat. 7SI, it next akin to '/VmAu* and when Ltmutu* im it U 
"fimthmus J\ Ajta* wc rather believe Iw romjarcd it with 7V«Au, which t* the *<kr of 
Ctetdt, though widely different from hi* own repctfcMcd in our T*h 4. 



2 






TAB. I. 



IWPILIO TROIIMS, 

LA QUEUE D'HIRONDELLE NOIRE ET JAL'NE. 






AXKTIIUM F4KNICULUM. LINN. 

I * K FKNOIML 






Ka 



I 



I. X<iUiTr.S TkQES. 

P.E.TpalUcaudalurugm: prirnwibu* p«nc>rt marginal tout rullidU; poilici* fapra pallido 
fubtu* fulto macuLiiit angulo ani ttiho puncto ni^ro. 

r Aj*i_ cm*/. i>.u./j ( 0. 

La cbcoiUc de? ceUc efpecc & nourrit tic fcnouil el de rue. Elk fc changea en 
chrvfulidc Ic 12 JmllcU et le papillon gxarut uu jour Ic 20. On le (rouve plan com- 
munemcnl en Virginic qiTcn Gcorgic- 

Aucun inleclc dan* ecl outrage nc nou* a 6;d aulant dc jjciiic que cc papillon et cclui 
dc la ptanchc fuiiairtc. Pa* nulbcur on nc trouTC m Tun ni l*autrc dans Ic Cabinet dc IJn- 
curuti Jaillcuri la cara&eta rr^liquc* et lodefcriptlofuc^ntcnu»<bn»lc»auvrc«ik noire 
grand maiirc, .iit-Ti qi*c ccux do fondirnc difciple Fabrkiiis nc HifKfoicnt nulltfticnt pour dif- 
ftpcr not dcu**t*t. Mainicuant ncaxunoiut lc Muitum du Chev* BjnLa rnt* en ordrc par Fabri- 
ciu* ainfi que k* finoiiuix* dc Dturv ct dc Cramer nom metier., i portcc *lc pniicmer j vev 
unc confiancc raiioniuMc eel infreV rotiunc le Ptfifa 7W**, lurtoul n'y ayanl ricu doc* 
let deux prineituux autcur* fwii rnatxruct ei-dttTu* rocntionna qui ccettrcditc noire ativri;on» 
Qtfil nou* foil fculcmeni permit dc ranirqucr que Ic T- jtyfrLu, fWr. p. 6, ne juroU j»ai 
difffrcr dc <clui cu Notre premiere figure eft prccticmcnt Ic Xo. 9, de Drory ; ct, fuii-*»t 
Ion opinion, ainfi que d \ipri 1 * !c* obJcrvaiLOiii dc M. Atrbotf ctlc n eft nu'unc varictc de l*au* 
ire (pcuvctrc oictnc tine difference dc (cxc)< Lc No* 4. dc Entry riant Ic dcflbut du No< I, 
fon Afitw*** n'a ricn dc cotntnim arec aueun da deux. 

Lc i»oiirt nolr dam b uebe couloir d'orangc dc l'angtc dc faitut porott c"trc unc mirquc 
du P.TrwLi* Sa chenille rencmblc uc fort prea a telle du V.M^ktw, el deSotlc riinpcffec- 
tion dc not orrangemmu I) iUioni-juci de ectlc iribu par rapport aux aiHntta naturclla* 

Lr i\ X*/k*t> Liwt. Sjjt* AW. 75>i eft allw dc pra avce le '/Vwiui rtuuand Lhuucui 
illl qu 11 cfl Jmti&mu i 1 , -^/, nout ctotoiw plot volonrler* qu il Ta con»pan£ avee Ic Trwfoi, 
qui ell Isfytt dc Getk, fuioiquc iiifmuncnt UuTcrait du ncn figutti dan» notrc 7i.^ i. 



K 






3 
TAB, II. 



PAPILIO ILIONEUS, 

SASSAFRAS BLACK SWALLOW-TAIL HUTTKRFLY, 



LAURUS SASSAFRAS. LItfK 

* A * S A 1* H A S TREK. 



P. V„ T. ali* cauditU merit : pofticu Umbo rxrulrfcrmibiii anculo ani fulvo * fubcus max u* 

1U btfariu rubrit fubocellaribiiH. 
r^ki^Cboct* m* am* ««/. r.4 *' 



It* food i* the lallafra*, the eateq>iilar folding a Leaf together for an habitation, 
and removing to a new one, a* it* Itilicnancc around W cxhatiilcd. Thclc caterpil- 
lars exhale a remarkable fecnt. whence they are fomctimc* called Mi How -w nnn^ 
Having changed in the beginning of October, they remained in the chrvfuli* (late 
till the toil) of March. One of them in Virginia changed Odober 13th, and the 
fly did not come out till April &\\\, This butterfly n* frequent about hlotibint in 
(he fpring ; and a* the weather grow* hotter, refort* to wet place* in court-yard*, 
fords of rivulcto, etc. 



After much itudy and confutation we liarc not been able 10 refer tbU infect to any Lin* 
naran or Fabritiaji fpeck** Whether it may be the Glantw of Fabriciut in hi* new work f (ha: 
of lib Mantifla it now named I*tukm$) t it furcly cannot be the original Gltww of Limurot, 
figured b>- Clerck, 1,04./ I. and by Cramer. M3&./A.& which U clearly dill iuguifhtd 
by ihc rcnurkatrfc brown line on the umler fide of it* hind wing*, a* well at by it* general 
colouring and marking. Mr- Jonc*, whofe opinion it of ihc firll authority, fuppofed our 
rij;1it-luud figure, No* 3, to lie Tralm of Limueus whirJ* it ceruinlv much rvicinWe*, and 
the other to be a diflWrM fjKcic*. For the we mull rely on ihc accuracy of Mr Abbot. If 
No. -.be a variety of Trwtni* the caterpillar, Jo different from that in our Lift tiljtc, mull 
belong only 10 Xo* t, of which No. 3. fcemi indubitably the under-fide, and which we here 
drfcribc a* new by the name of Ithwu. 



ET 



I 



I* 












TAB. Ht 



PAPILIO ILIONEUS, 

LA QUEUE DHIRONDELLE MOIRE DU SASSAFRAS. 



LAUHUS SASSAFRAS, LINN. 
LIE SAS&AKHA* 



P. £. T. alii caudali* nigri* : pofti<i* limbo cenikfccriltbut axigulo ani fulvo ; fubtui macu* 

lb bifonis ruhtn lubocellaiibu*! 



hpfrtitainn fJ/.Ktt* 



ri <> 



Sox alimcnc.cft Ic uflat'ra*. \jx chcmllc courbc unc fcuillc rt en rapproche les bords 
pour 1c faire unc petite habitation; cllc nc cfunge cir domicile que quand la provi* 
lion d'alimcnt* vtciit a manqucr autour d'dlc* Ccs chenilles caJialcnt unc odrur 
extraordinaire; c crt dc U quVllcs font appellees quclqucioi* Mel low- worms. Ayant 
fubi leur changemem au commencement il'Oclotire, clles rcitcretit Jan* IVtat tie 
chrtlalidc jttfquau 10 dc Mar*. Cue delles en Virginic fc tram, forma Ic 13 d'Oc- 
lobre, et le papillon ne forth tk fun enveloppc que Ic 5 d'Avril. On voit iouvcnl 
ce papillon voltjjgeiot autour dc* hYtir* dam !e printemp*. ct a mcfiire que ta cha- 
leu r* augment cm t il Ic retire <bns to end roil* humidc* tcl* que Ic* cour*, el leg 
licux qui avoitincnt Ics ruiftcaux* 



A pees avoir bScn eiudic bicn con folic, noti* navoni pu rapportcr ect infcclc a aucunc 
efpeec oVeritc pu Linn»us ou par Fabriciu*. Si cVfl Ic Gfc*™, dc Fabriciu* dam fon nowcl 
ouvragr (celui dc (on Martina cfl malntenaDt nommc A;>/.^vj) ee n'efl ccriaincracot pa* Ic 
CimnM original dc Linnara* figurf par CIcrck, f. 04./. I* d par Cramer. '. 1 30. /. A- B. qui 
eft di aifd i diftingoer par ccUe ljgoc lemarquabfe dc coulcur brunc. qui fc troUTo fur le 
drflbu* dc* aile* inferieure*, aulli bicn que par rVnfcrnWc dc fc* iWcur* et pir (** marque*. 
M. Jonc* donl I'optnion ert du plut grand pokb, t'snuginott que notrc figure mj'on voii ici 
a droile. No. 2, {tost celle du 7>w&i dc Linnctis qui lui leuctnbk aAWaicnt beancoup. et 
que Vautic iuAi unc efpcec dirict cntc, U dcflui nout pourom nou* en rappoder a f exacti- 
tude dc M. Abbot. Si Ywkfa rcpnffinii^ No. x dl unc varietd du T^w/ii/. b chenille rt 
dirTcrcntc dc <e»c dc notrc demierc pianette nc doit appuienir quau No. I. don^ le Xo. 3. 
*cmble indulnubkmcnt etrc k dclTou* el que noui Atom decrite conuuc nouxelle fou* Ic 
DomJJfawn tf i 



r "^ 



TAB, III. 

PAP I LI O PHILENOR. 

SNAKE-ROOT BLACK SWALLOW-TAIL BUTTERFLY. 



AKISTO LOCHIA SEItPESTJIUJ. /JAW. 

SLACK &NAK L-llUUT* 



P. E. T. ititCJudalitnigrit; pofiicii tircfccnli mlidi*; (ubtui nuculU Jfptcm rubm fubo- 

cclhnbu* bjG purvfto lulclccntc. 



One of thdc caterpillar* was found feeding on (he black fnake-root, striftolocJiia 
fcrp&ttarla, and atlaclwd itfelf to the branch by ii» tail, llnr 24ti of A|iriL Two 
days afterward* it changed to a chry talis and the tly appeared May -iih- An- 
other fpun itfelf up June soth, changed 21 ft, and the tly came out on the 5th 
of July. 

Thi5 is one of the moll common butterflies frequently fern on the hlonoms 
of the peach and other trees in the fpring. and U no left plentiful in Virginia. 
Tl» retractile horns of tin* caterpillar fcem appropriated to (he fwallow-tail 
tribe. 



Inhere it no difficulty in determining iliu (jioric*, though the female In* much Icfi of the 
green hue, except in forne particular hgbti, than the male- 



I 



«*■ 



TAB. III. 









PAPILIO PHILENOR. 

LA QCEUE milKOXUELLE NOIRE DE I* A SERPENTAIRIL 



AJtISTOLOClItA SBRPEKTdRId, LINK 

LA SEKEXTAI&E NOIRE. 



P- Ep T alu caudalu nigri* : pofiici* virc&cnri nitidU: Cubtut macuti* p"q>:cm rubrii fulw- 

celUriboi ball punclo lutcftcntc- 



P. Aflirai. Jfr*,*! /y, i: 1 . UK/I w *. r«. r^, r. so*. / 4 jt. 



L *_' 









U\n ilk* cc* chenilles tilt trouvec commc clle rongeoit Li fcrj>eiiiairc noire /fW/to/o- 
cAfa firpenturitt, et le 24 Avril die fc fufpendii par b queue a b pbntc qui lm 
lervoit d'alimcnt. I h u\ jour* aprcs cite lc tcanMorma en chrviiilidc c( la mom her 
parut lc VI M*i, Cne autre fe fib one COmjc le -jo. fc mAaiiiorphofi lc 31, et b 
mouchc quitta fon fourrcau 1c 3 de JuillcL 

Cc pj pi I ton ell 1111 des plus commnns; on lc rencontre frequent mem for le* 
tlcun du pecher el de plullcur* autre* arbec* dam lc prin temps, ct on lc trouvc en 
auifi grandc abundance en Virgfale, l-c* cornea tic ceUc chenille quelle pent fairc 
inn tret rcntrcr a volute*. Ambient appartcnircxclulivciiicnt a b tribu eonnuc lou» 
)e nom dc queue d'htrondcltc* 



H cfl aifi de determiner X quelle cfpeec on doit rapportcr ce pipilton, qiiolque b coutcur 
vene patoiflc domiiur plui dira lc mile que dirtt b fctucllc; ec qui rforrtTc ceperhbm 
cmaujant que eclk-ci &*cfl pa» confident fait certain* point* dc vuc parikulier*. 







* 



tfS2Z^S2 



TAB. IV. 

PAPILIO AJAX. 
BLACK-BARRKU SWALLOW-TAIL Bl'TTTRFLY. 



ANNONA FJLUSTRiS, LINK 

SWAMP l*A PAW. 



I.* E^UITES ACUirt. 

P* I A alis caudati* conctilorihui flavriccntilKis tafcii* irigri* geminau*; pouicU fuV.u-« 
flrigi diffract* ingulocjuc ani fanguincis. 

frliluAjiL Irtf-V-^?*^ Jj**, £■#■■*. ™-*-l r, 4. **» 

The catcq>illar feed* on the highland as well as the Iwanip papaw: and having 
tied itfclf up (he i*2ti of May. changed to a chry&lis ihc 21th* The fly came out 
June iGlh, It continue* breeding all llw fiimmer. One that underwent it* clungc 
in autumn, came out the toili of March following: This fpceiw i* not very com- 
mon in Georgia, though mucti more io than in Virginia* Jt (lie* very fwift t 
hovering about the bloftbrn* of fruit-tree*, and often fucks damp places in yards, 
when it may be calily taken. 



There i* tlie- grtatcrt affinity between thi* fly and ihc European I\ rthhfrnu, infomucli 
thai it is very difficult to make a fpecific dimeter whkh lhall dulinguiJh them. It nill 
readily 1)c perceived for what reafuns we luvc diffented front thofe given by preceding u- 
ihot*. Tlte character of VtJjhnw too will require correction i for the line on the under* 
fide of its hind wings and tin- topJm ani, are orange-coloured, rather than frnguincout. 

In the caterpillar (late theJe two infect* differ coiufidcrably, tlut of F<Jj!triui not having 
either like liurm of our*, nor the tranfverfc black, blue, and yellow ilnj^ 'Jtiere is inoiher 
fpceiea *cry tike both the above in the lail flair, i\ PrtfrfiUw * but Hi form U deftribed as 
being black and fpiooua. 



IF 



8 



\f. 



ft 



ta a IV. 
PAPILIO AJAX. 

LA QUEUE D'HIRONDELLE KAVEE DE NOIR. 



AXNONA PALUSTRtS* LINK 
I.E CGBOSSOUEft DCS MAIUIJ 



X 



P* E. A. alii caudatii contcJoribui flatdcentibu* fafrii* nigri* gtniinatii; (>ort*fi* Itsbiii* 
ilrigA itifluf li itiguToquc aui la&j*uincif* 



tyifitAjn. Um.&.X* JKL Mr. 



«*»j. r ( * t jj. 






~ 



D* 



L\ chenille vie fur lr Corotlblier dea montagnc* autli bicn que fur celui des marub. 
ri a'&UI lice Ic 27 dc Mai, die Ic ctangca en clirvlalidc le 2 1, L» mouchc parut Ic 
ifl Juin. Kile multinlic £m* interrupt ion pendant loul le court dc lVrc". I'm* «nii 
tTOll iubi fa meiamorphole en automnc, lortit dc ta dcniicrc dcpouillc le dix de 
Mar* luivant CcUcclpccc ncil pas tn 1 * commune en (-corgic, quoiouVilc}- foit 
plu* abondantc ipfcn Yiqrinic. I*e vol du papillon ell (re* rapidc, il plane au dedu* 
des riVura dea arbrc* fruitier*, tnmli* qu*il en ex prime !e fuc. rt foment mcnic on le 
voil dan* leacour* facer Icscndroii* huinidca; c*crt alorsou'on peul le Giilir aiicmcnt. 



Il y a la plua grandc afEaitc cntre cetic moorhc rt ccltc dc TKurope J*. V*J*f*rmt t fi bien 
qu il eft tr*4 dinlcik <k irouvct un carafteir fpJcinijiic a I aide duqud on punTc Ic* diltin- 
gucr. On appcrccvni fadlcmcm Ic* ruToru qui nou* ont dVeidi a nc p« adopter le» carac- 
lerw employe* par le* autcur* qui nou« ont precede. Cdui dc PvU&riaa a Ijcfirin auffi 
dVtre corrigc; car la ligne du dcfftui *lc* dltt infeneurea, ct /tfit**&r ***u" font coulcur 
iVonugc plotta que de coulcur dc tang. 

IXmt IVut de cl^ul!cce«deuxinfeclc«dincretitex(reii>cnienl; cclkdc Pnkt&rifit i\ jyant 
ni la come* que portc U node, ni b raie Iraturafrlc noiie. Ucuc rt >iunc. II y a tme autre 
tfpece, /'■ V»-tfffiU*$t qui, fot» U demiire fonne, rcnemble beaueoup aux deux ci^ddn» 
mcauonr^d ; mat* la Urvc cA de'erite eommc ^uiit dc couleur ix>ire, ct dpmcuTc. 



'b 









& 



K 



t 




} 






M 



•* 









/^. 









9 

TAB, V, 



PA PI LIO EUBULE. 

AMERICAN BRIMSTONE BCTTERFLT. 



CASSIA CHAVAGRISTJ. LISN t 

DV'Ali; <: a, - : \ 



3- RASAI CAXMDl. 

P, P. ali* inlcgorimii rotunditi* lutri* marginc puiKU* nigris. fubtu* punelo geinino fct- 

ruguxo arvcnteo. 

fepUW Ellbdb JU-. V- Vrf I*'* **< **•»■ —* * * »^ *" «■ Piy . r i ». / E V. 

The catcrpilhr icc&* on thi* IjKvic* of caifia. Oi>c of them fptin itielf up tlieaoth 
of Augull, rliangcd tlie next dav, and the pcrtcd infaft appeared September loili. 
Another fpun on (he 23d of Seplcml*x, clunked the 2-ilh, aim! came out the till, 
of October. Thi* i» mH a common caterpillar, though found likcwifc in Virgi* 
nia. __ 

It is euriou* to obfrrvc the conformity of colours between the flowers of tliU plant and 
lite Ay bred upon it. Wc (hall lute occafion to note oilier inllancct of the Lame kind, and 
there nrc many of thrm throughout nature. In fon>c cafei thofr rrfcrnhhncc« (con to anfwer 
the purt>o1c of protections ju when a ehryl'au* referable* the bail to which it ii fixed, Of a 
caterpillar the flower or leaf it feed* upon ; but that pnrpofe feenu not to be anfwered here. 
Do fueh ftmilaritict of appearance, in fervmg lo excrcifc the attention and power* of dileri* 
niinaiiou of animal* defimed to devour the t\y, or of other* that feed upon the flower, turn 
incrcaJc Uic general fum ofhsppincfa, in confluence of the employment of intellect and the 
faoccl* of it* exertion? Or iheic tiultcrfltr*. jierhaps celebrating 

- ■ tbot (Ut mptUt «d ucut W h*vt " 

may find a peculiar charm in the colour* of the flower before u*, a* rcfembling those, un- 
doubtedly moll attra elite to their fancy, in which their own mates arc attired. Thua they 
are prompted to hoier about it, and to lay iheir eggt on il*e tery plant ncceitary to the nou- 
rllhmrni of their young* One of the moil difnculi th:it£* in nature to account for ii that 
unerring propensity which mfe£t*. in tlicir perfect llate. have to deposit their egg* where the 
future brood of caterpillar* will find proper fitlicnancct though they tlvnnfelve* have no rc- 
liih for the tame food, and arc often incapable of eating at alt, during tbc Ull tranftcut lute 
of cxillence in which they propagate their fpccica* Jf it be poiTiKc to obtain a clue in any 
talc of thi» kind, it may lead to much curiou* and iultruttivc fpeculation i and whether any 
immediate ufc to ourteWc* be derived from it or not, we arc lure thai nothing whkh ha* 
engaged the attention of the Eternal Infinite Mind ran be unworthy the notice of any of it* 
rational creature*. On the contrary, next to their kghrfl privilcgr, wliyh U lo be capable of 
ivutjii*/ it* benevolence* tlteir nureti enjoymenta con till in contemplating tlie iuluiitclr varied 
opentiom of that beuevoIeiKe, directed bj* unerring wifdom, through fplietea of being In 
which ihej* arc not immediately eotacenxd. 






r?g n »» . 



^E^a 






10 
TAB. V. 



PAPIMO EUBULE. 

LE SOl'FRF. IVAMKRIQI.'K. 



CASSIA r // ■* .V /B • Ctf y 5 TV/. 

tA CASSK CMiTELI.K 



/./AW. 



. 






I 



J, DJXJI CJVDIDt 

P. D. al» intr^rritnit rotuwbii* lutci* marginc punAU mgri*: fubttu ptmclo gctnino fcr- 

rogii>co arj-cntco, 

frpluEBbcfe. />*-. 5V. -Vrf ^i r^bhtfM/T.4^. 0« J>. r. I30./K P. 

La chenille vit fur ccttc efpo'cc dc cafl<\ Une d'dte* fib ii coquc Ic Jo d'Aout, (c 
mctamorpliola \c Icndcmain, ct I'iusK'tr parut dan* Ion etat parfait Ic to dc Sep- 
tember. I'nc autre Ala Ic 23 dc Scpteinbrr, fr tranrfnrma Ic 2*1, ct ibrtit dc Itm 
cmeloppc Ic 6 d'Oclobre, CVIk-ri ncli pas unc chenille commune, quoin ti on U 
trouvc auili cn Virginia 

Ccfi unc eliofe cairicnfc que d ol»fctver la conform tic dc coulcur* cnlrc lc* fleam dc cdtc 
plinlcctbraouchcqui •*en nourrit. Norn luroo* occationoV rcniarqucrd autre* c*cmplc*dc 
L tn£mc clpeee. cl il y en a bcaucoup dan* la nature, Quriqucfbi* ce» rcncinbbntc* parol f- 
(cnt n avoir d autre bat que dr protegee finite ; commc quand unc clirvblidc rcflcmlitc a 
JVtocccabqucllccllccri tixccou unc chcnitlc a b flctirotiAU fruillcqui bnourrii; man- id 
un pared but pirott avoir etc* manque". IX- telle* rdlrttiblauctscn Imam J c\i-u-cr J attention 
rt ]c difcemcroent Jbit dc* anunaux dctlinci a dtvorer la moiaehc, on i*e ccux qui fc nourrif- 
fcnt u> la licur, aujpntntcnt*clici b fomme pf^r^lcdc kiubc4khciir.criconrc<prCfK7oV TuGgc 
qu iU oat fiit dc leur intelligence ct du facets qui Lt fum ? on bien peut-ctrc cc* papillont, 
celebrant 



peurent trouicruitcbarmcpaniculimbai tc* coulcur) dc Jallcurici irprcfcoUV, commercf- 
Jcmbbnt * telle*, qui famdoutc phi lent Ic plus i leur imagination, ct qui Icrrcnt & rarer leuxi 
male*. Ainu iU aimcnl 1 roltigcr mCOV d'cllc, ct I portJrc kur* <rnfi iiir b plimc urfuw itc- 
cclfiird la nourriture ticlcuM |wtts>. line d<%<nofc« Id j^lunli^iK din* li nituic, e'ert 
dc rcudrc coniptc dc cc |tctbc)unl iitciifiibk que let intcifte*,riani leur cut parf^tl, <itil k lUtwj- 
fa lcoii>ccuf* U ou Ic* petite* chenilles tnxivcront uncnoiiiritUTC qui leur ert pcoprci qufwitfib 
najxiM cux-oven>r* aucwi goOt pour Ic rata* aliment, ct qifiU foicnt fomem imapiblca dc 
prendre auctiiKiiourrituredutiEit Icdcntierct court |*;riodc dc leiir\icoo ib peoinrcnt Je«r 
cfjiece. Sit crt polUHc dc faire t pn-lquc* decouvcrtcs fur cetlc rnaiiere. cllc* uwk conduiroot 
A uc» fpccuUtiimi trc* curicuto ct ire* infiraCUfCii ct loit que oout eo rctirion* quclquc 
a vantage ou iwt». tiom Umimct Iu» que ricn dc cc qui a occup6 lattnvtlon dc Tefprit ctcntd 
ct infiui ncpcuictrcioiU^cdecrlIcdaucimc*k fe*ex^aiurM fji^mbic*, Aucomrajrcaprra 
leur plm beau prii \Uxp, qui rrt dr jwuvoir imiicr la bontc; lean jouiffauco lo j>Tm purct 
conlillcnt j eontempler k> op£rition» iutlniutent viritode mtc tnctnc bon;e. diriflcr im 
unc fjgeiTc inuillible, dim le* lj>tierca dc* etrt* qui itc Ic* i[itcrelfent point tmn^diatODtnt, 



I 



■ — ■* 



K 



EC 










n 



TAB. VI. 



PA PI MO ARCIUPPUS* 



LARGK BLACK AND ORANCU: III ITTBRFIX 



AS CLE PI AS CUMJSSAr/CJ. LINK 

CUILASSAVJAN ftyrALLD VMYORT, OR BUTTKRPLY WEED. 



,* PJX.tl FESTirt. 



1 » 1>. ;iti* rcpandi* fuUU veim mirgit>e<mc albo punttito nigm: primotibu* aptcc 

Culit full it. 



na- 






Tuts caterpillar CM4 the bullcrhV weed, Afihpun mntjptnai. On the 21th of 
April it tul'pritdcil illl-lf bv ihc tail; changed lo a chrvtalis ihai J.u . and on the 
iitli of Slav the btnterhV CUKOttt It i* not a yctv common Ijhxjc& 



All author* luvc l>ccn puzzled about the varieties, at they called then), of I\ njffut, 
Ckvfiffmu &e- and ttirrly the world are obliged to Proftflbf Fabridut Tor ditltriguimiii£ tbi* 
and nunv other* which referable it. If their rnctamorpttolca were known, a* in (tut before 
us wc ilumld [uobubly be ilill more (j I idled of their being dillinet. 

Mr. Latluin informs u* f thai the beautiful RoM ijiot* on the Par*/ prcionr their eolottr 
ma in t]*ti\*< 



12 



TAB. VI. 



6> 



PAPILIO ARC1IIPPUS. 



i.B <;kos noir et orange. 



ASCLEP1AS CVRASSAnCA. i/W. 
l.K DOMfTIVEMN Dt CUHACAO. 



njyji rEST/rr 



t 



R IX alt* rtpamlU futvi* vtnit mirgincquc al!x> punfbto nigri*; prinioribut apirc TO»- 

cuJU JulvU. 

P PWiipfo*. owi*.?. #.»./& r. 






■>. 



1 






Cettk chrnillc fc nonrrit *lc rhcrbe aur papillaris Afdtpias atrajftivica* \a 21 

<1'\\[[ r'.lr [r lulj:* -JjhIi I par U i[Ui'U!-; ii* ltJlh!f.in:ii\ It* IcmlcRiaill n IIIC t'llfvlalide, 

rt k 1 1 iic Mai \c pa|>illo» paniL Cc nVil jki* unc cipece Ire* commune* 



Too* Ic* iiiictm 0(W &£ cmtarraflr* par Mp;^rt auv variclci, amfi quM* k* out ippdlcVi, 
de* J\ Ptfiifp&t Ckrtfyritt, hvw et ccrtiinancrii oniU ptm f£rat»JL* obli^iiioti au Profeffctir 
Fabricius pour avoir dim'ngu£ td!c-c» dc pluficur* autre* qui ttti rcflcmblctrt. Si Icun met*- 
itKirpliefr* tioicut cotmoo^ coramc nout tomioiflutit la traij^furnutioa <lc <x'lc que iiouv 
atcru low !c» )rux f nou* foriortt probablcnxtu trccocc plm ronvainf ui de letir diffcrvner. 

M. Latham nou* apprrod *pe k* fup<rb« ucbe* d*or qw Toil voit fur Li tltryJaiido COJ1- 
(ctxaA kur coukur minx dim Ict dpriu artkm*. 






V 










■ « 



13 



TA li< VII. 



PAPILIO GILIPPUS. 

C H ESN UT- COLOURED BUTTERFLY. 



ASCLKPIAS JMPLEXtCJULIS* 

1ROAD WAVKD-LtAVEO SWALLOW* WORT. 



P. IX all* mtegerrimi* cc-ntoloribu* fulvU olbo rnacuUtik: marginc airo punflU albii. 



A i-TF.ii t ceiling on the pbnl here represented, the caterpillar changed to a chrv&lit 
June 15th, and the btiuertlv came forth the ifGtli. It is not very common in 
Georgia, and is 1 believe, not found in Virginia. 



How beautiful it the oceafiorul uniformity smell a* the id fia tic variety of Nature! This 
butterfly, nearly related to the lall, feed* in it* ratcrnillir Haxc on a plant of the fune emu*, 
iliou^li j dilleretit fpeciot: and I he two caterpillar* J*avc a great aifiuity to each other, though 
one hai fix horns the other but four. The /*/*■ arc rxireioely f\m\hx, execjx in fire, ind 
arc lufpcndrd in lite fame manner to a Icafl 

The fj*ex* of Swallow-wort now before Q| i>» webrlievc, a ncmuelVrijrf, though formerly 
cultivated in the KctvG~riicri, and now inriened in Sirjofcph Bin IV* Herbarium. It thould 
be in&Ttcd among tlic aril fpcoc* in uV Sjflttkt I'*$fljf*fMm r and may be denominated 
Afclepia* amplcxieaulis filitfijfihk** t&ftuit mlabrii gLJwivtJt: fvfi wjjfb «my fc»Vj*& rW/, 






■r 



1 1 

I 

■ 



11 



t a n. v 



PAPILIO GILIPPC/S. 

LB COULEUB UK MAHON. 



ASCLEPIAS JMFI.KXICAUI.IS. 
LK DOMnt-VlMN AUX JfcUILLES LABOB1 Kt ONDEES- 



1*. D. a!i« iiitrgrniiii» coocolixllii:. I'ulwt alljo riiuuLlU : nurginc alio punlti* albk 






[/' 



I 



AflH avoir \ccu fur la plainr ki rrprcfrntcc. la chenille? fr IranMonna en chir- 
Glide Ic irt de Juin, el lc pupillon fori it Jo low fourrcau k aft. II nVft pa* trc* 
rommun en Geon/ie. ci je croi* <ju'il ne fe muni' point cti Virpmc. 



Quelle eil admiral tic retlc mufonmtc qu'on rencontre dani (outc U Nature, furtout Jocf- 
qu'rlk HI rapprochcr, dc U varied mlimr ic*ai*luc fur Lout Ca ouvrago! Cc papilluu, qui 
tient tic *i tMi v * au (Srft/»cr t fc noun It din* IVttt dc clicnillc d'uttc planie da ineinc grntr, 
^oiqoeu^iecfr^edincrentc; ci il y a line grandc affinitc cntrc leidcux chenilles quoujuc 
Tunc ail 6 come* undU que I'autre n'ai pocic que 4* II y a uno Ire* gnmic rHtcmUxncc 
cntrc Irs chrrflaltde* qui do different que par U grandeur n ft- lufpcTxlern dc la niewe numcrc 
1 uuc fcuille, 

CtUcelpeccdc Doaipte-vcnin que nou% ftrOQJ fou» Ictreux n\i point ctc\ qu* n&ut frttuottt, 
encore dect itc, quoique nrMdciiuiirnjt collhcc dam le Jardin dc Kcw t et confcncc nuintcnini 
■ ljti* VI In bier du Chevalier ILi:ik«. On devroit Tinfifrcr pantii le* premiere* efpece* din* 

\c Syjfft+t I'fftfafyJiwm ci On tKtit U nommrf, Afrlcpit* amplctiraults fatiit fi£i!ilitt ttliptiiti 



I 



I 









&] 



> 



K 













15 



TAB. VIII. 



PAPILIO ORTTHIA. 

AMERICAN I'll ACOCK HUTTERFI.T. 



ANTIRRHINUM CsfXJDBNSB. LINK 

CANADA TOAD-FLAX. 



4- XTMPHALZt GKJfAtJTr 

F* N. atU dcntatii Tufas: onrnilnu firpra ocelli* utrimpic duobmi primoribut fuhtiif unico. 



Its caterpillar cat* thr plant here represented, which pow* plentifully in corn- 
Itcldi In the Ipring* One of thcrn luipnxfaiJ itiVlf April ifith, changed the l«th, 
.it.il became a huttcrtiv May -4th. 'Ilii* fpecie-* continues breeding till late in ihc 
autumn, and i* TCTJ common, frequenting damp place*. 



< 



Few buttcrflic* arc more variable thin R Orjifc, at lean" frw arc more different at firtl 
fibril than thofc which cntomotogifl* of llw firll rani Imv agreed to refer to thit fpecic*. 
The moft remarkable variety i* one whole hind wing* are of a bright TjIuc. Their trauitior- 
pilots being a* yet unknown, we nmfl accede Implicitly to the general opinion, till ihrfe 
inftvU can be better examined. Tliit blue variety nuy be (ccn, though vaiily orerdonc, in 
Cramer 1 * tawdry figure, t*/, I. f. 19* / C D< 









s?r 



I 



16 



TAB- VIII, 



PAPILIO ORYTHIA. 

I.B FA 031 P'AMKRIQUE* 



ANTIRRHINUM CJXJ DENSE. LINK 
LA LlNAtKE 1>U CANADA 



& STUntALKS GKXtMATL 

1 k N* alLt dcnlatU TulcU: omnibm lujtri occllii utrinqitc duobuti praDOribuft fubtu* urtico. 






5a chenille- Ic nourrii do b plant r ici representee, qui croil abornlammcnt au priii- 
temp* ibm Ic* Icrrc* fcmec* *Ic bird. L*nc dVntrVlk* ic fufpcndit 1c 10 uVAvril, 
liibit la nWtamorpholc Ic Id. ct (c changes en pa pi Hon Ic I dc Mai. Olte efpece 
continued prwluiri-jui-jua la fin dc (autumnc; die ell trti mmmunc el Ircqucntc 

lea licux hmuiilo. 






Pcu tk pipilloai font plut rari& que Ic P. Qytku, am moiut pcu font p!u« different au 
premier coup ii*ortl que ecu* que let tntorooJogifk* du premier rang font conmnu uV rap* 
porter i ccttc dpecc* La »aricu! b plui rcrnarqtiibfc eft qu un dc cci paplllon* a les a*k» 
ufirjeure* dun bleu vif. Ixur* tnctimocpliofet tUnt juiquVi pcu coannr*. il faut que nom 
acrtdioro implicit tmem i lopiiiion gcncralc, jtitqti'i ec que ec* in wV- puiflcnt ctrc oiicux 
examine*- Cell* variitf ck bku. quoiqu il y foil cxtriinrmcnl rlurgc*, fc trouvc dim U figure 
brilbntcc dc Ccuiici, v»i I. /. 19, /. C. D. 



r/ 



I 






??f~— 



% 




■ 



'/yte~ t'U ^& M 



17 



TAB, IX. 
PA PI LI O HUNT ERA. 

AMERICAN PAINTED LADY- BUTTERFLY. 



GXAI'IIALIUM ORTUSIFOLtUM. /./AX 

BLUNT LEAVE IJ &YKA LASTING. 



P*K alts ftdxinguUttf fuVuilbomgroquc variii: poCUcb TubCui Albo rctkuUlu ocdlitquc 

tluobu*. 

ftpftio Ittotoj. fW*. £**— . m/. r. 4, 10* 



I 



Fetd* upon the curtailing. One caterpillar tied illVlf up the 25lh of April, 
changed the 201 h, fame forth a fly the tilti of Ma v. Another that did not change 
till Uic ;th of May, came out ihc irtth. Thi* caterpillar fold* and Ipint the leave* 
together like that of the Englilli Painlcd-I^dy. P. CardttL It continues breeding 
during the ftimmcr, and U very commonly feen fucking up moitlure from damp 
place* near houfc*. 



Tlii* had long been coafidfrcd at the fame fpede* with P- CrrJar, till Falriciu* leparatod 
them, and ihcir mciamorphofrt confirm hit opinion. Jt i* one of thofe inftancc* of Ameri- 
can mic&s like Jcvend plant* of llut country, being »*ry fimilar to ihvfc of Europe, but 
not the fanx. 






18 



T A II. IX. 

P A P I 1. 1 O HUNT ERA. 

LA BELLE DAME D'AHERIQUE. 






GXAF1IALIUM OHTVSiFQUVM. /./.\\Y. 



P. N* oIU ftitan£iiki;4 fulvi* all» nigroque Miiii : potiici* fubtut allx> rtticubui occlti*qtic 

duotaf. 






Fjplw ITaH™. r^ 



r i, ioi 






Vir fur rimmortrllr. Tim! chenille le fufpemlii le 25 Avril* fe eliangea le *G\ el b 
tnouche icirut lr k <le Mai. l.'ne autre uui tie. le mriajiiurphotai ijiic [■■ 7 ' ' ^' -' ■■ 
fortil le irt. Celle ehemlte plie le* fauUef ri en rrunit la bnrd* rmc <les fih <lc 
fine oomnw celle de b Welle Dame d*Anj*letem\ J\ < 'arthiL Ellc continue a pro- 
duirr pendant YM, ct on la trouve trc* cominum r mcnl pom pant L'hurniditi* de* 
licux aaueux pre* des mailbn*. 



Cclui-ct ivoit cie long-lrmpt tontidtrc comroc dc falUnl qu'une mime efpete atoc 1c 
A G*rJ*j t max* Fobriciui le* a icparc* ct lew* tiufumorpliofct cotitirfticni fon opinion. Cert 
un exempt*, catfc plulKur* auire», qui promts que )c* mfcclc* dc rAmfriouc, ninfi que 
divrrfr* pUiiie* dc ce pay*. c|uoio,ue rcflembfcmi bwucoup A ecu* dc J'Euiope, ne foalcc- 
j<iniiiit pi* <*xicVracnt Ic» mcinc*. 






■ ■ 

I 










13 



TAIL X. 



PAPILIO URSULA. 

BLACK AND BLUE ADMIRADLK BUTTERFLT. 



VACCIN1UM STAMINEUM* LINN. 

cnfcix*wooDEr> wiiomHUinr, on ma dochcbsuy. 



P, X. aliidcnttii* nigrU: polUcrt liinlx* eccrulefcenlc lafcia nigra t fubtai fuko roKubiU. 



Tim caterpillar was taken early in June feeding on tlje wild goofebcrry. It alio 
cola the wild cherry and willow. On ihc Mt1> of June it fufpvndcd It (elf by the 
Kiil, uid eluwgcd toaehnfali* on the ^ <n - ^ c butterfly appeared on the 18th, 
lldf fpecie* alio comes out of the eliryuli* early in the Ipring: 1 baft taken it on 
Hie ipth of April* Ii b not very common cither in the farvn or perfect Gate, 
llioouh found in Virginia a* well a* in Georgia. Tlic caterpillar in ilie plate i* 
lomcwhat under the full nzc. 



Pabriciu* in litv Mantilla originally ileftribtil thi* Pafifa a* belonging to the />^jV/ ( by 
the nunc of Mvmmx* The wjut of tlie connrciimj iicerc in the hint! wing, Mr. Jot* ** iiti- 
txjfiaut skiractcrirtic of the iwiatn t //r&fww, jivJ Ai*r/ ( (fev 7r*wC #//*nw* <$*■* A' 2* 00) 
niwcrty t*dncc* ii to tlie AjnjpUex fl and it Humid tland near 1'. i*^Ndi f with * hich it agirci 
ui colouring and Iwbii, a> wdl a* in tlic lingular protuberance on ilic /*/%;■ The Amu be* 
tray* an ainnity to the Efatu* 






H ■ 



.vtww 



20 



TAB. X. 



I 



■Y^ 



PAPI LIO URS ULA. 

I/ADMIRARLE SOIR ET BLEU, 



VACCINIUM STJHINBU& LINK 

L'AI BELLE A JtCOfcCK VCHTK OU GH05C1LLER SAUVAGB. 









a.- xrMriiJ&ES FBJLEBJTL 

P. N. alL» dcntatu nigrii : poftic;! limbo oxnaleftente fafcb nigra i fubtus fuko macubttf. 



Ccttb chenille fut iraivec dnm le* premier* jours de Juin commc die dcvoroli le* 
fcuillca ifu groteiitcr &uva£c. Kite mange auui celle* du ccrillcr lauvage el du 
ijulr- Le a de Jinn etle le lufpcndit par b queue, el <c cliangca en chrvialidc le -.'■ 
Le ppillon panil le IS. CdtC tfpi« tpiittc porcilk-mcnl fan (Vmrrcau de clirjialidc 
au commencement du print emp*; jai pri* tin pjpilltm de* le in d*A%Til* Cet in- 
ftele n'cll pas ire* commun loir dan* IVtai de brvc futt dam IVcat parfait, ouoi- 
qu on le rencontre en Yin*inic el en Gcon*ic. l^i cltctuHc dam ecttc pbnchc cil 
Unt loit pcu au dctfout de ft grandeur nalurcllc. 



I 



Fabririut tbn* la MaDtilTa a priinitivfnicnt detrit ee Pjfiikn comme appiricnanl mux 
&juit/t t foiu lc nom </ ,(tfjj*v** Jvtab il tui manque b groflc iicnurc dc laitc inlZricurc, 
cjrac^criiliquc impomntc dc M. Jones appanrmm aux Rpaitt, ///&<*», ct IXtatf, (vojtz 
Trj/u. di Li oV. /iv, J" 4 2. <fc)) f ec qui le nMuit 4r.a£tcmcnt aux Symfktl^, cl il dctroit clfv 
rang* pre* dc P* Pe/wS, dont il fc lapproehc par ft* toulcun, ion *xti ricur, auflt bien que par 
k tubercufc Gngulicr qui difunguc b nympht. La lane dccclc unc aflimtf avee W* Efziia, 












fc ^ 



Br 



I 










/ 



21 



TA B. XL 



PAPILIO C. JURFAJM 
AMERICAN COMMA BCTTERFLT. 



TILIA ALHA* AST. iiORT. KEIF. / P . 2. 230. 

WABIttV, OB WHITS MNK-TRM. 



I 



P. N- alit denuui* faVawbtrt fuM* nigra maetiUtii: rx>uiui fubtut C aurco notiti*. 

T#f4^i C. jurrun. /k 5yf T .Vir. 77a. IjI#. £wa aw*/ I*. 4. ft. 



Tin* feed* upon (lie plant called Warhcw. whieti i* very like the European limc- 
trec, except in being alwavs a low huili or 111 nib: it eat* alio the fu^ar berry ami 
the elm. It fiifprniM iui'lf by the tail May 2Qth» cliangcd 30th, appeared on the 
wing June "tit. ThU ijtecica frequent* {Vamjn ami oak uooiK but I* not v«y 
common. The butterfly Bve- all ihe winter in places of uVltcr. coming forth 
very early in the fpring. It occur* likewife in Virginia. 



v 



Fabriciut okVr* ing a tail to the html win£i of ihii Jjvr in, reformed the LinnaMn (her ifte 
e huaftcr. Bui ai the rpcennen of Liiiiueii* ha* much kf» of a projection in ih.il part, wc 
have uli-da medium term, Jak^toktis , In tbc Sjii. Nat. the fir >■ laid to come from Alia* 
I'ofbbly the Alutic kind nuv be diftmct from the American ; b-.il here uc mull ag-iiu fuf- 
pcod our deciiiun* till wc kaw twin in all ihcir fiate*. 






■i 



TAB. XI. 
PAPILIO C AUREUM. 

LA VIRGULE DWMKR1QUE. 



TILIA ALBA* AIT. HORT. KPJK K 3* 130. 

LK TILLKL'L JILAKC 



P. N\ alia ikntati* fubcaudalU fulm uigro micuLiU; poftiett fultfut C aiifto ntfiti*. 



L\ chenille, fc nourrU de la ptante appellee Wariicw* qui a bcaucoup dc nMletu- 
blaricr avee le lilleul que m>ti% avun* en Europe, except e quVlle tiVil jamai* qu'un 
petit arbriircau; die mange amTi !e* (entile* dujhgtir (WJ% ainli que dc forme. 
Eilc fr fufpendit par la queue le 2t> de Mai, fe tranMorma 1c 3« t el panit avee (c* 
atlea !e 7 *lc Juiri. Ccttc efpcee ffequemc le* Ucux marccagcux el les bob planted 
de ehene. Mai* rile iVeii pa% tnl* cumtnuite. Ix* pamllun ^ it tout fhiver dam 
des lieux convert*, et parott dc trca bonne hcure dam le printemp*. On Je irottvc 
auili en Virginia 

l ahriciui obierrini imc queue *ux ailct LnJerieure* dan* rettc tfpe«c p ntfocnu le caracVrc 
Iptciliquc de Liiuucu*. Mais rororuc f original de cetui-ei a bcaucoup moint <Ie laillic dim 
cetic panic, nous atom pri* uti ictmc movc[t/*&*j*k£jto. IXutt Ic Syll. Nat. U mouclv eft 
ditc venir rf Ane. Heft pofltbk que fefpeoc Auatiquc Toil ditluxic dc ccllc de rAmvriquc, 
nub il cfl 1 propo* dc fufpcndn: noue jogeroeni jufqu 4 cc que iiotti conuoilfiom Time et 
Iftutrc dan* tou* le* tau. 













■■■ . . 



; 



■ - 






r ^*V •i.XTM 



23 



TAB. XII. 



PAPILIO PASSIFLORjE. 

GREAT AMERICAN FRITtLLART. 



PA5SIFLOKA INCJRSATjt, 11 UK 

HAY-COCX. OH rLIUJICOLOUBKD PAtllOX^LOWfl 



1*. X. alU dcntati* fuUn nigro maculati*: fubtu* oawrib uig.Eiu argcuLcifa 



r. VMtiir ^-* ^f. .v* . r»?. 






0« of tliclc caterpillar* tied itfelf Up by the tail Jul* Mb. dunged to a ehrvuh* 
J>lh# came forth in iu perfect lute l?th. Thi* Iprcie* 1* tome-time* plentiful, but 
in funK- years very rare, It is not in Virginia, It* food U the mavcoek. P^ffi- 
y/iw/ inrtmiftt/i, ihc pod of which when ripe is full of feed* furrounded with pale 
ycllowiili pulp, tailing liLe an orange, but fainter, ami ia calm by many people. 
The plant i> a (roublelomc weed when it gets any footing. 






We ado;rt tJic alteration of the name of tlii* fly by Profcflbr Fabriciut, beeauie Mr* Ab- 
bot' » obferration* confirm thole of Mr. Von Rolu* * t that iu real food U of tlw pafltoo*flo«*r 
Kind i and although it may alfo cat -»\mrftr, yet bcinR found in climate* inhere that tender 
and local plant neter jj;row&, it mull certainly hire fomcthing clfc to depend on* The rof- 
fton-flower and (lie vjnr//j are both placed by JJti»;ru» in liii licterogcticout t'jfi (hwtkfru: 
He thai I not from thi* infect* feeding on both draw an argument of their affinity, and Ukdk 
of the nitnralncft of the Unruran fyflcm. That would be as little to the purpefc- a* many 
tiling tlut liave been urged agaitul tliii famous fj firm : moic efpeojllr at the penut uf iW- 
//if./ doc* not in any manner properly belong to Gjnt*frkt, but i* rightly removed, by the 
cdfbraEtd Schreter, to PatUnJri* Trigwu, the ftamina not being inferted above the gennep, 
but below iL 

* Mr, *V L rt. 












7 



24 



TAB. XII. 



PAPILIO PASS/FLORAE. 

LA GRANDE FRITII.LAIRK D'AMERItH'K. 






PASSIFI.ORA INCARNATE LINK 

I. A II.HR I>K LA PASSION COULEUR Dll CHAIR 



l < Ni ali* dcntaii* fiilrii nipro imcLiliut: fubtm maculi* triginta arrant*;:** 



vq&tTtM***. r***> /**- *~mt. r. i Co 



UaCB ilc ec* chenille* fc fuipcrulit j>ar In queue le g i!r Juitlct. fr cliangea en tine 
clirjialulc Icy, el parul dan* i**n <*tat par fa it If I*. (Vile cfrHce ctl quclqucfoU 
cummiinr ; mail certainc* anneo elle ell tri* rare. Kit** nc ic Irotivc ixl* en Vir> 
ginic. Son aliment ell la tleiir tie l.i jiallion coulcur dc eluir, Ptiffijhtrtt itiairnttttt t 
donl la cutle* quand elle ell mure, ell |ilfine de train* 1 * cnvironmV* d'uncclkiir d'aii 
iaunc luTe. dcml It* Rout rellenilile n celui dc roraner, IruTcment il eft plim tadc« CC 
quant ite dr pertiinne* en font Irnr nourriturc. Ij plantc ell unc lierbc incom- 
mode qua tid elle fe'ctablil quclquc part. 












Xou* adoptom lc chin^rment dr nom <lf rd inlcclc, fait par Jc IVofrlTirur l'auficiu*. 
IMiTOqitelttob&ri-itioitMieM.^^ lavoirvquc h wait 

rouiritnre de li chenille eft une efpeec dc rtnir dc la paluott* Et quoiquVUc fc nounSito 
aufti do vjWA\ ncanraoitts commc on la trouic dan* de* rlimiN oa ccttc flair (rutin: ct 
locale nc crott jamais it doit v a*oir crriaincmrnt quclquc autre plante qui lui fene oV nottr- 
riturc. La ileur dc la pafiwu ct la tuW/r font touic* drux pbece* par Linnteut din* la clanc 
btfecfogt 1 i le QataMir occcquc eel itrtcelc Ic nouml indilftranmcm dc eodcirx planic*, 
now n'ctt tircron* pa* un argument en Jarair dc Icnr alRnill, ni nottt rVra eonclucrom 
rim m r«cur du fyfttno dr Iinn»u*. Cch prouveroii aufli pe*i 4 cet cgard qrrtmc infinltd 
d*autie*Mifoa*iKmenUq«Unt<*tefiit t corrtw d'jutani plu* que !e genre 

de Ptffijtvr* n'jppulKtit pn>]ircnM.'nt en aucuac manirrr au GjuvUru, qu'au contrairc i\ ell 
aire nKon tenvoje par 1c cc1c1>tc Schrcber, a Ptnw*JfM Trigtiij, U* cUmine* nVunt paa 
placccs an deflu* du gemwj maU au delimit. 

* f *v. ^ flW 



r^ 



\ • 









I 



R 



r > 







■~-^:-*^v_r_-< 



25 



TAB. XIH, 



PA PI LI O AREQLATUS. 

ULUE-SPOT BINGtET BOTTERFIT, 



ANDROPOGON NUTJSS. I.IS& 

U HOOFING ANDROPOflON 



SATVKt. rj&fii 



P. S-alUintq^rrimi*j fiipea fufcn immacuhti*: mbtut tfrigacoinmuni marptuNfar cifrulu*. 
qui Kluicni primoribu* ocelli* quatuon port ki Hex: iittmncdii* rlongatt*. 



Fig CDS on the Amtrrtpo&m nutans, but lian not been obfervrd in Virginia, though 
this graft grow* there. 'Hie caterpillar changed May 93d, tin- fly appeared June 
lit. It frequents the fide* ©f rivulets or hnmh*$* *» they are called in Ame- 
rica* 



Wr Itatc not been aliJc to eldest this fly in any fyflcni.itic writer, nor i» there a rtau: t 
it hi Crauxr. II csilH howeve* among Mr. Joik** taluibjc drawing*, but ha* pot till now 
received a pmc. Wc luvc preferred one cxprcilirc of iu clwaclcT, to any vague or more 
fanciful denomination* 

Its placr ii between P. Pkwk* and S<f t Hut. FaV« Entom, emend. Vol. 4, 2lp; for it* 
rtlh*i ihN*Ariifou r u itirely ill placed by Liimxitt among hi* iXcnti f/Jthf* 



II 



A U 



I" 1 * ■ 



26 



TAB. XIII. 



PA PI LI O AREQLATUS. 

LANNKUIT A TAC1IES BLEUES. 



ANDROPOGON SU TA JV& L I S K 
LK flARBUtf PKNCHi 



SATTRI. RiJTJT. 



1 ■ 5* -iti* mtrgrrrirm*! fupra fuicii imtnicutitti: fubtu* ftrtga coinmuni nurgincquc cireulif- 
quctrftacebt primoribut ocelli* quatoor; poltkitlcx: intcmicum ciongitit. 



Si: notirril fur le Harbon penehi*, main i! n*a t*a* e(tf* obtene en Vin*ini«\ quo! que 
cctlcbcTte v raritfe. I-a chenille le mf'tamorphoiA Ir ^l» Mai; ct le papjllon wimt 
1c 1" de Juin. Celut*ci foSjiicnle le* bonJ*t de* nihil mux, ou cc qu'ilt aivpellcnt 
en Ami'rique bnmrltes* 



1 



Xou«nVixupU(UGOumrcc1tcrnouchcdintit^in^fi^i[i lyrteiiutiqtie, « il n'vuln. 
Cramer Aurtim: figure qui lui leticiuhlr. Elk cxifte nJ juniuic* parmj !c* excellent* licilWm 
dc M. Jones nuU Jufqu'ici die n'i pa» encore retju de turn* Noiw i*on» prtftn; iui nom 
qui exprimdi fan caraclete, 1 unc denomination vague et punrocm de frnuitic. 

Si pbec eft entre 1c ft Ama ct le &tf/ro/, Fabr. Enlora. einend. V, a. 310; car fori aJ- 
IWc Ifrfrrantkis, eft ccrtainemenc mal pbece par limucu* panui fa ZXnur/gf/w. 






'-t^V ^' 






^Jl 



:*■- v 



»• 



I 

I 










27 



TAB. WW 



PAPILIO FAVONIUS. 

AMERICAN BROWN HAIR-STREAK BUTTERFLY. 



QUERCUS RUBRA. LINN. (L AIT. JIORT. KFJt\ /;,. $S?I 

■Mn.n OAK. 



fl. PLEBJ&l ItVRAtES LtS\\\ HESPSMM *. KJM 

P. P. alii fubcauditii fofts rulro maculati*: fefatUi rincrcU mrilqur Arigii dttabmilbUi 
pofiich fafrU fobmarKuuli Mn angulo ani orrulto. 



FUDI on the forked leavrd black jack, and other odi (bunged April 2d. cV» 
out in Ihc ported llatc tbc 13th of May. Ii is not a very common fpcdtB. 



By the firtl mentioned oak we uke it for granted Mr- Abbol rooan« that reprcknted in 
the figure, which if <V™ ntrj, and corao ncarrft to the rariety ft of /rVr. AW, 

Thin little butterfly tnuft be infctted between the.f/mof Fabricitw and tbe Q^^/, it 
fcetm very nearly allied to U»c former, thoofch fotncwfaat dirTerrnl in all iU three lUte*. U b 
alto very near RthJ* and JM of Linnata*, but ire think the cbaracler* given aboie will 
fotneicntty diliiitguiih it* 



-J 






\V\' ■*■ 



28 



I 



T A H. XIV 



PAPILIO FAVONIUS. 

LA RAIE CAPII.I.AIRF. BRONE D'AM^RIQUE. 



QUF.KCUS RUBRA. LISS. ft. AIT. 110 RT. KKIt'. I'. 3. 3iJ I 

LB CIIKSE fcC ABLATE 






0. FLKB&yi ItVRMKS. LIXX ItKStKKlA ft. FJRJt. 

P. I\ atli fubcaodili* fufei* fuko roaculaft*: fubtu4 cincrtt* titrtiquc flrrgit duibm albt+; 
pofticn fafcia fubiturgiiuli fuka angulo ani ttrruleo, 



Vir fur kjcan noiraux feuillc* ftmrrhuc* et furled auim chcnc», L*nc dVntr rllr* 
le rlunuca k 23 Avril. el panil en ion e'tal par fa it k 13 0c Mai, Cc n eft pa* unc 
cfpeceire* commune. 



Par If chi-nr dont 11 eft pule ci-tkflu*. imki* itippofon* cotnmc une rko(e com nine irec 
M» Abbot qifit emend eehii qui eft rcprtfente* dun la figure, qui eft Ic (£*/'*** /uArj, e* fc 
rappewhe bcaticoup de la varifte* 3- <k tfort* AVit. 

Cc petit papillon iloil {tru imert entrc k fym «k Fabriritu el 1c Quota; ; il limbic etrc 
allrf dc tte* |*e* au premier, quoiqu il en ilitlcrc tanl Toil peu dim torn fes troit tttt*i il jp* 
jiroche aulFi beaucoup du /fr/aie ci du Pirni de f jnnxus ma» noiu penConi que lea caw- 
terca exprtrocs ci-detfct le diflingucrout *iTca- 



^ ' w -^r*ULXJ 



9 






K 










H 



29 



T A B. XV. 



PAPILIO A RG /OLUS. 
LITTLE BLUE ARGt'S BUTTERFLY, 



K It Y TURIN A II Eli HAVE J. LiNK 



P. P. alia eraudatU ftipn omdctl MiJ&M nigris fobtu* dnerto-aTteda pu«Ai» nigrii 

cUTpcrDj, 



The caterpillar wa* taken failing on llw phut Here reprcfented: it alfo cat* the 
red root or red thank, but ii rarely tn be met vrlth, though the btittcrllr ii often 
fecii both in Georgia and Virginia. Its firtt Change look place on the itith of June, 
and the riy appeared nine day* a t'lenvardB. 






Tiwt thi* i* certainly 1*0 other tlun the ^m&/ of Lbnaw, an Knglhli infcrt, appear* 
from hi* own cabinet. We do not anfwer fox iu name in other writer*, and therefore haw 
not juried any fynonjm- Nothing U more pmkioui than tl>c too ufuil way of copying 
fynonyrm «(>on trull without cttlfliMttan, by wliich we fo faxtucntly find not only crroii 
of judgment propagated from one author to another, but alto error* of the prcfij by thefc 
lart focli indolent pbgtarict are fure to be detected- 









[£ 

+* 



so 



T A II. XV. 



PAPILIO A KG 10 L US. 

LE PETIT ARGUS BLEU, 



■ 



iRYTHRINA IIERHACEA. I.1XS. 
L'tfVTTBIINI HKItllACfcL 



i • P. alii c.uililU (tipri CXiulcui roifgine nigiii; fiibtm cincico-albtdii punciu nii'iii 

difj-crTn. 

r.pnio Aigldw. (k f«i. Mr. 190. 






[ui chenille fut priic commc clle rongcok b plantc ici ligurce; die mange autTc la 
racinc rouge, mai* il cil rare dc la reoconlrer. tjuoiqu' on trotivc (buvetit lc panillon 
foil en Oconee foit en Virgiic-ic. Sa pranltat transformation arriva le 10 de Jiiin, 
el l.i mouctie panit neuf jour* apre*. 



Ce pjpilfon cfc affiircnicnt YJr(niui ik liiuiaw, infeeVAagtoU: pOiiriVn convatnerc il 
fuiHc dc cotilu'icr foci cabinet- Koiu ne pretention* pa* affigncr 1c notn que lui <Joruii.nl Jr» 
dtlTc/rn* cmccun, e'ert pourtiuoi noun n avou* bacardl ancum fjnonymr*, Kicn dc jdui 
perntcicux que b eoutume trop gtfncralc de copier «ie* fjiionymc* fur la bonne foi dc* »ulxca 
On* aucun cxameo : cVrt ainfi que k font uanfaufa d*un rami * lautre non fculcuKm ccct 
crnim de jugctntm, maw dr* crrcun oceafioantci jur dc» fautc* tTutiprcflion i ce* dcraiercj 
font bicn propm * decekr cettc race friocantc dc pfag*iairr*. 



p 



' 













■ * 



. 






si 



TAB. XVI. 



pa pi li o or HO. 

BROWN AND YFLLOW SKIPPKR IHJTTERFI.Y* 



S [SYR I ISCHIUM BRRMUDiAXA. LIXX 

SMALL tlSYRtNCIUUaf. 



P. P. alii divaricatb ftifri*: bafi fulfils dilco laritwjuc maculi* fubqiiadratit davit. 






Tin* caterpillar WW taken upon the S!J}'rinthittm, but i« mofl frequent on crab 
grafc f Puriiaim fttngiriitrtlej. On the lt»lh of Aupull it fpun ihc Ica\c* toge- 
ther for a uVltcr, like the rert of tins tribe, changed the nexl day, and on the 
Soih the butterfly came forth. It b alio a native of Virginia, and the tfy b not 
uncommon on variou* kind* ot blofloms* 

This fly haa confalerahle affinity with that in the next plate, and lull more with tl* Un* 
i^n/ > .£«wv, at kail fticb iaihe appearance ofihit figure jail aborcthccntcrptll.tr, which 
alfo com* fo near the defer ii«ion of Fabfieiut"* Tfcawn, we an? almort perfnaded they mull 
be the fame* Wc certainly caiuiot but trurt to Mr- Abbot for the uppctmoll figure not be- 
ing a diiliiiet fpeeie»; but if it ihould Itereafter prore fo, our ipccifc character will 1*11 apply 
to tlut figure, and ihe lower one, if not 7%raht/, will require a new name, and a cliaraeler 
in which the uitcricctal black line of the uj>per wifljft and the orangc-eolouted tlidt of the 
under one*, rtwriVI be comprehended. 






p 






£■% 






8 



TAR XVI. 

PAPILIO OTIIO. 
[,E SAL'TECR BRUM GT JAUNE. 



tSYHlXCHIUM UERMUDisiSJ* LIKS. 

la Ennnunn:NNt 






*•. FLERtyi VRRICOLJL /-/AW. UF.SPF.RIA K MM 

P. 1\ id divaricaib fufcia: bail AiWitt difeo wrinque roarutu fubquadraiit flavin 






Cerrc cbctiilk Tut prifr for to lknrnidiciu>r; mail elk crt plu* ordiroircincnl fur 
IcpanU lunguin ( Puniatmjiinzithuile}* l> ityd'Auut nu mover* dc ill* dc loic, cite 
jtr.n hi dc* fcuilks cntcmbk pour fc faire un abri, commc Ic relic dc Crttc fajnilk; 
ft ( Jungca lc jour fuivant, ct k 3o k papillun fortit. Ccl inleclc cil siulli nature I 
en Virvinic, el on rencontre IvuvcnC k pttpillun fur ditTr'rrnLra elt^ee* dc tkur** 



Cciic nioudic a l<aucoit[i d anSmti awe celk que Yon voil figurfc daw U ptanehe fui- 
vaitfc, rt encore plu* avce k J*. Oi*v.\j dc Linnrcut, an nioin* telle d\ rappatence de ccttc 
figure qui eft precitfmem audefiu* *le la tbrnilk, qui apptorbc aulTi de f\ prea de la dc* 
fcfiption du Tlflrtui dc Fabririu*, que noua locunica pcclqur pcrfuadca que ce doit ctrc la 
memt, Nou* ik i»ouvona cciuirtrmcnt que now en raj>poacr a M, Abbot quand it pretend 
que U figure la p!u* i!c*l ( c nVll point unc cfpccc diiuutfci Mai* fi cela vcnoii 1 clrc dcc&u - 
vm duu la iuile, nouc caracVrc (pfciltquc a'apptiqucra pai£ai:ctnmt a c<Uc figure, ct Fjii- 
ftricutc* fi on Dc la dtnoinrooil pa> TA-imji, Ixigcra un nouvcau nom, ct wi carj&ere od 
la li^nc noire trantcrfik dc* ailc* fupenrttrca, rt k dilqur coulcur d'orcupc dc* in&rieurc*, 
doiivm r^ecfTaircracnt cntrcr. 



33 



TAB. XVII. 



PA PI LI O FITELLJUS. 

BROWN-BORDERED TF.LLOW SKIPPER BUTTERFLY. 






PA X ICUM CR VS-GJLL L 

THICK-SPIKED COCKSFOOT PANIC GRASS. 



P. l\ al» divarieatii fubi*i priumibm macula media nurgmeqot ; poftkii limbo fufeij, 

JUr. 



rjpUioVtatfa. r^teinirin;) 






Feeds on the panio graft figured, and on the buiFulognff, at length folding the 
love* together for protection. It fpun itfelf up Jul/ 25, dunged 27. came forth 
in its winged rtatc Augufi 4. Thi* fpecie* lia* been found only in the pine woods 
on the north fide of Briar Creek, near Mill Town plantation. 



Hating no mode of determining thi* fly but by the defcrintion of Fabrieiui, nor any 
figure to refer to, *c hard thought it belt to affix a- mart of doubt, though the charaflm 
agree well with Mr. Abbot** drawing* ; but in fo intricate a tribe cten the bejl gWciiptioni, 
fucji J* thofc ut l*t>jkiui really are. tvill Dot a!w«m be ['ullicicni. 









■*■_ t- 



34 



TAB. XVII. 



PAPILIO VITELL1US. 

LB SAUTEUR JAINE BORDli DP. BRUX. 



PA N I C U M C* US-GJI. L L 

M I'lEIJ he coo. 



I 



r. P. alt* divaricate fuWii; primoribm macula media mafgincqiw; poftkU Umbo fufcia. 



hfflbVMhi ftfc 



ftw^r r. *. Mjl 



■ 



Vit fur I'hcrbc pnniqac figure*! ainfi quo fur Hierbc aux baffles ct fink par plier lc* 
fcuHIc* cnlcmble pour v trouYcr un abri. Kile ftla Ic 25 JuHlct. fubil (a m&aruor- 
pbofc 1c 2? t et prul av*x- des ailca Ic 4 d'AoQL Ccllc efpice n a etc* Irouvce que 
dins lc* bob dc pin du colt! fcpu-iiirioual dc Briar Creek, pros la plantation do Mill 

Town. 



N*ayatit point d'aufrt manicr? dc <lcugner ccitc mouebe qur par U description *\c Fabri- 
citt», ni aucimc figure 1 l*nucl1t* on pui(Ic la rapportrr, noui atoo* cm qu'il valoU imVux lui 
donntf an norn douicux, quotouc l« caraAcrc* ajrnt unc eonfornuie cxkIc avee let *kf* 
frin * de M Abbot ; mail dim unc bmilk auITi embroiultcc , le» meilleuro defcriptiom inciuc, 
telle* que. odlc* dc Fabricim, oc ferwit pa* toujour* futlifantc*. 



mz. ■*_ k. 'v^^x*'*^ 












m 




/* _ y< r "?d'.t 



. 






95 



TAB. XVIII. 



PAPILIO PROTEUS. 

SWALLOW-TAILED SKIPPER BUTTERFLY. 



CL1TOH1A HARIASA. LIS'N. 
LARGE KKD CL1TORIA. OB TEA VIN't 






P. P. ili* eaudati* fufo* maculU feneflrati*, aiitcnnit uncinate 



The caterpillar of this rare fpede* I diftoracd by fccin K the butterfly lay fome 
eegs upon the wild pea* vine, for the caterpillar* of all the Jpcclcs of Skippm li>!d 
the leave* together for fcfety (like the Englitli Admirable. P. Alnbutla) which 
make* them not cafy to ** ^covered. On the 2d of July it ipun itfeif up in the 
leave*, and on ihc -tth changed to a chn r&U$ covered with a bluhh white powder, 
as in the Red Undtrwifig. 'Hie ily appeared AuguA is. It breed* in auUK.ni 
only* I afterwards dilcnvercd funic of ihcfc caterpillar* on another planl ot the 
pea or bean tribe, TWl butterfly was plentiful in the year l?M, but 1 have not 
(Slice met with it. 



ThU being one of ttic inort variable fpcoe* in ibe length of it* hind wings a* well « 
general colour, h aptly iuxwxI /W«u by Umumf yet it U not really fo variable a> be 
thought, foaw of his fuppofed ratktic* being unqueflioruUy <lirtinft fprcio. 



£ 



TAB. XVIII. 
PAFTLIO PROTEUS. 

LB SAUTEUR A QUEUE D'llIRONDELLE, 



GLITOKIA MJRIAKA LINK 

CMTGftLA RGUGL 



| 



P- P* alii ttuthtii fufch macnUi fcucflraiit, antcnnii unrinarlf. 



Jt furpris 1c papillon femdlc de ccttc rare cfpccc commc il depofoit fc* cniii fur !c 
Cliiorb roupc; cVrt & rctCecirconflaticc que je doi* b decourcrtc do b chenille. 
Toutc lYfpcce de* Sntttettrs ih»* LVtat de chniille pibni !«-> fcuiNc* ct !« lunt en- 
fcmMc pour fc iairc tin alile (rommc ['Admirable Angloifc, P, Atahmta), ricn do 
plut difficile que do leu decouvrir. I* 2 dc Juliet HIM chenille fib Gi coque quelle 
attach* conlrc lo fanllcfl, ct le 4 cl!c fc racttinorphofc en chrylalide. quota (rouvc 
GOQterte dune poudrc bbnclvc limit fur le bleu, comme ila» lefpta do phaltnes 
mix ail« info'ricure* rouge*, Le papillon pint tc 18 d'Aout, II multifile dans 
Tautomne fculcmcnt. IW b luitc j ai decouvort quclquc^unes de ce* chenille* 
fur UK autre pbnte do b familte de* poU ou des feves. Co papillon Alt fort abon- 
danteii IJ&2, maU depubcctlc cpoquc jc nc lai pa* rcncomre\ 

Crtie cTpfa* *unl unc <Jc eel Ux qui varienl le plu* quant a b longueur to ailc* inferieorc* 
ct quam k b couloir, cefl a*cc raifon q«r Umueu* lui a donne le nora dc Pmwi cependant 
k proproncnt paricr die n'efl pit aufli variable quit fc Vinnginoil, qoclquci una de* wtf t& 
qu'on lui iitribuoii Aim indubJiauJcrocnt de* efpecea differentc*. 



WW^T 









'- I 










i 



'"'V %/ffaj. 



■ 



■t^— "V! 



37 
TAR XIX. 



PA PI LI O TITYRUS. 
great su,vi-:it~sroTTi-;i> skippkh iii;ttkrflt. 



KOniNIA PSKUnO-JCJCIJ. LINN. /v/tf. 

KED.1TL0WS1BD FALSI* ACACIA, 



P. P. ali* fubcaudatit fu&ii: antici* utnwmc fafria flava; potlkb fubtn* flrigi argent 



ca. 



Tin* caterpillar wis taken feeding on the wild loctiil tree the biter and of AogaA. 

It fpin* the leaven together to ircurc itlHt" tVom birds &c< likr the rrft of thlfl tribe. 
Oh the Ath of September i: ijvun up in the leave*, und became a din fa tin two tbya 
after. Thclmllcrtlvvvaaprodiiccd the totb of April following, h u alto a native 
of Virginia, but not very common. 



Although we never heard of the common AV*\™ Pfa*h~A*atu varying from it* ufual while 
colour to red, we cannot poitibly fuppofc the drawing of Mr* Abbot to reprcfrm any other 
fpecic*. a* in every oilier refj»cc"t it llriLingly and minutely agree* wiih ih.it. 

The genu* of Rtfitri* *a* named after a French botamrl, of whom the following anecdote* 
may not be unacceptable to the E-luglith reader. The jaflage i* tnnlhtcd from *WU*fa 
flf$urt 4t At Utttrmtmti par \h Jt Fifwvf'Marviilf* tJ. 4, Pmu. 171a, t\L I. 25*, the 
real author of which wort wa» a crurtrcux monk, Don Bonavcnturc d'Argotinc, the Zoilu* 
of l)c la Braycrc* 

"Jfrmxrt IMinutt keeper of the royal botanic jpjucn (it Pari*), rrat tvmihit* lie wa» 
" the nvoft curious botanilt of hit time. Hi* portrait, engraved at iheeapenec of hUfrietidi, 
"may be found with a collection of flower* and planu which he Iiad cultivated, accompanied 
"with thbdjjlidi, 

* Omw* W*b* wti 

" Qun tuiit IWfrrUm. rouhli q»* ft rtllli Itxiut. 

"" llcfturm fj*cva hnit hie unui raa 

41 He wat tine firil who railed the ^terAi in France, and he fall gaie a vogue ro tuberoic*, 
** which before hi* tunc were known only in Provence. There never was a man more totid 
* of flown*. WhMCTO fobjeft W|i mentioned to Jiim, he alnjy* turned it toward* hU fi* 
** vourile purfuit; which made M* Ruin Uy r he would occafion an alteration of the t>roicrb, 
" it rrmmJt R&hrttf kii jFt/fti, into it rrm&dt Rttrx of Ait fivitrrt* The lime M# Pa tin. called 
™ him /-umifAu Ib/ftriJiMi but a jealou* eunuch, fo jealou* of tn* flower*, thai lie bad 
v rather dcilrov their bulbs tluu communicate any to hit friends A certain imvfictan, en* 
41 raged ■! itii* illllxrality, addulled a icrj- cruel fdtirc in Latin to M. Hobiti, with tltc l<£~ 
■ lowing title: 

L 









38 
TAB. XIX. 















PAPILIO TIT THUS. 

LE GRAND SAUTBDR AUX TACHES D'ARGEXT. 



KOBINIA rS£UDO>stCJCIJ> LINN, VAtL 

I.K FAUX ACACIA A FLKUKS HOUCES> 



P. P. all* fubcaodatU fincis: antiei* utrinquc (afcia flavj; poitid* fubtui flriga argr«tcj< 

Cette chenille fill trxmvoca b find'Acnit rongeani le* fciiilln <Iu earoubtcr tiu- 
WC. Kite Ic* lie cnlrniMc par dc* lilt dc loic, et Ic tlettt dam cette petite habitation 
pour iTcti* p* la proic tic* oifraux ; procooV employe* par les autre* efpeces dc cette 
iribit- i^iuVSrptcinbrecHclcrilaunecoqiierntrclwlVuilles. ct fc transform* en 
chrvfiilidc deux jour* iprc*. l*c papiltaii n&qidi Ic 10 d'Avril ftdnuit II n'cfl pas 
trt* cofmiiim en Virginia ccpcndanl H J crt indigenc- 

Quoi^ic (too* n avom vu nullc put que Jc cornmun RtJxxkt PfiuJt-rfwij varie an point 
que, dc Wane quit dl comnitmcmcm, il foil quclqucfoU de eotilcur rouge, nou* ue potiroM 
nJanmoin* fuppoicr que 1c deflin dc M« Abbot repcefarte aucunc autre dpcec, d auum plu* 
que IbM tour. Ic* autre* rapport* la rcircrabhnce qu'dlc a avee la premiere, mtme dam lea 
ptui petit* detail** cil on nc pcut p3u* frappanlc. 

I^cenrei^^Mi^^JoiifonnojiilunbXaniflcFrin^oiii on eite a fan fujet k* ancedotct 

hmintc* quoa i»e lira tu* Jan* plaiEir. lx paifrgc eft lire dc* MtUtja Slffivitt tt dt 
JJttifdtntt, tar M 4 dt Ptg»nd'&£jt\ m illt, hi.** Paw, 17*25, /V. 1.253, le veritable autcur dc 
cet owragc eft un cJjanrcux Dom Bonrutcnture d'Argonnc, le XoUe dc la Biuyerc. 

"/pjm*<* R*iv.vNt t rardc du j.mlisi royal dc* plintcs tffit fttowAw. CVtojt ic p3ut curteux 
" botanirte dc Ton tern*. On a foil portrait dam un rccucil ik new* ct dc plan to iru'il at yii 
" eultiuVs grave" par lea Coins dc fe* ami*, avec cc diftiquc : 

** Oman hf rtot nni. 
'Qvolltablvfproltw, imbA qtM fntllh l«T«i t 
- Ilrrhtndn fjrortapiUfcfc BHttMfc. 

" 11 eft Ic premier qui a clcvc fAtMi* en France, et qui a donnc" la vogue aux tul>5reufe» t 
" qu'on nc eonuoirToit qu'en I'rovence. Jamai* bomme n'a M plu* cuttle" dc rteur* que ce* 
"luWli. DcquclqucchofcquonluijufUt, il en rcxenoil toujoura i f* grippe: ecquitaifoll 
« ilirr i M. PaaiB, qu'il fcroil chinger Ic proixrbej ct qu'on ne diroit plus itfi^itns J 
" Jt*ti*JtfsiJixftti maUp tJfrfnitHt 1 R*fcn &//* /wt. Lc memc M» Patin rappclloii 
14 KwMtfluj Jfrff+ttinmt ma!* un cuntjque ploux, et fi jaloux dc tcs llciirf, qu il aimoil ruicux 
** en cVrnfer le» caVeux, que d'en tairc port a fes unit Un n^deein enrage dc tcUc dureuf, 
« lui adretfa unc iatirc Laiioc tnS crucllc avec ee litre i 

* JiMui EtoUw ioUm nnfjfjnli InkwhTi oti**~ 



Z-Xll 











f 













39 



TAD. XX. 



PAPILIO LYCIDAS. 

WHITE-BORDERED SKIPPER BUTTERFLY, 






HEDYSAKUM VJNtCULJTUM. LINK 
TAKICLED HEITYSARVM 



P. P. alii fubcaudalU fufen Digro dcntaii*; primoribui mrinquc fafcia Ibva; noflieit fuUm 

lull fnito ncbulolu exim a!bi". 



^r * 



; 



PfiED* on the Hafyfarum called Beggar's licr. from the frnb flicking 10 impic** 
clothe*. It changed to a chrvfiriia Julv lo f and to a butterfly 23d- Tlria i^mmi- 
rnon ijreiea, and continues brecdinj* moll part of (he fummcr. 



Tbe plint here rcpreiVnted ran be no other tluti U* fusintfjtxa, though the leave* arc 
broader tlvui in il>e fptximen of Linnras and but ill agree with hi* definition. 

The inft& U allied to P. Tuynv, to /^f /w Fair, and Tfojt Litui* but uc bdicrc it per- 
fectly nondeleript, more efpeciatiya* to are informed by Mr, Jone* that Profcflor Fabdda^ 
in making description* from bit drawing*, | oiled over the figure of I hi*. 













40 



I 
I 



TAB. XX. 



K 



PAPILIO LYCIDAS. 

LE SACTKCR HORDE DE BLANC 



HBDYSARUM VJNICVLJTV\L L/\X. 

L'HEDYSARUH TAMCULlt 



P. P. ali* fubcautbtit fufcU riigrodcnlatEti primoribui utrinquc fafcb fits a i |X>fiicit fubtui 



S« iMHirrit fur rfUt\vJarum appcllc jmu du Mcndiant r parce que le* grained |*at- 
lachent aux lubil*. KIk* fe Ifitmftomti en une chrjGliilc le in Juilkt, ct 1c raiiil. 
Ion Ibrtit le 2.1, Cdlo-d oil DM cfpccc commune qui continue *i produirc durant 
la I'lus grandc parlic dc r*ftc\ 

la plinte ici rcpnffcntfc peot btcn n'ctre pa* diflifrentr du H.ftmuAf/wv. qnoique lc* 
fcuillc* fosent pint Urge* que cdW dc rorigina) dc liimx^u*, rt t'jccordiiiL mal avee fa defi- 
nition. 

L'infcAc eft allic an i\ T*tjrui t a FEfitut dc Fabriciufl, <i au 7V-n dc Litinmus itui* 
nou* penfon* que jufqu'ki prrfennc nr I** dcVrit, d'auiant plu» que nmn frvont par M.Jono 
que lc Profcffcur Fafariciw, fciftal U cfcJcriptioo dc fr* drtlemt, a mil U figure dc <dui-ci. 






£ 



_ •> 



n3 



1 

i 






fa 



fc 




hi 
S 



/ / 

■ 



P 






41 



TAR XXI. 



U 



PAPILIO JUVENALIS. 

DINGY SKIPPER BUTTERFLY. 




GLYCINE BLL1PTICA* SOFA •?/> 

ELLIPTICAL GLYCINE 



P. \\ alii ccaudatls fufcis: primoribtn atro maculaiis alboquc puwftaiift* 



Fei:ds not onlv on the plant here represented, but alio on others of the* Cinic clafs 
find folds illelf up in the leaves, in which fltuation one of them Ipun ilfclf up 
Ju!v 20 r changed 27. anil came oui Au^ull & Some lhat rnctolcrt thcmlclvc* in 
September and October did not come out c ill the 22<l of March following. The 
fame infee) is a native of Virginia, and in its winged tlatc is very common in the 
ipnm* on peach and plum blotlbins. It will alto come and luck damp places in 
the vards about houlcs, and the margins of running uTcams in the roads* 



The figure with white fpott U like lhat in Mr. Jones'* drawing*, dricribed \n r^belein*. 
The other, we rjtcfumc, on il« authority of Mr. Abbot, to be cither a fexuai deference, or 
a ^aricir. 

litis Ghtmr, received from Kalm f i* referred in the Linwcan lietbaiium to tm*fi ¥ which 
fpeeie* Linnou* took up entirely ftoni Gronovius without hiving fern ii, and which indeed 
we believe* on the authority of origin*) fpcomens in the Gronoviiu herbarium, to be by no 
means dirttnel from G. »*r « * fl i of Unrumn (frtff/aU of Sp. PI, cd. I*). A* however alt that 
I#inrurui has laid of this fpecie* refer* to the plant of Gronoviufi and even the ihott oblcrva* 
lion in Syll. Vep- 1* taken from ihe Flora Virginia, and not from KalrxT* fpcorocn, we have 
thought il bell to pw a new name to lhat fpecimen and our figure, and to drfinc it/: Air t/r- 
rrrj/ij i fiJh&t rUipidi fibtai ft&Jit tLntfjj, rMmt itxriltfihrt t ffnammha Entdriha, 



M 



TAB. XXL 



PAPILIO JUVENILIS. 

LE SAUTfiVR TBBKE. 



GLYCINE ELL1PTICA. SOFA $P. 
LA QLYCINK MtLHTJaUfc 



P. I\ ali» ecaudaU* fufcU: primoribui alro maculati* ilbocnic tKinctatit. 

Flj£b Jcmuli*. FJr, F*t*i ««/♦ 1*. < a*> 






Sk nourril non fculcrucnt fur la plantc ici representee, mats autli liir ptufiair* au- 
tre* dc l.t mtmc ctarTc, ct Vcnvctoppc tiara to fcutHc*: dan* cette lituation uuc 
fFattrdkfl fib lacoquHc jmIi* Juillct, Ic m&amorphofa Ic27>ct parut Icad'AoCit. 
Qnclourn-unr* ttwi 1c rrnlcnncrent en Scptembrc et en Oclobre, nc parurcnt «ue lo 
22 dc Mar* de I'anncc fui vantc. Ix intmc infeetc eft original n- dr Virginia ct dart* Ton 
clat tic pa pi I loo on 1c voit tr£* fouvent dans 1c prin temps fur Ic* tlcur* de pechcr ct 
de prunicr. On Ic rcnconirrra auili din* le* licux humidc* dans les cour* pria 
dc* mailom, ct Ic long dc* couranl* d*cau dans Ic* chcroin* * 



it 



La figure avee dc* tachc* bland** reifariblc ft ceile que Ton voit dan* Ic* dtflciiii dc M. 
J one*, ct qui cfl decrite par Fabriciu*. Quant A l*autn\ fur I autoritc dc M< Abbott nou* 
croyen* quelle reprefente unc difference do iVxe, ou unc varic'ic*. 

Ccttc GAmc, qui rtout vient de Kalm* eil rapnori£c dam TlicrbtcT dc Liniwit* refptae 
*?m?&, qiirLirinjcu* a lirte en cntirrdcGronoviu*. fan* Tavoir vocdc fc* proprc* vcua, rtquc 
ventabkrnrnt noiu croyon*, fur 1 auloritc do individut onginiux dc rixrUtr dc GfOrtovitu* 
etre ablolumcnt la rncinc que Ic G. h^^j dc Li&ium* (//..v/'j/j dc Sp* PI* cd. I.J. Commc 
itfant noi t» tout cc que Linwu* a dit de cellc efpece Ic rapportr k la plantc dc Gronotlui* d 
mtmc que la couitc observation dun Ic Syit. Vcg. cil crnprunicc de la Flora Yiry t itiiea* ct noti 
do roriginal dc Kalm, nout ivoot |*coic qu'il vilott nucux dooncr un nouTcau nom a cet 
individu ainfi nu*l nottr figure^ ct adopter la definition j$ku itmttUz fihJu tUtfluti Jkhlm 
fiiifit rttmnif fMmt tiiillj/ifujt irrnYffmfots Ihtfjrthtt* 



OC3 









G?\ 



ffl 



1 







#«J 






-I.-J 



TA B. XXIL 



PAPILIO BATHYLLUS. 

BROWN SKU'I'KR BUTTBKJNrT. 



GLYCINE RETICULATA. SirARTZ PROD, ioj. AIT. BORT. KBIT. T.3.J 

NCTTED-LBAVBD GLYCINE. 



P. P. ali* ccaudati* fufcu! primoribu. imculi* fcivdlwli* uuxlntis albi'; polio* fubt 

undale-licbuloli*. 



Li' 



Tii is caterpillar feed* on ihe wild bean here rcprefcnled, and foWl U* leave* toge- 
ther for u retreat. The dipper caterpillar*, to conceal ihemlclvc* ihc better, ge- 
nerally attach together with a web the leave* of fume other pbul growing next to 
Hut Ihey feed on. which render* them difficult lo be met with. Tim fpedea 
changed Ihc llth of June. The butterfly liberated itftlf tlie l-ltli. It occurs alfo 
in Virginia, and a one of tlie moll tonimon of it* tribe. 



The name of Jam*! in Ibe UA page led u*. a* we. «« treating of the lkippu>g tribe of 

butterflies to recollect hi* 

— ^ „t..... n.,.^- A. 6 ci. 

* 

and it «• impoffiblc to refill E i.ing the name of that tarn dancer, the VdlrU of lu. time, 
,o the nc«fpeci« before ut. The lame train of idea* h» occatol the infc* in the next 
pWc to be called A»m. from a name to U found in the Cme t* S M a few line* after ft./M- 
fe, and foiled to indicate, not the celebrated tragic poet, but foroe faroow actor j in whxh 
hll application «e illume it. 



. 



44 



TAB- XXII, 
PAPILIO BATHYLLU S. 

LE SAUTE UR BR UN. 



GLYCINE RETICULATA SIVARTZ PROD. I03. AIT. IIORT* KEW. K %. 3fc 
LA GLYCINE AUX FF.VJLI.I& fltTICVLtoS- 



P. P. alii ecautlitii fuioft primoribm maculi* fcncftnni qusdrstii albis; pofttcit fubius 

until : o* nebulous. 



Cettk chenille fc nourril fur la fcvc iauvagr ici rcprcTcntcc dont die plic ct lie «i- 
fcmblc Ics fcuillc* pour fc fair* unc rctraitc. J^s chenilles fiutcufes, pour fc micux 
archer, joigncnt ordiuaircmcni enlcmblc par mi liffu lc* lenities dc quclquc autre 
ptanlc qui emit pre* do <:ellc fur hqudlc dies vivrnl, ec qui Ics rend difficile* a 
trouver. CcUe eipece fc transforms 1c 1 1 dc Juiri. Lc papitton fc drgagca dc Ion 
fourrcau 1c 1*1* Oti trouvc aulE ecl infc&e en Virgmjc, el il cti un tics plus com 
muits *k eeUc famillc. 



Lo nom dc Juvenal dont on a £ilt mcatEou dins U page prfr Alcaic noiu a conduit, comine 
nous tnviu'on* cV b fimillc liuieutt dc* papiilons, a rappclkr fou 



>»AUt£ttKMh:K ^lO- i 



ct il froit impofliblc dc nc pis donner k nom dc tt brocux danfeur, le Vcrtm dc fon tempt, 
1 Is nonvellc cfpeec que nous svom fous J« ycux- I* roerac fuite d'idecs a frit DOcumcr 
jfftatt rinfccV que Ton voil dim li pUnehc UHTintc, d'un nom qu*on trouvc dins 1c nsemc 
suleur fitirique quelqiw* tignc* jpre* B*lhyllxt t ct qui eft foppofc iudiqucr non le celebre 
pocic tragiquc, niab quelquc frmcux a&cur. 









*a 



1 



m 







s 



' 






45 



TAB, XXIII. 



PAPILIO ACCIUS. 

BROWN CORN SKIPPKR BUTTERFLY. 



GLYCINE FRVTBSCENS. LINK 

9I1RUBBV CLYCINF, 




\ 



i 



P. P. ali* ffiuiLtii firftit : prixnwibu* punftit froe flniU* all**; fubtn* omnibu* apiee pur* 

purto- pal k-fcen i i but. 



Tim wa» taken in June on the beautiful climbing Ihrub here delineated, but in 
moll commonly to be met with in the chrvJalis Rate on the blades of Indian corn, 
fea Mays, in which it enfolds iilcll". It changed lite ?\\\ of June, and came out 
the 2^th, It b alio found in Virginia, but is not near fo common as tl»c la A de- 
scribed. 



TJtc tribe of bwttrrflk* to ulurh this and tbc neighbouring ones belong it remarkable for 
U»c Haider neck of the Atro, and a certain ftimlicudc between the duTctent fjwtict ruin 
through all tlicir flatc*, particularly the pellucid fpou on tlic upper wings* 






y 



46 



I 



'r 



FAB. XXIII. 



PAPILIO ACCIUS. 

LB SAUTECR BRUX DES BLED& 



GLYCINE FRUTESCENS. LINK 

LA GLYCINE LIGNEUSE. 



F. P. ali* OMiiditl* fufid* : primoribu* punftu fcwflraui *lb«; fubtui ommbu* aptec pur- 



Cclm'i ■ : fut ir.ii- m Juin far lc Item buiilou j*rinHMi]t i**i figiirr, maift on In 
trouvc plus communcmenl dam IcUt dc rhryfahrti* tur k Ulcd Indico, Y*tn Mtiys. 
applic|ii6 contrc lc» itgcs ft envetoppcc ibns les fcuiilcs* Bile fubit fa nietamorphotc 
lc 21 do Juin, ct forth lc i>i>. On to irouvo audi en Virginie; nmi* die n'cli pa* a 
bcaucoup prta li commune <pic celle <n*e nou* venom de decrirc. 



I»a tribu dc nipUlon* a laoudlc ipparticnnent cetic efptec ct lc* fui rantct c(l rrourmublc 
par lc col cmlc" dc b Unt, ct oti ob&xvc cntrc les difference* rfpecei uoc ecrtainc rcOcmbUnfc 
dint too* Icon cut** pxtiiculicrcmcnt dc* tacho Iraiifrorcxitc* fut Its allci fuptf rituro dc 
Pftftruc tow left papiJIom* 



w 



:* 




r * 

it 



* /*— ■ 



- -s*- 



47 



TAB. XXIV, 



PAPILIO C/tTV LLUS. 

BLACK BKIPPEH BDOTEBFLr* 



[QNAKDA rUSCTJT.L LINK 
iroTTED HQKA4PA* 






P. P,«l» rotuwblbintcscmiitj«atri*: prinioriba* >lbo TMinlUliif poilicii flriga punftorum 

•JLUftUBk 



r*fii» c#u»Uu*. m*. 



r ^ ««. 



FttD* on Uonarda pwiflnhi, &<% (pinning itfrlf tip in llic Ibldril leave*, in whidl 
Site one of theft caierpilluB chingcd Ibe ifiihof June, and appeared on the wing 
thczoth; another l~pun and ehanjeed JuU ' ?{>■ ami eatne out the 4tb of AuguR, and 
a third which encloied itfirlf September 14, appeared in the middle of March, Tin- 
butterfly frequent* gardens and lieM* among melon bloiTom*, and i* alio found in 
Virginia. 

Mi. Abbot mention* origanum, common and red earelcov Hid lamb'* quirtcr*, ft* the 
food of this infect, plant* whole fcknlific name* wccaivnot certainly Pennine* though (hey 
might be fiudlbJ at, Pcf tup* the Urtt may be the pretty Mutant* pmihu, on which he !u* 
drawn the caterpillar. 






tufl 






TAB. XXfV. 
PAPILIO CATULLUS. 

LE SAUTEUR NOIR. 



MONARDA PUNCTATA. LINN. 

LA MOXARDE TACHHTlli; 



I 



P. P. alii rolundati. inugcmmb aim: nriaoribw albo pmAatiii poflicb flriga punflorum 

albo rum. 

Pa^to CutiDa. ftfe £— «i, r. 4. j«. 



Vit fur la Honarda punSala. &e. lilanl £ coque mire dcs fcuillc) qn'dle a 
cu Ian dc plicr. Dans cellc ligation one dc ces chenilles fc iransforma lc ifl dc 
Juin, cl fill en clal dc voter lc 20: uoc auirc fib cl fc nrfiamorphoC 1c Sfl Jrillet, 
CI forlil dc G. coquc lc S d'Aoui; cl unc troittac enfir. qui fc renferma lc li dc 
Scptcmbrc, parut a la mi-Mar*. 1* papilla, fiVquenie 1« jardi.,* el le* champi; 
on lc roit volligcr aulour <le» Hours dc melon; ct on lc inure Will en Virginia. 



t* pkme* que M. Abbo. dflip* feu, |„ nom. fsngM, dc «— „ rt W W,*, « 
de W» p«r/„,, fooi U nonrrmire dc eel infcfle, nous nc pouwa, ditermuw cerubc- 
mcui que!, font k* rom, fdcnliliquc dc cc. planto, quoiquc doui Buiffiou k. conjeehurr. 
Prat-Are que la premiere eft 1. jolic iAmirS, /mtthu fur hqucllc il a demuc U rbcnillc. 



ES 



1 



14 



td 







Mi 



»-. 



> • ■ 






49 



TAB, XXV. 



SPHINX EXCJECATA. 

AMERICAN EYED HAWK-MOTH, 



ROSA CjiRQStlNA. LINX 

CAROLINA IIOSIL 



I. LEGITIME, ALiS ASGVLATI& 

S« alii anguine dcnfjeubtb: pofikU rufi* ocelli caeruko cpupilUtOr 



Tiif, caterpillar \w taken in October* fettling on the wild rofe, ft. t/iroiina. It 
likcwjfc caw the eoraraon garden nrfe and the oak. On the joth of Oelober it went 
into the ground, and the moth came forth (he 30th of April following. Though 
found alfo in Virginia, it is a rare fpeeie*. Thi* moth dilfrra from the English 
S. occilttht chicfy in bring fcnlloped. 



Bcfidrt the mod cffcntial difference between the $, w/Htte and our aumfr, which con* 
fifl* in the wing* of the Utter being Jcallopcd, tbccrc-likc fpol to our* it of an uniform blur, 
encircled with black, but dcftitulc of a dark fpot t or pupil* in the middk. Although the 
leading marks of llic fore wing* in both Iuve a very great rcfcmbJanee, j*t they are not the 
nunc, and the liindmoft edge* of thofr wingi arc rrmarkiWy different. The brown nurk on 
the lltonx in S* wdliU i* much braider and more firaplc than in oun. 

Mr. Dniry in hi» admirable work, F*t, 3. /• 13, /. 2. 3, hi* figured one, and called it 
utlhim frinxtftvfit* the wing* of which ore not denticulated, but aneulitcdj \xt not in ibe 
Himc manner at in «*fitfr f to which however it u mora near!) allied in every refpe& than 
oun it, and Profdfor tabricius quotes it a* $* utlktij without ant fcrupJc. 






:•'-■ 






B 



so 



TAB. XXV. 



SPHINX EXCMCATA. 

LE SPHINX DEMl-rAON D'AMERIQL'E. 



ROSA CAROLINA. /./AW. 
1-A HOSE PR IA CAROLINE. 



I 



I. L&GITtXA -**" AXGVLATI& 
S. alii anculidt dcnticulitit: pofiicb nin* occllo cavulco cpupillilc 



L< chenille fut prifc en Odobrc comiw rile mangcoil les fcuilles du roller lauvage, 
I! Carolina* Eilc mange aultt YolcmUcrs les feuiltc* <!u roller commun des jardin* 
aintl que ceilca du chenc. Lc 30 d'OAobrc e1!c cnlra en tcrrc. cl le phalcnc parut 
1c 3o d'Avril luivant* Cc(tc efpecc ctf rare quoi<nron b (rouve en Virgime, Cc 
papillon nocturne ditte're du papHlon Angloi* S. ocW/ttfoj luriout parecqu'il a lea 
ailc* icttoncea. 

Outre la diftc*rcnce h p]u* eurntiellc rant le 5* c*///j/j rt notre pnaqrtfj qui eonfirtc en cc 
que let lite* du dernier nc font m* d£eoup£o, U lachc ezi futtiic d'oril qui fc ironic dias le 
nottceftd'un bleu uni forme, rt entcnuec d*un ccrcJe noir; maU elk efi dttaulc de cette u* he 
foncec, cu efpecc de pninclfr, qui occupc le centre. Quotquc le* marque* principalesdc* ailes 
frpcTknut* duw Von et I 'autre aicat unr tre* gnndc rd{cmblinee t neanmoiiH clle* nc fom pa* 
k* mimes el fi Von vcut btrn confidcrcr Vcxinfmiic dea bordt de ecu ailr*, on y rcrnirquen 
unc difference fcnfibk* La marque brunc fur k thorax din* k A tttlhu eil btiucoup plu» 
Ur^e el plu* fimple que don* Ic notre. 

M. Dairy din* fon admirable ouvragc, /-W< 2. /. 35,/. 2, 3. en a figure un> rt fa appctlif 
tftlUtni fjvbiift+tfiti dont k* ailei nc foot pi* dcntclccs maU ccluntrcc*, noci pit eependint 
tk la mime manierc que din* Yw*tUs4 t auqucl ncanmoin* il ell allitf dc l>caucoup plus prcj 
4 toui cgird* que nc Veil le noire. Le ProfcfTcur Fabriciua no fall aucuuc difficult* de le 
cater >; utllit*. 



■ 



**•*■—.• 






:« 



i6: 



^ 



Pi 

! 



►*-: 



»? 




: 



K 



51 
TAB. XXVI. 

SPHINX MT OPS. 

VrKLOW-lNDKKWING EYED HAWK-MOTH. 



PRUNUS I'IRGIXIAXjI* LISSJ 

AMERICAN DJKD*GUK2EY. 



5* alU anguUtii: primonbut aptec angntoquc portico macula ftm; poflicu ihvti ocetlo 

orruko epuptllato. 



Tin* Is a very rare fpecics. The caterpillar was taken feeding on the wild cherry, 
and buried itfclf June 12th. II came oul the rd of July, Another went into the 
ground Odober 27* and the moth appeared in May. 



Mr. Dain* ^//j/jii^/wj//^/, mentioned iu the Uft {>3£t t hxi iu fore wing* angulatod 
very much tike this but the marking* of the two, and cfpecially in their poflcrtor edge, we 
very dilimcl; neither do their hind wing* agree in colour, 1 1 i * A"- sf/Sj**if t /j£*20. f.*2 r J^rcr* 
with our me/* m the hind wings but ll*c fore one* arc widdy different hi form and colour. 
It appear* tlicrr are many ipecics of Sfteo with eyed fpot» on the hind win^t, which lute 
not hitherto been dcfcriticd by fyAeinitic author*. 

It may not he amit* to remark here how much left difference there 1* in thh genu* between 
the catcrpUUn of fpceie* neatly allied, than in the genu* P*tfjJio. 















&4 



■^— 



52 



TAB. XXVI. 



ft 



i 



SPHINX MTOPS. 

LE SFHIKX MTOPK AIX AILES INFErIEURES JAUNES. 



PBUNUS PIRGIMASA. LIMl.t 

LE FRVMEli PR V1R01KIE. 



. J-' 

5 






S- alt* angulatu: priffloribui aplec at>guloquc portico macula flava: poilicii flai-ii occllo 

cacnilco epupillaio. 



Omte dpicc ell ires rare La chenille ful priic comme clle dcVoroit Ic* tV ui I lea du 
cerificr fauvagc; rile aVnlcrra Ic 12 dc Juin, ct pnint a )ctat ailc; Ic 2 dc Juillct. 
line autre ic cacha eti terrc Ic 27 d'Oelobre, ct Ic plialcne parut au moij dt Mai 
ful van t. 



s 



I 



IJ&tiLha }smait**fLi dc M. Drury mcni J win* dan* Ic page prcc£Jcntc» a lei ailc* fupen- 
tViiancrt'ci k tri* jTti ilr cho& pre* commc celui-cj f nui* 1m mormicidc re* memes aita, 
partkidicrcrncM edict qui fc trommi i Jcur tnPr, font Ire* differ cute*; leun aite* in&ricuro 
nc fc rcflcmblcot pw non plu* pour la coulcur. Lea ailc* in&ricura dc fan 5* Afljfso, Ai*. W^ 
/. 7* font fanblablcft 1 cclln de noire *y**j. mail Jc* ailn fuj^neurea different cxtrtaxflxnt 
fait pour li (brmc t foil pour la couloir, II parol! qu*il eiiAe pluftcur* efptecs dc fytou dont 
Ic* ailc* infericure* foot omeca de tache* en forme d'ccil, qui n'oat etc* juiqu'ki decrite* par 
aucuti auleur lyfilmaiique. 

II » VA pa* inutile tic rcmarqucr ici comlncn dam cc genre la ilifiercncc cntrc lea chenille* 
da efpeee* allicc* dc Ire* pre* eft nwiudtc que dm* Ic genre P t i fifty t 



Eg 



• ,-'■ 



v#» 




■ 






p 



1 



i 



<S 



















■* 



k 



I 



- / 



^c 



■ 



S3 



TAB. XXVII. 



SPHINX AZALEjE. 

WILD-HONEYSUCKLE HAWK-MOTH. 






AZALEA NUDIFLORA. IIXX 

RED AXD WHITE AZALEA, OH WILD AMIIUHN (t<»NI YH"o:t.| 



S* J.1 :» fubaimiluU : primoribui 



cxrukfctn titan firigl UtA fiifaL: poAiei* leflaccii imini- 
ailaii* 



Ay. #<M7./A* 



Its food b the plant above mentioned, and represented in the plate. The catcrpiU 
lar n of two colours* and when diiturbed draw* in ill l>cad as in lite figure. It 
fpun i Mr It up in a thin web on the leaves Mav 1 nil, and the moth appeared June 
8th* Another which fpun on the iCth of September remained till the loth of April 
follow ing. It is not common. 



We fufpccl thrt to be the Orrifa of Cramer, though the outline at well ai colouring 
of hu arc too different from our* to be certainly Liken for tlic Gunr, We lute therefore 
thought it bdl to give our infeft a name applicable to it* food, and quote the above figure 
with a rank of doubt* 



■ ' 



U 



m 



6A 



TAB. XXVII. 



SPHINX AZALEM. 

LE SPHINX DU CHEVBE-FEIILLE SAUVAGE. 






: 



AZALEA KUDIPLORA. LINN. 

IE Cl(tvnE-Fr.Ull.LE SAUVAGB l> amsuiult. 






jfr 



I 



S, all* fubmguhti* : prirooriUi* casrukfonuiUi* flrigl bti /ulcJ: poflicb tcftecv £* hnnu 

c&btta. 



i 



Sou aliment crt l:i pbntc ci-dciTus mcntionmfc, ct rcpnftcntcc dans notrc planchc. 
I-a chenille eft dc deux couleura, ct, quand ellccft irouWtc. die contraAe la (etc 
commc on volt dans la figure. Lc II Mai die fe fib ciilrc lea leuilles tin cocon 
d'un titfu fin, et 1c phalenc parut lc ft dc Juin. Unc autre qui fila £i coqur lc iG 4c 
Scptembrc y rcfla rcnicrmcc jiilqu'aii 10 d'Avril finvanL Cot inJcctc n'crt paa 

common. 






Noui foiijvjonnom qoe cc pipit Ion cfl k £%tW/*j dc Cramer, quoiquc cc dernier, cniant 
au port rt aux coulrun, foil trop different du notn% potir etrr faronxrit regudc cornmc lo 
ml me. Koui avont done penic qu*il valoil micu* dinner 1 notrc mfeelc un nom analogue 
I la pianlc qui !c nourrit, cl marqucr b figure ci*deflua d'un fignc qui indkniat du doutc. 



p**+- 



wTT^^rrr*T^ 



I 



. 



W 






Cv? 










. / 



fe 



55 



TAB. XXVIII. 



SPHINX PA MP IN A TRIX. 

WILD-GRAPE HAWK. MOTEL 



VIT1S LABRUSCA. /WjV.Y. 

OOWSY-LEAVED VlKK. 



S. alii fubangulati*: pcimoribm fufcia ftrigU fub iriUii iwntfoquc oliracei*: poAicii tcttaccii 



tfUnVjm. £WJ>f. /.M7./CP 



FftRn* on the different Ipecies of wild grapes It (pun up in a thin web on lite 
leave* July oth, and came out the 2(Ith: another which (pun the 6th of SejHemucr 
did not appear on the wing till April ijttli. Thii is not a common fpeetc*. 



TW* may poffibly be the Mj ™ of Cramer, whkh he fay* comes from Virginia, but the 
proportion* of hU figure are considerably diflerrnt from ours noc hi\ be rrprdented the dot 
on the fore wing** Wljcihcr this and the preceding be the inklU of that author which wo 
have referred to or not, they certainly are terr nearly allied to them, and we gladly profit of 
hb judicious hint to place ihem in the firrt limuran division of tticir gemts after the ocel- 
latcd fpecic*, to which, though their wing* be not detiuted, and only flighily angiiUtcd, they 
arc mofi naturally allied. They have the fame kind of ihort thick body and Ihort trunk; and 
the rHemblancc of the caterpillar*, which Cramer coold not know, confirm* hU opinion, In 
ihc ftudy of Nature the mind mould always keep natural arflnitica in view, and make aniti- 
cii] arrangement, a.* far ai it conveniently can, give way to them : till at length a greater 
aflVmbbgc of object*, truly allied to each oilier, and conm!ercd upon a large fcale, tnay help 
U* to detect more certain and comprehcn£rc artificial charjc3en» Thi» i* not very difficult 
to be accompumed within foch limit* a* the fpceira of one genu*, though too many modern 
prtclical naturaiiAa, and all compiling one*, place fpceieaa* if no idea of natural affinilk* 
ever ciiry acioit ifce>r tmndr. 



i 

:: 



^>m 









e 



I 



# 






56 



m 









TAB. XXVIH. 
SPHINX P^ MP IN A TRIX. 

LE SPHINX DE LA VIGNE SAUVAGE, 



VITIS LJltRUSCA. tmx 

LA VIGNE 3AUVAGEL 



S. ali>fuuamTulaAi*: primoribitt fitlcii firigu fob tribut pim&oquc oliraccls: poAicU tcfiaccit 

immacuiui** 






Vit fur les diticrcntc* cfpecc* dc raitin ilmvagc. Elk tc fib fur k* fcuillc* unc 
cxxiuc mince Ic 9 dc Juiltct, ct quitta fon fourrcau le 26; unc auirc chenille qui 6b 
Ic 8 Scpicinbre nc parut avec dcs aikfrcjuc k 17 d'Avril. Cetic dpccc a*cil \ku\ 
commune. _ 

It ell poflili!*". que ce [Mtnllon Ibit Ic mclnc que Ic .Virtadc Ctmxr, qu*il dit originaircdc 
Virginle, mai* lea proportion* dc & figure font Ire* dimTrentc* de eelle* dc la noire, ct il n a 
pa* rcprcfrnic k point que Ton rcmarque far Ic* at Us fapcricufcs« Soil que ee papUlon et 
le prcofdent foicnt Ic* incinc* que Ic* (nicete* de eet auteur auxquct* noui Ic* avon* rippcrUi 
ou non. ee qu'il jr a de certain, c eft qu ill low font altitt dc tre* pre*, ct now prufiton* nee 
plaifir dc Vidcc judiekuie qui le* lui a Ciit pbcer dam la premiere dirtfou Lmnlcnc de Iccir 
genre, apce* Ic* cipccc* qui om dc cc* we he* <n forme d'ycux, auxquellr*. quoiqoc kun a3es 
nr foicnt pa* dcntdc'c*| mai* iculnntnl [excrement cVhantn r c* > elk* font pint nit urcl learnt 
alliec*. Ellcs Ont k corp* fait dc la meme manure, il eil gro*» court amfi que Ic trooc; 
et b rcilcmblince de* chenille*, qui ne pouvoit etre connue a Cramer, tient J lappui dc lea 
opinion. Dan* Tetudc dc la nature rcfprii devroit toujour* Atoir cu iuc Ic* affinitc* natu- 
icjWv ct loir lubordonncr tout arrangement aitillcicl , autant tculcfoU qu*on pcui le f.iirc con- 
TcoaUemcnt ; jufqu A ee qu'enfin un plu* grand lftcmldagc d'objeu vniment allic* Ie» un* 
aox auire*, ct confidcrci d*apre* unc plu* grandc celiellc, put nou* aider 4 decouvrir dc* ca- 
tacVre* aitiikid* plu* certain* ct plu* ttendu*. Coci uVit |>a* trc* dimcile a Cxccuier. f\ on 
fc tknt renfetmi dan* dc* limitc* ItroLlc* telle* que celk* tfune cfp£cc dini un Cenre, quoietue 
trop d*liabik« tuiuraUrtc* moderiK*, el tou* Ic* compilascurs placenl k* efpece*. comtnc tt 
latiuli aucuuc idee d atfuxitc naturelle n'avoh cu d'acc£» dint leur cfr<it- 



- 



i 












I 



s 



1 
I 




I 



' ■ 



• ■ ■ 



■ 



57 



TAB. XXIX. 



SPHINX JUGLANDIS. 

IIICKORT HAWK-MOTH, 



JUGT.ANS ALII A. LI\'X 

HICKORY KUT. 




S. ali* cVnutit grifci* iranfrtrft flrigoib.: poflicia pallidioribui nuigine fnfco punOaio, 



Tills caterpillar, which feeds on thr Hickory, went into ihc ground Mav 23lh f 
and tlw? moth was feen the 2 tth of June* Amrthrr which went into chc ground 
the l 3 th of September came out ll*c I2lh of April. ITie moil remarkable diilcrrncc 
between this and the Kii^lilli Poplar Stowk-motti. is the flat fpttwfing fail of the 
chryfalis, and the very evidently pectinated amciifix of the mate fly. It is not very 
common* The caterpillar is fomeiimcs green* 



Mr- Abbot ray jutlly remark* ihc affinity brtnw Uu* and j/ki P#f*lt, the antenna? of 
which iii the male arc alfo, in a degree, pectinated; but there is not mueh affinity in the 
marking of the wing*, nor is there fi> great a difference of hue between the fore ami hind 
wingi of £ PtpJi as in that now before u% 



H 









58 



TAB. XXIX. 






! 



i 



SPHINX JUGLslNDIS. 

U; SlilINX I)U NOVEB BLANC 



JUGLANS ALBA L1NX 



S. all* dcntatU grite. tranfttrft ftrigofu: poilicU piUidJoribu* inarginc fufco pumfbto 



La chenille, qui A fur lc Never Mane, cntni foiu Icrrc 1c 28 de Mat* el Ic phaUnc 
fc montra Ic 2-1 <k Juin. Due attire qui scntcrra Ic 12 <lc Scptcmbrc parut 1c 12 
d'AvfD. U dUKrenW to pi"* remarnuablc entrc eclte efpece cl noire Sphinx *ft* 
PtUpUtr, eft la queue plate dc la chryfilidc en forme d'cvcnuil. ainfi que lc* an- 
tenncs du papilton mile qui font ink certaincmcnl pcAiiWes* II n'cil pas iris cora- 
mun. La chenille eil c|uclqucfoi* vcrtc. 



E 



M. Abbot remirooc awe bcaucoup dc jufldTe ttimnfte qui fc troute entrc cet wtc&C et 
Ic 5/Aiw P*M, dont le* antenncs din* le mile font auffi iieclinces jrfpl un certain dcgrC ; 
nuu <eiic affinity fc mmifdlc moim din* Ic* marque* <k* ailc*. et U n y a pa- unc ft grande 
difference de coolccr entrc Ic* *ilc* rup^rieurc* el infenctirc* du A JV/wfi, que duu eclui que 
wui avow maintenaal foui let Yeux. 






L W 



rv 






I" 



tft 



I 



n 



*\ 



E 







[h. 



59 



TAB- XXX, 



SPHINX LVOVBRIS. 

FAN-TAILED BAWK-MOTH- 



VITIS QUISQUEFOLIA. JU$$. CEX l6r. 
HEDEKA QUINQUEFOLM. LINK 

YtftQlNMN u:iiriii 



S, ali* angulati* fcrniglnco-fufc** puacro futocdlari. 



Taken feeding on the Virginian Creeper. It went inlo the ground Auguil td P and 
the fly tame qui September i :th, 'I*hc tail of the mate lprcad* like :i fan* 

ThU i* a ray rare -[>c«tc*. One WW caught in the evening on a gourd Murium. 
1 r tlew exceedingly fivift, making a noifc like a humble- bee. 



Linnaru* deltribea the fpOt on tlic fore wing* a* black, and it it (o in hi* fncclmcn, which 
i* a male, a* well a* in Mr. IJrary ** figure, which fcerirt to he taken from a Ivmilc. A* Mr* 
Abbot'* drawing rcprcscntl the \\*x uf a psjcr hue in the female, we have ventured to change 
the Linn:raii definition from fttfUfr atn to fith&rifari* 

Ai to llie plxnt on which this moth feed*, we arc confident from accurate examination 
that M. dc Juflieu has properly removed it from tlfJtrj to tltii, bom on account of it* habit 
and truclificaiion. It* boric*, reprclcn.cd on the annexed plate* arc never produced in 
Gnslanc]. thouirh the plant itielf thrives with its in any fitui.ion* even in llie tbickeft (mofcc 
of I.*.-ll .Il-;i 






60 



TAB. XXX. 



i 



SPHINX LUGUBRIS. 

LB SPHINX A QUEUE EN li V E N T A 1 L. 



>s 



V1T1S QUINQUEFOLIJ. JOSS. OjBK 0$7. 
HEDEHA qUINQUBFOLM. LINN. 

i,a vtOKB gmjipante de vircinif- 



ra 



v 



s 



S. alt* anguUtis foroglrkco-fufrw punclo fnboccllari. 



Pm*x ic nourriflant fur la Vignr firirnpantc dc Vllgfalfc FJIc fe cacha en terrc 1c 
id d*Aout, ct b moudic parut Ic 1 1 dc Scptembre. La queue du mile »*Aend 
cuminc tut cVcntajl. 

Ccttc eljrfcc ell tre* rare* Un de cc> inlccica Tut faiti Ic foir fur une tlcur de gourde. 
1) a Ic vu! cxtrenicmcnl rapidc, et fail en volant nutnnt de bruit quunc abcille. 



P 



1 



Lionaru* dan* fa description nou* dfpeint eotntne noire La tachc qui Ic trotirc fur let ailc* 
fupcricurr* : die IVA en cfTrt dim fon original qui eft un mftlc t auilt bicn que dini la figure 
dc M. Drury qui frmHe avoir cic cepice iW une fcmclle. Commc Ic dciTein dc M. Abbot 
rcprfJentc la ladic d*unc couleur ptu» pale dam b fcmclle, nout nou* lonunea hafardfi a 
changer la definition de Linnaw en fubAituauT, prwfh atn kftfattlhn* 

Quant 1 la plaote fur liqucUc vit ce pliaH-nc, nam n 'irons pa* Ic moindre doutc, apreJ 
y avoir in&rcmcnt rfrWebi que M# dr Jullicti ne Vail tircc avec raifon du genre JtrJtr* pour 
la placer dint cdui de I'tta, tint a canfc dc Ton port qui caufc de (on fruit. On ni januui 
vu en Anglcterre lea grain* reprcicnlc* dam la pbiichr ci*jomic, quoique b pbntc y eroiiTe 
par lout ou elk ic truavc, meme au milieu dc U fumce b ptu» t paiflc de Loncrcr. 



to 



: 



I 



S 



i 
I 




,^ 



T t 






■ 






Gl 



TAB. XXXI. 



SPHINX G AU RJE. 

OLIVE-SHADED HAWK-MOTU, 



GAUKA BIBtfttfS. LfNX 



b- alia dcntatis: nrimoribu* olivacci* ftnpu duabui atbidU punfto difci drltOHlcO; poAici* 
fcrrugincii firigA pallida cxtcrius nigrit nurginc albo. 



Taktn feeding on the Gaum in May, on the 201h of which month it cncloicd it- 
frlf in a web on the furtaee of the ground, and the lly came out June 7th. It has 
not been found in Virginia* and U very rare in Georgia, where It Hies verv fwiftlv 
hy day, extruding honey from flowers. 



Tbii Spkua approaches uV MtJt* of Fabridnc, Ertitm* rmt*J> l\ 4. s&J, with which 
wt- ha> e compared it. In that however the wing* are Id* dentated, tlieir colour more green 
than olne, and ilhc^- arc dctitiutc of the pale tranfrcrfe itripcs lb evident in tlut here rrpnv 
fentcd. $. Gh&thtr*, Fabr. /- 53$, come* a great deal nearer to our*, but the colouring of 
thai too (ran* different, not to mention a longitudinal pate line on it* upper wings while 
the under one* are yellow, and want llic light iranlmfe ilripc of ours. In the dirt \\>:<k on 
ll>c Uilk of the upper they nearly agree, Wc Jhould indeed lltll hare hdiuted upon the fub- 
Wt, Iiariog no knowledge of & (Knttkrrj but frocn figure*, had not the tirwt of tiii* iitfecl 
deckled tlic point. It L» represented by Efprr, fV< a. *j&. 00, without * horn, and other- 
wife my ditTcrem from tlut in Mr, Abbot** drawing. Hence it appears they arc two nearly 
allied fpocie*, feeding on two plants of the iaine natural order. 



■w 



KB 












TAB. xxxr. 
SPHINX G A U RjE. 

LE SPHINX QMBRfi D'OLIVE, 






GAURA BIENNIS* LINN. 

l\ GAUKA BISAN.MIELLEL 






*J* a!i* dentali*; prlmoribtu oliraccit firigit doabut albitlU puiiclo difci dr!toidco; poilici* 
fcrruginci* ftiigA pillidl cxtcriu* nigri* nurgiuc albo. 






Piute vivani fur la Gnura dam Ic moi* dc Mai; le 2o du mime mois die fr rcn- 
fcrma dan* une toiler fur Li furfacc dc In icrrc. ct to niouclw fort it Ic ? dc Juin, On 
n a pa* trouvc! cct tnfede en Virginic, el il cfl ire* rare en Georpe. ou on k voir, 
durant le jour, voler avee bcaucotip dc vitcue, ct pom per Ic mtcl dc* rlcur** 









Ce tyAuu appfoebe ilu J1&&J dc Fabridu*, /->/&*. rw/u/. /'. 4. afi3> avee Icqucl nou* 
lavon* comparf. liin* Ic premier ncaninoitti Ic* aile* foot moiru dcntcltc*, le* couleur* 
en font plot Ycrirt qu'olivc*, ci die* font denude* dc* rale* tranfvcrfak* pile* f\ tvidcrtk* 
dMttceluiquicaidrcpnJIcn^ Le 5- f^w/i™, Fabc./..3Mj» fc raj>prochc mfiuiment p!u* 
du noue, mai* rcnfcmblc dc* coukura parolt auiU n'cire ]*u Ic mtftne. Tin* parier d'uac ligno 
longit o*l i rule jdle fur let ailcm fup&icurc*. tandi* que !e* infericure* font jauues el dlpour- 
vuc* de la raic dairc ct tttnftcrfale qu'on roCt dan* Ic ndtrc. Quam a la laehc fanccc fur Ic 
difijuc do aile* lupcra :urc* elk: eft A pen pre* femblablc. Noo* coition* ccnaincrocnt encore 
hefite" a prononcrr fur cct ififreV, nc cotinoiltmt kS.&jnJkffxtpic par det figure*, fi hk/v* 
neui nuiercwent diffipc no* dotfe*. Ellc dl rrprffentcc par ETpcr, fV- a, rj£. 20. lan* 
come, ct d'ailicun Ire* diffcrcntc dc edlc qu'on trouvc din* let deflcin* dc M Abbot- Dc 
u il paioit que ce foot 6mx cfpcee» procliairKmrnt allice*, fc nourriflam Oc deux plaatc* qui 
tieuncnt au raeroc onfrv iuUikK 



■ 



n 



I 

■ 



K 



H 







--' 



■ 



as 



TAB. XXXII. 



SPHINX CONVOLVVLL 

POTATO E IJAWK-MOTU. 



CONVOLVULUS BATATAS. t/XK 

(WEST POTATOES- 



S. aJU iiiicgrifts pcfiidi n%ro fafciati* marine portico albo rniDflatia, abdominc rubra 

Ctnguta atrk 

S^tei C»nM A*. V* »*- 799. fctf> ^ K t- A 91,/ 4. 



Tin* caterpillar feed* on the. facet potatoe plant P ami i« fometimc* frequent, 
though the moth ia rare. It- chryfali* i* often dug up with Che potatoes. En Vir- 
ginia one of theft infect* buried itfrlf October 3o\ ami came forth in its perfect 
rtate tlie Soth of Mav; in Georgia one wmt into the ground the 20th of Auttutf, 
aitd came out (be I ltd of September- 



# 



Wcearmot difcora any material diflinttkion bdnxen tin* and the moth which feed* on 
phnM of the lame fpam in Europe, and h often feen fluttering about in towm and houfc*, 
making ai much noifc *.% a bat or fault bird, for both which ii u ortcn ufcrn lir the vulgar. 
TIjc reddim tinge on the under ttingt of the American one i* the only difference we can fin& $ 
and U furdy not diffident lo mike that kind any more man a variety* at Mr. Drury fuppofc* 
it. ProiViTor Pabriciu* dor* not ma diftinguiJh it a* fuch. Mr. Ijthira iaformi m thU 
variety ha* been ottcrved in England, 






61 



b 



TAB. XXXI f. 






SPHINX CONVOLVULL 

LE SPHINX DE LA BATATK. 






k 



CONVOLVULUS BATATAS. HJTK 

LA BATATK. 






1 



3. LRGITIMJS, ALIS lSTEQM$ t ASO SiUPLId. 

S. alb intcgrit: pofiicu nigro fifcbtU murine pofUco albo punctati*, abdomxnc lubco 

ciagulii itrit. 

SpUn CoRtfadl* Im &*. AW. J&* Jta?# hf* K J. l W. / 4. 



Cirrt chenille mange la planic nommrc pommc de lem! douce; el ctmine* anncVs 
on la troiivc frequcmmenl, qtioiqu'oii paniome mrcment £ rrncontrer lc phalcnc* 
Suuveiu on en trouveladinlnUdecn hcchanMoredcb nfcoltc do* pommc* dc tcrrc. 
En Virgmie on dc ccs imcclcs » enterra le 3 d*Octobrc, ec panu dan* ton Aal parfall 
1c 30 de Mai; en Ccorgie une chenille cntra (tai Icrrc Ic 20 d'Aout, et panit Ic I i 
de Scjucmbrc. 

Nou* n'avon* pa uVcoutrir aucunc diffiftntc tflciHicUc entrc cc phalone. ct cdui qui fc 
noamt dc* phiuc* du nrftne genre en Europe, ct qu on vott % oler *£ ct li dim 1« Yilk*. el dam 
lc» nuifons fai&nt aulant dc bruit qu*unc duuve-foam ©u un petit oiieau, atec iciquck 
Ic ptuplc foment Ic confond. hx tonic fougnlirc qu'on ittnaftpn fur Ic* ailc* iiiftrienm du 
paptUon <T Antique dl b fcwlc difcerencc que nou* a>on» pu apprrmw, et tile n cfl cer- 
Uincnxnt pa* fufiUante pour que nou* cu bffion* autre diode qu'uno mtcU, cornm* M. Dniry 
Ic Hippofe. Lc Profcftcur Kabriciui ne *a pa* intac juftptt Ic confidcrer comtnc unc mite. 
M. Utlujti oou.% apprvnd quelle a etc" oblartc en Anglctcne. 







^ 



J 



1 



■* 



[A- 



" 



1 

■ 

r 






i 



M 



I 



(6. 

. 

: 







■'■ — 



as 



TAR XXXIII. 



SPHINX CAROLINA. 

TOBACCO HAWK-MOTH, 



mcotiaxa TAnAVVM. /,/.v.v. 
TOBACCO, 



3* alb mtegfU: omnibui mirgine portico albo.pcinftaiU, abdorainc ocelli* frx parium fulvU* 
M n, Hdi /* -. v ' > ;y &"7^ I ■ Rl'*-M fit- 



FttDI upon Tobacco, Iriih Potatoes (Solatium ttit-entfiim?), Red Pepper (Cff/j/i- 
aim?) &e. It went into the ground June lgsih, and mine out I *ith July: another 
went in the »lh July, awl came out Ml August. The caterpillar i* a great nui- 
fancc to the plantations of tobacco, the cultivators being obliged to pick them 
careful I v olf the young plant*. Hie motfi is very commonly feen in an evening 
fucking the James- town weed and Gourd bloiloms and continues breeding all the 
HJiuincr* Tlicrc it rcaibn to luijtccl two fpecics of this ih ; at Icail a great viincH 
of colours is obfrrvable in both fcxes. 



Wlial i* intended by the James-town wed U not ealy to determine. Tlii* motli U com- 
mon in die Wert Indies as wclj as in Georgia and Carolina- I>. Browne fry* it i« called tl>c 
Mofquito Hiwfc, from !bl shearing at thai lime of the evening in *hich thote flies abound, 
and being vulgarly* ihougH certainly crroncoufty, fuppofed to prey on them, 







66 



TAB. xxxm. 



SPIH NX CAROLINA. 

LE SPHINX I>K L\ MCOTIANK. 



NICOTJANA TAI1ACUM. LINN. 
LA MCOTI.WK A I.AKCES rKUlLLES. 



S. alii iMcgru: omnibui marglne pofiia. albo-punflatii. abdoiuinc ocelli, (ex pariura faint. 
S(4imCm41s» Zim. &. Xu. jpt. Orngfi I-f. F. I. /. »./ 1, 



Vit fur 1c Tabac. Ira pommes dc lerrc d'lrlande {S<J.nmm tubfrqfum?) k poivre 

rouse {Oipfinun?) &c. Kile lb rctira foils Icrre lo ij) dc Juin ct en limit 1c id dc 

Juilln : unc autre j coira 1c 8 dc Juillrt. « repami Ic 1 d'Aodt. f.n clicnilk raufc 

dc gnuidi domnugra dan« l« plantations dc talxw. cc r (u i oblige lc» caUivMeun i 

ccbcnillcr avee loin Irajcunra phm«. On appcreoil trt* iWjucmmcni Ic far Ic 

phalcnc fucant Ic stamen dc Jamcs-lown ninli «,,« Ira flcun dc gourde; il nc crffc 

dc multiplier pendant tout Viti. CVfl avee raifon nu'on lbu,,co..ne qui) y a dcu* 

rfpcci* dc eelle moochc; au raoins -bfcrve-I-Qn unc grandc varied <lc coulcurs 
dans In deux :-m- 



Que doit-on enlcndrc par k Rra n« dc Jamctown ! ceil ec qull n cfl pa* aitt dc dftcr- 
mino. Cc phiUoe cli coouum dam Ic Indc* ocddeattlc. auffi bio, flu'en Gcorgk et A I. 
Caroline. U Doclcur Browne dil qu'oo Ic Mamc 1'Epcr.icr dc MotquJUo, parccqu-il 
parolt au fair dan* Ic memc temp, ou I'm ,oi, unc nuec dc cc mouctodonl k peupk croir, 
quoique law aucun fomkiwni, qu'il I'alunoile. 






•"- 



p 



6 



.^ 



«5 



K 



r,s 




H 



67 
TAB. XXXIV. 



SPHINX CHIONANTIIL 

FRINGE-TREE HAWK-MOTH- 



CHI ONA NT II US FI&GINICJ- Lt&fc 

*aiM*Mlii nit Oil) MANN HtAUl). 



S, a!i» intrgri* marginc poftito albo punetattt: primoriUi* flrigi* dtulxu tindubtii punc- 
toque albis aKtominc occllif trium parium fulvi*. 

Ttir caterpillar feed* on the Fringe-tree, called old mans beard from iti dnflcti of 
while blotibms. and alio on the Privet and Lilac, 1 procured fcvcral in Virginia upon 
the la tl- mentioned ihrub* which WCBl Into the (-round July Jill, but every one of 
them died in the chrydlti during winter. Alter 1 had been frvcral years in tjcor- 
gia. I found lomo on the old man'* beard in June, which buried ihciniMves on the 
•'•'d of that month, and came forth on tike wim* July ^inli. It is nol a common 
moth. 

Of thoic infect* that go into the earth, and breed twice in a year it *» bed to 
procure the fpring caterpillar*, which arc much moll likely to furvivc, the autumnal 
one* commonly dj ing in chryfah* in the winter. 







Although every judiriou-i writer oucht to fulimit to the nifc Jaw, which by common coa- 
Jent ha* obtained among fvuematic naiuraliil*, <h*t **> tolerably good trivial name, when ooec 
printed, mould be changed by any following author, mere being no end to altering names for 
ll*c better, and the inConvenienee* of fueh rhangr*. for the moll part, more than counter- 
balancing their benefit*; ncvertheldt wc do venture at prcftnl to tranfgrcf* ihU law- We do 
fa on the authority of m opinion, if not a decree, of Lianarus (Syft* Nat. 7o>. note) and 
alfoon the mil higher authority of reafbn and tVnfc Linnaru* lay*, in the place juil referral 
to t that trivial name* of infect taken from the plant* on w Inch tlwydepeml for fnbtiiUncr, 
whenever fueli can be obtained, arc prcfcraWe to all other*, and ought foTicitoutly to be 
fought for. in order Out tl»e depcndince of the animal and vegetable kingdom* on cadi other 
may be daftly kept in fiW> With thU principle before u* furcly Cramer* ux*:prrlh\c tunic 
of rn/jrj for this noWe inJcxft, mart girc way to one defensive of in food, which moreover 
luptient lingular ly to mew llie analog}* of Nature t for the American In rub called Chiwunthtt 
belong* firiraiy to the Cunc natural order of plant* a* the lalae and Privet, which, though 
not rutiie* of it* own country, this caterpillar can, according co Mr, Abbot** obfrnaiion*, 
ocGafiQtially eat; and a* we have a S/Aaur appropriate*! to the priiet in it* native foil of 
Horopc {SfJm* Li^rtj t it U peculiarly faiisiailory to find on the other (We the Atlantic a 






68 
TAB. XXXIV. 












SPHINX CIIIONANTHL 
m: sphinx rk i/AitBRi: pi: ni;k;i:. 



ciiioNANTiius r masse a /-/aw 

i/achiu: pi: \* ICE 



Si jIU ijilcgr&s niir^iix poftico albo pun&aut: primoribut Jlii^ii diLibut undulatii punc- 
toque fllbiS abdorninc occJlu trium pirium lubi*. 



tt02 



Fiit. Em 



fU »«. O.- J\/ rfti./A* 



[a chenille fr notirrii fur larbrc mix fringes, untrcraeni appclle liar be du vicillard, 
;'i caiifc, des !)(Ji;imri* que torment (cs lleurs blanche*: il vit auiTi far 1c Trocnc ct Ic 
J.ito*. Jc mo procunii cnVirgiiiie pluficurs individu* qu*on pril fur rarbriucau 
dont ;i h viens de parlcr; il* enlrOreut en tcrrc Ic 31 dr Juillet, mai* ton* pcrircnt 
dan* L i :..! de ehrvlalide ;■■ i tlattl Thivcr* Aprcs avoir parte plufietirs ;mnrr< en 
Gcorj*ic. j'eii trouvai quctqucs-une* dan* Ic molt de Juin fur la barbc du vicillard ; 

die* aentcrrcrcni 1c 22 du memo mob, ct parurcnt en cut tic volcrlc 22dc Juillct. 

Cc jr.s— !-: mi* iiVfl pas commum 

I'iir rapport a ces itileclcs qui fr enchem fous tcrrc, ct qui multiplier deux fob 

tanner, 11 eft plus a pmpos dc preferer les chenilles du printemps, qui Ires probable- 

tncnl rcltcrutil en vic f a cchVs d'uutomuc <[»t coramuncmciil mcurrnl en hivcr fou* 

to forme de chrvfalidc, 

Quoiquc tout autcurjisdicictixdoivc fr rombrxner Icrttr maximc t"ige t qui j>n kcotuen- 
temtnt urunimc des naturalise* f)*iicmaitquc* a force dc loi |urml eux. qu'aucun nom In* M 
unc fou imprimt, pourruqu* il foil jaujbkj ne puillc ctrc cliangd* dans Ja uiite par aueuu 
teiv«in» parccqu'tf n'y auroit point de (in, ii, fout prctcxtc <k miciu, on altcYoit Ic* noros. 
ct ks inconvenient* de tcls eliangcmcnu pour i*ordinairc nYtant point COTipenfe* par Jet aran- 
lagc* qui en rtfulUMt nConmoin* nou* nous fomme* ici haferdc* 1 iraafgrtffcr I* loi. Nous 
Ic fiifbat fondes fur unc upuiion, j'al prvique dit un 4Werrt de Lintmis (%fl. Nil j6j, note) 
ct fur une autoritc encore plui inrcfra^aWc, cellc de U railbn ct du bon faw. Uunams dit, 
dant IVndroit qui view dVirc cttc. que k* norns triflKX do infects prii dc* plantes qui fa. 
tem a le» nourrir« toutci le* fot* qu'on pcut Jc faire, dolvrnt etrc employes de prfte>encc t rt 
qu'on nc fauroit prendre trop de loin pour ks dccounir. aiin que la dej4:ndaitce du regne 
icjr/tal rt du rrgnc animal ainfi npproclW* foit loujouri fous no* ycux. Utie Ml ee principc 
admift c<a1al»cment k nom infignillmi de rrtjfca donn£ a cc noble iniecle par Cramer, doit k 
cfder a un nom qui peint fwi alixncnt f qui oTaiOcan fc irou«% cbofc ttnguliffe. A proprc A 
moDtrer faralogk dc la nature; car IVbi ifteau Atnericain (2kn-tnriu> apparttcnt Oxaclemcnt 
au mOmc ordrc naturrl dc pUnte* que Ic Lila* ct Ic Troeoe, dont elk a'accomodc Ires btco, 
fckm les obfcrrauoni de M. Abbot, quwqu'ellc* foknt ctrauficrc* A (on propre pays; ct 
commc nous aion* un 5/imt particulier auTrocnc en Kuropc ion pjy» naul. (k Sfioa 
IJp$n~) 9 il eft fuiguli^rcoivoi Uui£ulant dc trouver dc fautre eOt£ dc rAtbotique un Sf&m* 









"s 



B 



ft?i 




%&«** 







i k-' 



ft 

iV 



* 



«M- 



r'- 



* 



G9 



TAB. XXXV t 



SPHINX PRINL 
GALL-BERRY llAWK-MOTIL 



FRIK05 CLJRER. LIN t \\ 

IOUSN WIXTKn-BKHHV OR GAt-kReHRY\ 



S. «3i< intcgni margins ponieo albo punctati*! primoribu* flrigi* doibu* undulatu p 
toque albi*, ibdomine i-iriguli* leuuilTimis aiieif* 



i:nc- 



Sphlai lift** fjfr,|UM.« m* ni^j. J^'iVrj-ftA/j, Ow*.JV*iO?,/C» 

Tail caterpillar was taken feeding on the Gall-berry bum In May, ami veal into 
tin* ground the 17th of thai month, coming forth a* a dy the 19th of June. An* 
other buried itfclf Augutt 26, and remained in the earth till (he 2Glh of April 'Pie 
CfttCrpJIIar i* very apt to be wounded by a finall tduteumon, the worm* of which, 
when fcmficd with feeding, eat their way out of it* body, and fpin thcmfclvc* up 
on the outline. The moth it not very common, but may fometimes be found 
fucking tile blotibina of gourd* in an evening. 



The rcafom we have offered for charging the name of tl>e preceding fpecict mull form our 
apology in the prtfent inAancc Ilvl-ni*, the name of a dogj lia^ no natural nor fanciful 
connection with thit infect, and could be tolerated only till we Ixcame acquainted with it* 
natural food. Notwithstanding the great difference of tire, our S* Pm ha* gicai aifinity with 
the S. C&wv/h infomueh that no oeieription can diicriminate their upper wing*. The 
want of yellow fpou on the abdomen of that now before in make* their encniial difference, 
to Which might be adVlcd that the head of tills it of an uniform brown, not white on the fum- 
mit, and it* thorax much left varicgitcd than in the oilier. Jn a is rteimtk arrangement ihcfc 
two fpeciet and -¥. CvcJni ought certainty to fland t^cthcr, and it it maiter of wonder bow 
fo good a writer at Fabriciuft mould hate pLiced them fo very fir afundW. 

If the figure of Cramer aboie quoted be intended lor ilii» moth, it ia extremely inarcurale. 
and give* (careciy any idea of it j nor can we believe that author to luvc fallen fo far fhort of 
tl*c ufual nxnt of his work- lie tnult mean a ditrereut inSccr. 






k 



's 







>. 












70 
TAB. XXXV. 

SPHINX PRINT. 
LE spiusx dr i;apai-aciiine. 



PRINOS GLJR&R* hiss, 

1/APALAC111N& 



S, jlis ialegrU marginc portico albo puuclatit: jtfiiuoribu* fliigii duabu» undulati* punc- 
to^ue albis aklonune cingiilit icnuiflimit nivehv 



S^Unl^UtJL M*> 



r*. ^:j* j*wfii*f. r + 3_ / ^./. j. Ow.P^ #. io?./c* 



Cette chenille Cut trouvcc nu moi* dc Mai fur lc bullion dotil rite mange lc* 
iVuillcft, ct lc I ; ilr co mois die cntra on fcrrc, d*ou cite fortit en ctat dc volcr lc 10 
dejuin. Une autre icrctini ib-tw terrc lc 23 d'Aoul, ct v reiki julqu'au 26* d'Avril. 
I^i chenille eft ire* lujcttc a clrc piqufV par un petit ichneumon; lea vers qui en 
proviennent* aprcs &*ctrc nourri* dan* rinlcricur dc b chenille, ct y avoir pris Icur 
accruiuctnciit* fc font jour au t raver* de fon corps, ct viennent au ddion ie filer uiie 
COQDC. I-a plialcnc n'cfl pa* trta exunmun; on 1e rencontre ecpendant lc loir fur lc* 
Jleur* tic gourde* dont il cxprimc lc luc. 

Lea raifon* <pic now* avon* expofle*, ct qui nous autorifoicnt 1 cliangcr lc nom dc 1 clpccc 
precldcntc, doWcnl jufliner notrc cooduiic dan* lc cat prctVnt. Lc nom d'HvJxu*, qui ell 
eclui d'un chicn, D*i |>otnt avee cct iufcclc dc connexion ou naturcltc. ©u bicn qui frjppc 
rinuauution, ct nc |>ouvoit tire tolere que juftju'a rinlbmt ou nou* parvicndrioni 1 con&oltrc 
1 aliment qui lui eft proprc* Malgrc" U gratidc diH?rcnoe dc taillc, notre£. Print a une grandc. 
atlifiUe avee lc $, CM**Kjntk*i li bicn ciuaucunc defer ijrtiou nc pcul diflcrcncicr leun ailc* fupe:- 
ricurc** On ii*appcT*;oit point dc Inches jaunes fur 1 atxtomcii dc cdui que nou» avont fotti 
letycux, ct cVft cc qui eonftitue leur difference cucntidlc. Ajoule* a ecla que latctcdccc- 
lui-ei eft d'uii bmn miiformc. Ion* cu'il v ait dc btanc au fommct, ri qn'il a lc ttiorax beau- 
coup moin* bigami que 1 autre. Din* un aJrat^genKnt fyHcrruuiquc ec* deux cfpeces ct S. 
C*rt&ki doivcnl ctrc placed enfcmUe, et il y a lieu de rttonncr qu'un auJTi bon cefiiain 
que Fabriciu* W ait nufci k une ft frantic diil-ince lc* um> do aiiire^. 

Si la figure dc Cratuer fitcationiicc ci-drjTu* eft cellc dc ee phaltac, die cil cxtfcrnexneeit 
iiic*xAc*le t et en donne k peine unc idee impitfji'c: ct nou* dc potivon* croirc cd autcur aulli 
inegal dan* un ouira^c dont daillcur * lc mCtUc eft rccomui* II doit avoir cu certaincineat en 
\ucun auUcinlcc^Vt 






■ 

M \ 

| 










•* 






' 






71 



TAB. XXXV], 



SPHINX DRUPIFERARUM. 

PLUM-TREK, OR I1ACK-BERRY UAWK-MOTIL 



CBLTIS OCCfDKiVTJLIS. LINK 

SLlGAttBEJlfiY OIL ItACKBRKRW 



S. alt* imegris; itoftku alt** faJciU duabu* nigris abdominc nivco cingulif irriuifliimj nigrU. 



Taken feeding on the Sugar-berry or Hack-berry* hut it U moll frequent on the 
Phm. It went into the ground June loth, forming a chrylalis which is like thai 
of the Ettglith Privet Hawk-moth, and the t\y appeared on the ijlliof April. It 
i* nol common. 



Mr. Attxrt Kit denominated this the Hum Sphinx, or 1V^ rt Sphinx hkeneft. Indeed it 
fo nearly referable* llic **• Mgrflri, in all it* tiatc*, thai 11 might jilmnil pafc for * variety. 
It* rnoft finking difference at full fight b the total want of a red colour about the abdomen 
and under wing*; yet we have not ventured in tbcea&of tJ»e Americano*. &m*&uA to found 
a fpedfic character on fueh a circumflancc alone. The befl, and probably albfiitnoent, dif- 
tjutttoiu of S* Drwrif/t*ifv.v* appear to \k the narrowncft of the black circle* of the abdomen, 
itjc dilated brown mark and three black line* along iu back, and tlicre being but two black 
(Iripea, iiiftcad of three, on the hind wing*. Thti fpceic* mould be infected next to S. /j- 
*>$/*. We do not find that anv author hai noticed it, except it might be Cramer** G*rJiur t 
uK 2 17, B, which we think fcarccly poflittc. 



u 



72 



TAB, XXXVI. 






SPHINX DRUPIFERARUM. 

LE S1MIIXX 1)1' MICOCOULIKR. 






CELT15 OCCIDENTJLIS. LINN. 
LB HlCOCOUMKIt D'AHlSlUQUB. 



S. a3i» integro: pofuci* albis frfciii duabm nigrit, abdomtne nivco cingulU tcnuifiunli m&ri*. 






I'RlftC Yivatnc fur Ic Micocoulicr d'Ameriqur, mais die labile plus ordinaircment Ic 
pmnicr. Kile If* caclia <*n tcrrc Ic lo dc Juin, ou eilc Ic chanirca en ui>c chrvlalidc 
qui rciTcmblc a ccllc du Sphinx du Troenc. ct la mouchc parut Ic 1/ d'Avril* Cet 
iulcclc rfclt j>a* coruiuun. 






»s 



Mr, Abbot a clonic j eetic cfp&c Ic nom dc Sphinx du Prunier. ou dc Sphinx Parcil 1 
tchridu TrociK-. En effrt cet infeftc rcflcmbte fi been an £ iJgxflri dan» iou» fa £tau, qu'il 
pourroit prdquc patter pour unc varied La difference U plu< frappantc qui fe prcTente an 
ixroiiicr coop d\rlt, cVrt qu'il n a ja» la moindre trintc dc coulcur rouge foil fur rabdoencn, 
foit furle* alio mftricurc*; n£amnosn* nou» navom pas em pouuiir, lorfqu'il »c(l agi du 
> ' ■■-.■ ■•■'' \»wfj( iin, foi»kt ua cuvAon lp6dfiqo« fin. dm i uk aurax dutfodin dt 
eettc nature. Lw fignc* r-jraltlriuiqiK* Ic* plu* fin* dn & Omfifrrjrwx, qu'on trauma 
vrauembhbkrnenl bicn fuflifcnU. paroiucni cere la petiicflc dc* cercle* noir* dc 1 'abdomen, U 
marque Ixunc qui * agrandii, ct troi* lignc* noire* dirig&i felon la longueur du dot ; d ail* 
!eur* an lieu d 'avoir Iroii rale* noire* fur Ic* aile* inU ricure% il n'en a que deux. Cctte efpeee 
devroil eirc pUccc pre* du S* foptfri* Nou* nc voyom pw qu aucun auteur ca ait fail men- 
lion, a moittj qu 'cue nc foit Ic GwJw dc Cnuxr, UK 247, B, cc qui felon noiu n cit gucrc* 
pofliWe. 



^ 






•■. 



















.ULI 






I 



73 



TAB. XXXVII. 



SPHINX KALMIM. 

MOUNTAIN IVY HAWK-MOTH. 



\ 



KALMIA LATIFOLIA- LINN. 

B&OA&LEAVED ' \1 M: \ r OR MOUNTAIN IVY. 




S. alii intcgrii marginc altx> punclato; pofticii lutcolii fafeiU duabus nigra, abdomlnc 

albo cingulii ntgtii. 



Tin* caterpillar WW taken feeding on llic Mountain Ivy in May. It likewife cat* 
the CAfOfUAlAttf- On the 3*1 of June it went into the ground, and on the 25th 
the tfy eame out. Tin* fpecie* » very icarcc, and has not been found in Vir- 



ion. 



The elegant Kslmu we. find deilmcd to nourifh it* peculiar £/Ai"ur, though it* acrid Utter 
juke* are diJagrcca1>le And crea £rt*1 to quadruped*. Trie fame contrariety of tiflc* or con* 
fruition* between thefc different tribe* of aainub hold* good with rrfpccl to many othrr 
plant*, at lannrru* ha* long ago obfavrd. Tfii* moth i* nearly related to .V- JJ^fri, but 
cannot be confounded with tltat or the Lift deferibed. on account of tlic white-dotted martini 
of ill the wings and the different marking* of the upper one*. It* abdomen pretty clofelj 
referable* that of the priiet tooth, except in being dcihtu'.c of a roic*co!oured hue. 



! 






74 



1 









TAB. XXXVI r. 



fe 






'S 



SPHINX KALMIJE. 

LE SPHINX I>U LIERRE DBS MONTAGSES. 



KALMIA LATIFOLJJ. LINK 

LE LIKRIIE DES MOXTACNKS* 



S* alii intcgra marginc albo punclato: poflici* lutcoUs f-iiVii* duabu* nigra, abdceninc 

albo cifiguli* nigra. 



[* 



CfiTTC chenille ful trouvec dana le moia dc Mai, hroutatit le* fruillea du Lierre d« 
Mcntagnca. EHe mange nuiti ecllea <lu Chiorumtluis. Lc 3 dc Juin die (c caeha 
fou* icrre. ct la mouchc en forrtt le 25. Ccltc crpccc eft trf* rare, et on nc Ja voit 
point en Virginic* 






Nous trouvcfu que IVlcganL AWmu cfl deftinc 1 nourrir Ton £/ainr parttcutier, fnalgn? U 
qualiti acre ct corrode dc for* fuc. qai 1c rend dtfagrcablc, ct mime fatal aux quadnipcdc*. 
L.i menx conirarictc de £OuU ou dc contlitutioa* ou'on rcmirquc entre ct* diilCrniui iribu* 
d animaux a lini for rapport 1 pluficun autre* pUnic*, cornrae Lintixu* la autrcfoi* obfrrvc*. 
Cc phalcne appartient dc trt* pre* 1 $, &gj*flri t nai* il a* pcul itro confoodu avec lui, tii 
aixc le pnfcc^Jcnl k raifoa des points blanc* qui occupent \a bord* dc toutt* Jet aites et dc* 
marque* dirTcrcntea qui font rvpanduc* fur le* fupcraurci* Quant a rabdomen il rciTtmbtc 
d aMca pre* an phalcnc du irocnc, cxccptc qu on n'y apper^oit point dc coulcur dc rofc. 













** 



fc 



! f'J**e 



fa** 



,£— 



15 



TAB. XXXVIU. 



SPHINX TERSA. 

BLACK AND TEL10W-0NDEIOYJNG HAWK-MOTIK 



SPBBMACOCB HT&SOPIFQLIJ, 

HTS&ONtBAYED SI'ERMACOCE. 



S. ilU integrit fufci* .wgitudinaliter flriati*. poflicU nigrii ftfcU tnaeulari lotco*albl. 



P-7- r.W. C. 



/ 



It* food is the Wild Thyme, One of tbcfc caterpillars Jj>un itfclf up on the silt 
of July, ami caruc out in iu perfect* Jlatc tin* l£lh of Augull; another fpun the 

j tth of JVntember. ami came out tin* £tli ni Ma v. When dithirbed the caterpillar 
contracts its head, like tlwic of the Sphittx Grantor and dzalt*, Sonic of ihcte 
caterpillars arc brown. Tlse fly is not very common, but nwv be fonic times ob- 
served fucking the gourd blofloms in autumn. 



We have found it ncceffxrr to give a new fpecific character to thi* moth, both the fin* 
na»n and Fabricun one* being incorrect. Sometimes there it a very minute black dot on lite 
fore wintry which Mr. Abbot ha» notobferved itr ibe fpecitnen he luu drawn. The range of 
ycJlow.th fpots on the hind wings vary much in Iixe f a* wdl a* colour, being often almofl 
white. Alt tlbc wjitgi rcfcmb&c each other on the under fide, being brown at the bafc. lurty 
toward* the margin, with a row of btackith dot** 

The plant ltcre oVhncatcd ajiprar* to 1* a new fpccic* of %™uw/ ( which h preferred. 
without a name, in the Linturan Herbarium* Mr. Abbot call* it wild thyme, probably from 
lift habit, for it hat no other affinity to any plant of the ibytue kind. The root is firong and 
woody! the nVm mrubbr, and fomewbat diifaie- It mar be characVriccd at follow*: 

Spcrmaeocc h)iTbpifoUa./«Av WjrW.PiWj/ij rmUtit nw/w/^ hit, vtrtuijin pntttflerii* 









ic. 



TAB. XXXVIII. 



ft 



SPHINX TKRSA. 

LE SPHINX AUX AILES INTERIEl'RES NOIRES ET JAfXES. 



1 



SPERM ACOCK iiVSSQPIFOLM. 

LE SPKRMACOCE A PEL'tLLES I) IIYSOPF- 






S. alU Intcgm futicit longitudinal iter tfrlitlt: poflici* nigri* fafcia macuUri IiilcooHJ. 












Son aliment rft IcThvrn Sauvagr. ITne chenille fe fila unc coquc Ic 31 dcJuitlct, 
ct en fortit imede pariah ic 15 d'Aotit; unc autre fita Ic 1 1 dc Scpleinbre, ct panil 
!c <> dc Mat. Li cltcnillc, qua mi cllc cil \\v\uv t»< \ contniAc i'a tele com me Ic* che- 
nille* de% Sph in j- Crtmtttr ci dz/iit\r. Qudrjucs unc* font brunch I*a mouchc 
ii Vil jku irca commune; cependant on la voit en uutoninc fur Ic* rlcur* dc gourdes 
dont cllc cxpriinc Ic iiic. 



Now avow iiwtqti'il ctoli ncccf&trc dc donner un noutcau caraclcrc fpeeinqucace 
piiaHpc, Ic* figac* caractoin^qnea a%nc* [kit Uniueiu ct Fabric im 4unt incuto. Quclquc- 
foil it y a fur Ic* aile* fupi'ricurc* unc tie* [>ci«c udjc noire, que M, Abbot n'a pa* obfenvc 
dam Hndmdu qu il a dctfTinf. Ixi tacbc* jaualtrr*, dotn on \oit un rang fur Jc* ailc* m(£- 
ricurt*, urient bcaucoup en grandeur ct en coulcur ; qiwJqoefoi* die* fon prrfquc bUnclw*, 
Toutc* te* aite* ic rcftcmblcnt par deflbw ; A U bafc die* font bnmc* ; dc coulcur de rouiltc 
vcr* Ic* bordt, avee unc raic dc point* noiritrc*. 

La plant? ici figure* paroU etrc unc neuvcllc efpece dc Sftrwuwe . eonferWc, ma« fan* 
norn, *iaii* l'habkr dc Linnmu*. M Abbot fanpcllc Thyrn buragc, pTolubfancnt a raifott 
de fo» pon, car die ni point d'autrc *ffuM avee amine efpece dc Thym. La ratine en 
eft fortr ct bolfcnlei (a tfce ell ccllc d un aibrincan dont Ic* bcanche* font tant fort pcu cHcn- 
duea* On prut li caracttnfer t\r U nuuicrc fuiranle: 

Sperniacocc byflbpifolia/ofir rmari-t&ectdtth rmUiU wjpufithu, tvr/i^S# feutifwit* 













. 




4t 


*k 














4 


Tfq 


1 




^ggfTT- 











77 



TA II. XXXIX. 



SPHINX L1NEATA. 

PURSLANE, OR PINK-UNDERWJNG JIAWK-MOTIL 



PORTO LAC A OLRRACEA* LINK. 

GARDES PVRSLAXL 



Sp s!i* initgrb wlUaccii vitU tiarcfccmc flrufquc albU. potfieii nigri* fafeta rubra. 






The food of thi* fpecic* confilfe of Forllnnt, Buck weed, and the leave* of tho 
Wtttcr Melon. It went uwkt ground May I llli f nunc forth the 3d of June, and 
another* which burled ittHf Au^iifl -^\. came out the mih of September. The 
mm), often ilie* by day. ami leveral were taken in a garden in Virginia fueking 
Lilac bloriunuon the I ?th of Anrit. Tin* caterpillar when full j^rown h fomewlut 
larger tlian it i* licre delineated* 



Thi* ipeeie* of £/*wu-, lliou^h muioikrd by Luiiwu, or milker confounded by him * itli 
hi* A Cttm, 11 a native of fcurojic, a* »ell a* America. It ought undouUcdJy to be placed 
between C*frm and I'itu* 






78 



TAB- XXXIX 



SPHINX LINE AT A. 

LE SPHINX I)U PQURFIER. 



PORTULACA OLERACEA. LINS. 






S. alii iiitcgri* olkacct* viUa fhrc&rntc Antique albis: pollicU nigrb fafcii mbrJ. 



8. Dwm, Gw*l}f-'-Jl&/I>L 



Cctt£ cfpcec IV nourrit *k Pourptcn de !'hcrl)c aux T)oim$, ct <Ics fcuillcs du Melon 
dT.au. Une chenitic cntra fou* tcrrc le 1 1 Mai, et en fortil Ic 3 dc Juin. Une 
auirc qui s'cntcnra Ic 32 d'Aoul. paral au jour Ic 18 dc Scptembre. I-e phaUne 
vole foment pendant Ic jour, el on en a JVtli plutlrun en Virginia Ic 17 d'Avril 
com me tb fiifoicnl les flcurs du l_il:is F la chenille-, quand cllc a ]>ri& toute la croif- 
fanec, ell iiinL loit pcu phi* grolTc que cellc nui eit ici figurcV. 



Cnxr c/pecc de $/kmx quoiqirc jgnon'c dc Lmnxus ou, pour mica* dire* qu'il a con- 
fondue atcc fon S. Crirrw, eft origimiw dTEuropc comroe dk IVA d'Amcnquc. Elk doit 
ccrtairjcmcnt cue pbtfc enirc Ic Ctlrrk <% Ic /T/w. 



79 



TAB. XL. 



SPHINX VITI S. 
PAINTED IIAWK-MOTII. 



JU&SI/KA ERECTS LltfX 
irrnxtfrr annual jitssikua. 



S« alis integris tbcfcentibu* villi bifida ilriifque albidii: poflkii flrigi nigrj rairginibuf. 

que taxiEuinei*. 




The caterpillar of this beautiful Sphinx was taken upon the flower here reprc- 
lentcd. which grows in ponds ami Wtt places in the month of Augufh It is 
remarkable for ha* inc no horn at the tail, onlva filial] protuberance. One of them 
went into the ground Augutc Hth, and came out the 7th of September. Another 
that went in the 20lh of September did not conic out till the iStfc of July follow- 
ing. Tliofe thai remain all w inter are vert' apt to die in the ehrylalts. Tins is a 
rare Ipccie*, but ttie fly may now and thru l>e frrn fucking the gourd bloflbm* in 
an evening- It is not known to be a native of Virginia* 



TUU may iraly be called a beautiful iiuctl, and come* very neir in thai rclpc/l to SfAaa 
AM. Mr. Abbot had named it ilic Tulip Sphinx, but as that might fcem ambiguous art 
indicating ib food to be the tulip, «v hue thought the name of P,mud Ikwk**nfh might 
convey hi* idea more clearly. 

The food of tin* infect feems to be various. It is laid to eat uV Vine and the Mi^wlid 
gUwj, but the plant on which Mr. Abbot lia* ob&rved it it widely different from both* 



E£ 






80 



TAB. XL, 



SPHINX V IT IS. 

\X SPHINX FEINT- 



JUSSIvKA BftEGTA. /,/,Ytt 

LOXAC&A DKOnt PAUfrlQVl 






S- alU ititc^ri* vircfccniibo* viul bifidl Driilquc albidj^; portion flrigA nigra marginibuf* 

que £in£uincu. 



fpUu vw* J—. 5ur- » *»■ ™* 



r. 4. *?. jfe?* /^ n m. a*. / 1, 



La chcnilk dc ec hi per be Sphinx fill prile fur la llctir ici representee, qui croil au 
inoU d'Aout dam lo ctanipi *■' dam les autrr* licux man'i ;:^* *it\. f;fl<* ell nrmar- 
quabtc par ec quVllc n'a point dc conic A la queue*, mail Jcuurmcnt un petit tube* 
rule. *Tne chenille le nda foua tcrrc It m d'Aoul* ct fe montra It J dc Scp- 
Icnbcc: unc autre qui dlfparut Ic iry dc Srplcfiibrr. nc fori it dr icrre que 1c 18 dc 
Juillct fuivaiit. Ccllc* qui ivc paruitlenl point avant Hiker font fnjetlc* a motirir 
dan* IVtat tie < hrvialioV, Otic* cfpicc ell rare; ccprntlant, de temjw A autre, on pcut 
en voir au loir la motidtc fur \vs tleur* dc gourde* dont die ciprinic \e liic. On nc 
tail iku li elle ell nature] I c en Vitvitiic. 



On pcut <lirc a*cc x£rit^ que cet itiforte crt m>vnitique f ct *pie f rur rapport 1 la bcauit5 t il 
ipprochc braiicoup du Sf&mx Srni. M. Al&ot Tavist appdl£ 1c Sphinx tie U Tulipc, mai»> 
comaic eeUc agnomination potirroit iu\\W*t anibigur, en ecqu'Hk parotiroit iniliijiier U tulJpc 
comme fon aluuent, nou* ayoua penic que Ic nom dc StAinx Mtf poutroil en pn?£"(ttrf plm 
daiirmnit I'iucc* 

II fcttiUc que cet infrcte tie fc nourrit paid'unc plant-.- cxelutiument. Onduqu'il nun^c 
Je» fcuiltci <k la vignc el cclle* dc Migmlu gt*twj t unii la plantc fur la quelle M* Abbot la 
obiervc eft ire* difHrenic dc Vatic cl dc Tautr*\ 




■' 



81 
TAB, XII 

SPHINX GRANTOR. 

MUSCADINE SPHINX. 



VITIS rt'LPtS.L LiXX 

FOX Git APE, MLSCADIXl; Oil RUL1.ACR GltAPF- 



S. *1U inicgm fufci* lutco lincaii* nigro macuhtb: pofiicit difco rubrif, thociec iHnoqW 

macula ckttoklcA atio-ferru^'mea'* 



■ .-!■■ " f.. ■ />■;. mi ..' \- i ■'■ > ■ 



r 4, a;a. 



Frro* on the Mufeadinc or Bullacc grape, ami the wild £rape. When young I he 
caterpillar ha* a horn on it* tail* which is curved forward over it* back like the tail 
of a tUrfr When the lkiu i* thed for the bit time Ihit horn comes off with it, 
leaving only a linall protuberance* ami the eolour of the whole animal change** 'l 
U a rare kind. One of them liked its (tin June 2Mb, went into the ground Jitljr 
Olbj and I he llv came forth (he ;th of May following. 



We hare been much lempted 10 rhingc Cramer** trivial name of th» fpccie% though we 
could not conveniently give one from it* food, almou* every denomination derived from tin- 
Vine being preoccupied ; and indeed thofc whkh, though driFcrcnt, apply ncarfy to the fame 
thing. »» /W/» I*fauft* t and f**mfitwtrix, ought not to be loo much multiplied for fear of 
bewildering the memory* We would therefore luve given a name ddcriptite of the animal's 
appearance, a* ttffilhta* Such are in the power of every body, even of thofc who know the 
intrrt in eahinrta only without being armiaintcd with iu hiliory ; and author* cannot be too 
firongly recommended to give furh the prefcrenee to any random denomination*. If Li unarm 
lias (Vt the example of applying proper name* to infect*, Ix: lia* generally done it with judg- 
ment and meaning, a* Sfki/tx *itt*fr# and /£fonw i and the original name* of Pabnctu* arc 
for llic moft part gircn with admirable tafte and ingenuity ; but wltai bu tlic Grecian phi- 
lofophcr Crautor to do w iili the moth before u< i 






TAR. XU. 
SPHINX GRANTOR. 

LE SPHINX 1)U MUSCAT P'AMERIQl 'E. 



VITIS FULPINA. /./A'.V. 

I.F. MUSCAT IVAMfRlQt'K. 



*. 



S> alU iii'ecrU fulot hiico lincari* rnjjro mieiiliti*: poltieit difco robrif, (horacc utrinqnc 

macula dclioidcd atro-fcrruginra. 



A?, i< io** / A- /**-* 



r. *.*;*-. 



*-•*' 



I/\mmi:st *le write efpccccrt le niifin MulVal dWmcrique. Quand la chenille eft 
jcunc, die a iur I'cxtrfinitc! porteneure du corp* unc cornc ramcncV ct reeourtoce 
fur foil 0<m comtnc b queue d\m cUetl. Quand rile change *Ie peau pour la dcr- 
nicn. 1 foi% crtlc come demcure aUachcc a h drpouitlc; il relic leulcmcrit a la client I tc 
im petit tnbcrvnlr a La place P ct 1'ammal change toialemcut dt* otmlcur. Cell uric 
clpccc rare. Vnc chenille mua Ic 2& dc Jinn, entra en terre le o dc J nil let, ct la 
inouchc pamt an jour le 7 dc Mai fuivant. 



Noui avom Cxi fort tcnie* dc changer tc nom tririal donnf 4 ccuc cf|*ecc par Cramer, 
nuctquc nou* t>r mifUout pa* cotivroabltmml en fubrtiluer un autre tirf dc fon aliment* 
prc£\ue toiifc* k* denomination* analogue* 1 b \igne tenant *Mji a d^ugixr d autre* infcclc*; 
ct en eflrt cello quit quoiquc diflcrcntcs **appiiquent prtlquc i b memc chofc, commc 
J7rii. L*fr*ft* rt fstmfbutrii, nc doivent pi* *trc trop multiplicc*, do pcur d'occafienner dc 
la confufion dan» U me'moirc. Nous auiion* done cboifi un uoro qui cul pcim Tcxicricur 
de L 'animal, par cxcmplc uj?*tL*u. Dc tcU tcrmc* font i b portec dc tout 1c mondc, meme 
dc* perfonne» qui nc coniKHllcnl I'iofeftr que jiour Tavoir TO dam un cabinet, Ian* avoir 
d'ailkur* aucunc. cojinoidaoce dc fon luttoife; ct on ne petit trop reeomnundcr aux auicun 
<fc le* prefcrer a toulc denomination peile an liaCuxK Si Limupu* noua a montrc IcxempJc 
en dormant dc* nom* propre* aux mfcAc*, il Fa fait en ^ucral avee jngemem et intelligence, 
lea nomii luivant SpAm* Atrvpts ct Kfpatvf eti font unc prruic; et Ic* noni* w/^inaux de Fa* 
briciu*fonI pour U pJuj^rt donnc* atceun goutct une nnetleadmirattle; mai* qua dc corn* 
inun avee 1c t>luIotbplie Gnx Crantof le [ttiatfric tpic now* avoiu fou* le* ycux ? 



41 







TAB. XLII. 
SPHINX CONIFERARVM. 

PINE OR CYPRESS HAWK-MOTH. 



PIN US PJLUSTRIS. LIXS. 

LOXG-LEAVRI1 OK IWAMP PIXE-TREl 



/ 



* 



S. all* intrgrii cairn: primoribut lincoli* duabu* poralklrt tcrtiAquc duarkalu nijrrit firici 

dcmiailUA tranlvaia albidl* 



TAK1S feeling on ! he Long -leaved Pine in Augutl, on the 2;tli of which monih 
it went into (Ik ground. Another buried iticlf to late tl the loih of November, 
The moth wa* produced April Hlh. It is not very common, bm inav be found 
occalioi ially throughout the 1u miner filling on lite trunks of pine*. It feeds alto 
on the t'vpreiV, and in found in Virginia. 



Some attention i» rccpuute to diuinguilh thi* moth from tlic European S* Pitxijtri, yet they 
are undoubtedly different ipccic*, bearing that great allinily to each other which many Eu- 
ropean plant* do to American one*. The whitilh ligug llripc acro& tlic fore wing*, not to 
be fcen in $. Pmr/ti, and one of the (mall black lirokc* t landing at a right angle with the 
two others itiftead of bring parallel to than, foe Bnujs Iaf. l\ I. A a*- /- Q, are the chi- 
raelrriilic marl* of our 5- fm/fm/iw, 1101 to mention it* caterpillar being clKcqucrcd and 
dirtcfently coloured from that ol tltc 6\ fmtfri. 



Kl 



TAB. XI-II- 



SPHINX CONIFERARUM 

LE SPHINX DU IMS l>AMKRl«l I!. 



]' I N U S PA L US TRl a\ /, / N tf 
LE FIN VIS MAILAI& 



S« all* integrii ean»: primoribu* luitoli* duabu* parallels* tcrtUqtx tlivaricala nigrii ftrififl 

denttcuhtf tranfycift albidl* 



IVim- vivant fur lePin ;i tongues fcuilles au moitd'Aotit; le 27 tin memo moia die 
fc rctira fou* tcm\ Unc autre ne a'citterra pa* nvant Ic 10 de Novcnibrc. I-r 
plulcnc no-quit Ic 8 d*Avril. II t\cl\ j-a* Ire* commun, main on prut 1c rcneontrer 
par halord dim* Jo cours dc I * !r fur Ira (rone* dc pin* «0 il oinie ik ic rcpoter* II 
vit aufli fur 1c cypres, et on Ic Irouvr en Virgitiic. 



II faut quelque attention pour dirtmgurr oc irfialtac clu $• PimJJri Europcen ; cepcndiftt 
ce font indubitablcnicnt deux ef;>ecc» diilt rentes ajTUit entrYlEc* ceif r eramk? affinit J que iiou* 
rcrnam/Mm entrr phificnn p!antn d'Euror* <t celle» d'Ainlriquc. Li raic blanrlifrrc eii 
iig%3£» irncrLmt lot aik* fupfrieurest qu'on nc trouve pa* dan* Ic >\ Pmtfl/i t rt ]*u» de* pe- 
tit* iroiu noir* qui forme tin angle droit avce Ic* deux autre** au lieu dc leur etrc parallelc, 
(voycale* iff. Jr b™ry w fCl»f.97>/9) font ie* uiarqixv eaj^fUrifiiquc* <k notrc & rw/^rj- 
m*» t ftn> purler dc fa cbcnilic qui ell bigamfc, et ti'tuic coukur diflVrentc do eelle du & 



II 




h /y 



85 



TAR XUU. 



SPHINX FUCIFORMIS. 

HUMBLE-BEE HAWK-MOTH- 



TABERXJEMONTAVA AMSONM. UNX 
ALTEBNATE-hPAVF4> TABERNjKHOXTAXA. 



X LEGITIMA Jilts tmOMJS, ASO BA&RATO. 

S. abdominc bartalo nigro; fafria fkvt&tnic, all* ftiKftrati* nurginc atro-purpunfccntc. 

1rtfr~ faafcnmt ^ *V- AW. KM* 



The caterpillar was taken, on the plant here reprefented, in May, on the 2oth of 
which, month ii tjiun itfelf up on the lurfacc of the ground, and the tlv came out 
Jane ?th. It b not a native of Virginia, ami U very rare in Georgia. This in led 
Hies very iViftly in the day time, fucking honey from flowers and laying it* 



V/cthmk there eante no doubc of thi» being the very fum fpcdaai wcharc in Europe, 
which linoxui cSrfcribetl by llie above namC| and whole caterpillar uid din labs exactly 
agrtdag with thdc from America, arc ftgmed by Roc*cJ, Fit. 4. /. ZA,f. I — ft; nitalfothc 
perfect lly in F*h 3. i< 38* /* % 3, of the tame excellent author, h fectm not fo much at 
home in America, being, according to Mr. Abbot, fo very rare. 






Sti 



TAR XL1H. 



SPHINX FUCIFORMIS. 

LE SPHINX FREI,ON- 



TABEKNiEMOKTANA JMSOXIA LINK 

LA IJANK A CABWT A FSUILLES ALTEHNE&. 



j. LZGITJX&, AUS IXTECRIS, JA'O BJRBATO. 

S* abdoauoc barlxito nigro : f*i:"; u flivcfctutCp it is frncilratU marvific airo-purpura&catr. 



Li chenille fut irouvee, fur la pbntc ici rcprefirntee, au mobile Mai; le2odumemc 
mow rile fc fib unc coque fur b fiirfacc do b Icrrc, ct b moitcfac ft degagea dc ft 
oYpouillo le 7 dc Juin. Ellc ti'dl pa* oripnairc dc Virginie, ct on U rencontre rarc- 
ment vn Georgie- Cot iiifcdc vole avec beaucoup de vi telle, pendant le jour, fucant 
1c mid <ka tleura, ct laiuanl lomber fc* o?uf«- 



Nous penfon* qu'il a'y pa* lieu de douter que <e nc folt c*Melrment U mitae efr^o* que 
ccllc d'Europc* uVcritc par Ltnnrut, fou* 1c nomd-ddTiw mcntionn£, cldoiit Ucbcnilfcauiti 
Urn que la ehrjftliuV, rrflontdint jxuikiument a relic* d'AiocnquCi font itgurfc* par Roctc), 
foA 4. /*34, /. !— 4| ainfi que IV fl I.t mouchc dwi foci £tat dc perfcctlou, JWt 3- '- 38- 
/ 3. 3* do cet excellent totcon W femblc que cet inicvlc n'cll pai ft furcmciil origtoalrc 
d'Antfriquc, puifquc, felon M. Abbot, il y ell ft rare* 



^r 




l*« 



W« 





/ 



■ 






87 



TAB. XLIV, 



SPHINX OCTOMACULATA. 

YELLOW-Sl-OTTED TVGER I1AWK-M0T1L 



VITJS FISIPERA. L1KK 
COMMON VINP. 



4, A&SCtT&, 1UBITU KT LARVA Dirg&SA 

S. alii aiiis: maculu duabu* primorum flam porticanim albU. 



Tn 14 caterpillar feeds on the different kinds of Wild Grapes. On the I 2th of June 
kendofed itfdf in a catc under ground, and the perfect infe&camc out March j 3th 
following. It flics by Any, fomctimes fucking plum bloflbms, but is not very com- 
mon. It may be obferved in the wood*, generally fettling on a Vine, or on the 
Dog -wood: and wlicn dillurbcd will fly very fwiftly round about. finally reluming 
in general to it* original Jituation* It is tikev. ile found in Virginia. 



In habit and kern thisinfec't ccrUiidy agree* with the fimily of LinnaMn Sf&wjrJt to which 
we Luc referred it, which arc */.jt*mr of Fabricati*, and not to thole of which he tus com* 
pofcdrmgcnut Srfii. Hi* generic cliara&cr* of both arc my infomckm for difcrimitutiorj, 
but it fecrm *cry probable that Zj*x<wi ought to be riicenxd dldiatl liom the real genus ol 
Sfkinr, coufukiing tbc£rmeof both* 



88 



'p 



TAB. XUV 



SPHINX OCTOMACULATA. 

Li: SHMNN TIQRE TACHETli DK JAUNE, 



VITIS FIFiFBHA* LIXX* 
LA VIGHK. 



. ADSCIT&* HABI7U KT lARrj DIVERSE 

S. ilii atm: miculi* duabu* priinorum ffavil portiraiuoi albtP, 



Cette chenille fe nourrit de toutct lc± elpcVo* de railin &uv3£c. Le : i dc Juin die 
a'enferma lous tcrrc dans uiw cellule, d'oii clle Jortit. inlcelc parfait, 1c 15 de Mar* 
fuirant. Cclui*ci vole pendant le jour, et pompe nnclquelou 1c ftc de* rtciim du Pru> 
nil -j , :t mis il !S V it pas trCs " »i nmtl i ■. On |>eut le rrmarvpirr dam le-» boia; il it* pole 
nticz ordinaire incut lur la \ ipie on fur lcComouillcT'. cc, auand on I'inquictc* il vole 
avec une graudc viteflc, cii toumoj-antt et flnit en general j>ar revenir a IVndruit 
d ou il ell parti. On 1c trouvc aulli en Virginic. 



Dans lc port cl U Lrw dc cet infefle on rcmarquc ccrulncincfit bcaucoup dc rcfiembtincc 
avee Ii fainiltc Uc**V(-L*ii dc Linnarus 1 laqitcllc nou* l\i voiu rapport**, qui font let Ztrj*A-.cdc 
Fabt kiu*, et non a ecu* doni il a compote ion genre S^i. Lea earafierca g£ iserique* dc Tun 
cl dc Tautre foeii pcu proprc* a lea ditRrractcr; mitt il parolt ptui probable que fyg**J doil 
Hn rcganM comroc diflinlt du rrai genre dc S/imr, fi Von confidcrc let deux chenUk*. 




%4 










89 



TAB, XLV, 



P H A L yK N A CECROP I A. 

GRKAT BROWN BMREROB MOTH. 



I'RUNUS PEXSYM'JKICA £/JOK SVPPL. 212 ? 

WILD AMKRIOAK PLUM. 



L ATT4QI rr.cji.xicQxxi:s 



Ph. Att&au pcftiincomit rlinguts *1« fuWaleAli* grifri* firicu lunulifnoc fblvi*: jtriaioribus 



I 






I*jt4, O-mr^- ^^.JAA 



V\ t>^ ntwm the wiM plum tree; here fipircd, the fruit of which is not cafablcp and 
atfoon the garden plum, red root, &t\ It fpun on the 17th of June, and the moth 
Came out the 30th of March following. 

Tlii* raitfuUlar i* hard to railc in (he houfe, a» it will not feed frcclv in confinc- 
iik-iiI. It f|>iim upon a twig. Tlicoullidc web i* coarfe, the inner covered with tilk 
like a filkwortn"* cocoon: It is Ittid tlii* ulk fas been carded, tj>un, and made into 
llocfcings anJ that it will waili like linen. However the fpecic* is loo rare to he 
of anv utilit v iii Georgia. It i* in>t in Virginia, but common &\ New York, and lias 
been bred in England from lutm* \ ■:■ 1 i;: I ' over in the chrvtali* llatc. The catcrnil- 
Ian were fed on tiic apple-tree. 



Wc cannoJ in thi* in fiance commend flic nomenclature of Ltmkrus aor is it cafr to con- 
jecture- whit connexion lie inugiricd between thit moth, magnificent as it it, and the city of 
Alliens to which iu name implies it lo belong. 

1 A 



!H) 



TAB. XLV. 



P H A L/ENA C E C HOP I A. 

I.i: (Ml \M> KMl-KKKI \\ Kill N 



FRUNU5 PEXSYLrjXICJ. LI XX. SUPFL, *tt! 



1* JTTACt FKCTlXtCQRXES* 



Pll, ^tftf«wrpcAiiiic«ni»diiisuU r all* fubfalcatb grifek Cifcia lunulifyue Aum: primoKbui 

Ottlto »nic ipicem nigro* 






Vit fur le pninrllirr ici rcpre'frnie'* dont Ic fruit n'crt pa* bon a manger, ainfi que 
fur Ic prunicr. la raeine rouge* Ac. Un* chenille fib ft coque le 17 dc Join, d'ou 
H iortit un phalcnc Ic 30 dc Mar* fuivant, 

1] ell difficile dVlcvcr en chambrc eettc chenille, paree quelle nc mange pa* ro- 
lonticr* lorlquclle ell reCenue pritbnnicrc, Kile attache la coquc a une jcune 
branch?. I* iurtacc citencure du tiflu cit grorticrc, main le* pofoij intencures tbtit 
tapiflVes de tote comme le cocon du vcr a foic. On dit qu on c\\ parvenu a cardrr 
crttc foic. a la filer, et a en Aire de* baa qui fc lavoicnt audi bien que du linge. 
Ncanmoin* lelpccc* ell Irop rare en <>eorgic pour qu'il en puillc rcTuller aucun 
avantagc* On nc trouvc point cet infedc en Virginia mais il ell commun a New 
York, et on La elcvc en Angletcrre. <m il avoit &£ apportc' dan* IVlat de chrvlalidc. 
lxs chenilles vecurent de feuilles de pommicr. 



Noui ne pourotn frire ka l*c1ogc dc la nomenclature de Limvcu* ; il if eft jxi* mtme aiJc 
dt conjcelurrr quelle analogic il a enj voir cn*rc cc jiIuIcqc, qucLquc tniftnificnic qu*il foit, et 
Li ville d'Atbairc, i laquclta Ic mot tV^t/At fiippo& qu'il doit fi denomination* 



H 







■ 



' 












!)1 



TAB. XLVl. 



P H ALiENA PRO ME THE A. 

SMALBfiR DAKK-BROWN EMPEROR MOTH. 



UftLKSIA TBTRjIPTERji. LINK 

SNOW pROr TREE. 



Fh. jf tutus pcffinjcoml* c.inguU, alt* ful.f .!catii fateii luauhfque obfoletii ,ifo-dis: murine 
gnfm: jtiimoriN't uccllo ante apicrni nigro, 

Plulxiti Pru&ttfai. Dntfi fy K*. fc 11./ 1,3, w, 1KA '. 11/1,1, fanilai. 
IVxi>^l Pranttbo. fjiV. £tM. «*/ J'.4, 4H. 



This caterpillar feed* upon the Snow-drop fret*, Poplar. Bay, Sauafras, &c It 
fpun May 2ad, and carae out Silt June. One which fpun in autumn came out 
13th of April, The web, of an oblong form, ami having an inner cafe, i* fufpenda! 
to a leaf, ami looks like a dead leaf rolled up. It is not common, 



Tlib if evidently very nearly related to J* &tn/*n and, though fnecincally dulinel, ought 
certainly lo be placed next io It Indeed the male and female fik* of /Vow/Aw arc fo dirTcr- 
ent in colour, and the biiter i* fo like Grmf&x, except in fixe, that it it not eafy to cooUirc 
a definition winch ihatl include both fexc*. And yet diutnguirti ihcm from that ftjtck*. 



02 



TA II. XLVI. 



PHALiENA PRO ME THE A. 

LE PETIT RMPEREL'R BROS PONCfc. 



IIALESIA TRTRAPTRRA LOTK 

LA I'ttftCK-ttKfGE. 



Ph. ^/wniipeAInkomi*fliitgiiu,alt*rubfAlc*ii*i*fi:il lumitifquc obfokiii lUudU : margin 
grifcit: primoribu»ocd.o;urtcip«mmgro. 

Hal***! 1 *™***. £*■»*! I<£ T 3- #- 11./ 1.3, m*i. ik-l fcH./ I,*, frtl fcW. 

&x»b?i r™«&M- /***. £*»♦ m*w. i; 4. 411. 



Cctte cltotulk vit fur b Perec* nci^c. 1c Pcuplicr, 1c lAuricr, lc SaflatVas, &c. Unc 
qui (ita lc 23 <lc Mai turn! lc 21 Juitt. I'nr autre, qui fila en automnc, tic fort it uuc 
lc 15 d'Avri. fuivani. Ui coquc d'unc forme oMonguc. qui en rvnfermc une fecorwir, 
eft fufpendoe a uiw frtiillc. ct TclTcraolc a unc fcuillc inortc roulcc. Ccttc cJJricc 
iVclt pa* commune* 



Ccl infc&c a unc grandc afliniic' irec fc J\ Cnft/ii, cl quotquc fjiecilunicmcnt difltrent, 
il doit rirc ccruincmcnt place pnS dc lui. Lo papillon* miles d fondle* dti Prwmtktj lent 
d'une coulcur fi tufTCrenlc, rt k dcmicr eft fi frmblibSc au Cvrqpu, except pour U taille. 
qu'il n*crt pa* ailc" d'inugincr unc definition qui comienne aux deux lexo, el qui en meme 
temp* lc* diftinguc dc ectle cfpece. 





/ 'y .. 



. 



V3 



TAB, XLVU. 






PHALyENA POLYPHEMUS. 

PEACOCK EMPEROR MOTH. 



QUERCUS LO&ULATji. SOLA SO. MSS. 

MANY Mi: i [) OAK< 



1 li* Attaint pct*iLnteombi aK* ftWti* rrifco-camfi* fjfcia rubnurgituli nigrieantc occlto fc- 
DcJiratoiliro!ugt<K]occtnfko: poflicarum majori. 



(IW^lmiBi, Fjtr,E9*m*tmt*J. K4. 410. 



Feeds upon ili'- different kind* of Oakj . alio on the Apple, Quince, Chin^uapine 
(fVigru pnmiht), &c. It fpun up i£th May, and came out Itfih June* Another 
which Ipun September sth t came out 2d M;n»h following. It attache* it* web to 
the under fide of a leaf, taking care to (pin round the tlalk of the leaf and a part of 
the twig, l>y which mean* (he ehrjfalis is kept from falling off during winter 
Under every red foot on the caterpillar i» foinelime*, but not always a tpeck of 
bright filvcr. '1 lie caterpillar in our figure is fomcwliat Icls than its lull ii/e. This 
kind has been bred in England. The mollis of the Emperor tribe in general are 
called Silkworm* by the people of Georgia. 






Tlic fpecic* of oak here deli neatr*! it unquenioiubly a new one, and may be chiri&eriinl 
fsJtif /afoui pathflvrtrihti uMfJffttto l<J\ttij/rahi»fivth : Ufii tthiltfonf rotiwdjtu, winch are nearly 
the word* of Dr. Solinder. The leaves arc laid to be deciduous Their rough upper fui face 
u remarkable ia lite fpecinxm in Sir Jofcph Bank A herbarium. 



i l! 



94 



TAB. XI-VII- 



1M1 ALiENA POLYPHEMUS. 

L'EMPEREUR PAON. 



QUEKCUS LOtiVLATA. SQLASD. MS& 

LC CHENK A rtUmUKS LOBES. 



I'll. Att*<*i pceunicornb, ali* folraiU Rnfeo-camci* fifdx fubnwgin*!i mgrkantc ocdlo fe* 
iwflralofavonigroquccinfto: pofikarum nujori. 



Vit fur le* ditferente* ofpcce* do chenes. ainfi que fur 1c Poiumier, 1c Coignatlier, 
Ct 1c Chincapin (ffrgvu priniittt), &C. U»c chenille fib 1c IA dc Mai, ct fortU le lO 
Juin. Unc autre qui fib le 3 dc Scptctnbre. no panil que lc u dc Mara dc lannec 
finvantc. Ccltc efpece attache fa coqueau deflbu* d'unc fcuihV, apnl Vat tent ion 
dVntotirrr dc fit* dc liiic le p&ticulc dc b fcnillc ct unc parlie du jet, afin <|uc b 
chrvlalidc ne foit point en danger dc tomltrr durant rhiver. On rcmarque com- 
muniment fur b chenille au delta* dc chaquc tachc rouge, unc autre taclic d ar- 
gent ccbtant. l-i* chenille dan* not re figure ell (ant foil pen an dcuou* dc fa gran- 
deur naturdlc. Ccttc efpece a cHc clcvcc en Anglctcrro. I-e* phatcnes dc b tribu 
a b quelle on donnc le nom d'Kmpcrcur font uppellca vers a foic par le people dc 
Georgia m 

L'cfpfce dc client ki reprffrntcc eft iiidubiublemcnt nouvclle» ct pcul ctrc cariarntfc 
tonrnx ii %mi fil&*fJ>t*t pttffttrtihii J*f&™i* hkttit ft*hrb*fh*J*$ ; kbit hhhfot* rttwJjfu, 
tcU font 1 pen pi** le* tcmia. employ** jar k- Dr. Sobftdcr. On «Iu que In fruillra nc du* 
rem pn touta I'lnnce. 1** afperite* donl leur fur&cc cxttfricurc eft herifloc font rero*rnua- 
bU* d*nft cello que content rhabicr do Chevalier Ritit^ 



M 




iFJ?* _ /j 






^>- 



95 



TAB. XLVIU. 



PHAL^ENA LUNA. 

GREEN SWALLOW-TAILED EMPEROR MOTH. 



L1QUIDAMBAK STYRACIFLUA. LINN. 

LIQUID AMBER. OX SWEET GUM. 



Ph. Alum pcftiRicornU rlingub, ali* cautbtl* pallid* ? irciitibui conrolorfbutt oorllo difd 

looHo. 



iUm. £Jh. Jgl At*, ua J^'i^r.i.ftji/i 

BunbjxLiiM fife J*w.*m/ K*. «H* 



r>**l*tf. r. »-/A, mu, rt h)|. 



TUE food of lhi» fpecica b the Sweet Gum, different kiruU of Walnut* and the Per- 
fitton {Ditffyrot virginiatui). Oik of than fpun iliilf Dp Jill May, came out 18th 
June; another 23d June* came mil I Oth July; and a third which did noi Ipin till 
September G, remained in the chrylab* lill March 3d, h continue* breeding all 
iiniiiiirr tonp. but U not very plentiful. 'Hie (Jy is dilticult to prefcrve from decay 
in boxc* or cabinets Thole that come forth in the fummer arc inotU y of a whitim 
or pale green, but iWh a variety of colour teem* only accidental. 'Htc web of ibis 
i* much thinner than that of the foregoing- The WutUntt lAnta lu* alio liccti bred 
in England. 



;,<> 



TAB. XLVIU. 



PHALjENA LUNA. 
L'EUPERfiUR VKBI> A QCE0B D'HIRONDBUX 



MQUIDAMBAK STYRACIFIMJ. LI NX. 

Ut L1QIMDAMBAK, 



Ph. rft/atni nc/UnkomU cJinjruif* alii caudatii ultidc vtrcntibus concoloribus: occKo dilci 

JumtQ* 



/ A. B. IffnW 
Bonbn l^w. F-*-. E~.r«£ 4 I. 414. 



CtTTE cfpctc fail Ton ailment du Liouidambar, tic diirercntcs efpece* de Jfoix et 
du Plaqueroinicr a large* fcODkl ( J)i«//imif virginitmit)- Une chenille fc fabriqua 
Ic 31 Mai unc coquc <l*oi cllc I on it Ic 18 do Juin: une autre fit la Ijcnnc !c 23 Juin T 
ct parul 1c 10 dc J ut I let: unc troificmc cnlin. qui nc fc mil a filer que Icfl Sept cm* 
bir, rcrta (bus ta forme dc chrjialidc juiqu'au 3 dc Mars fuivant* Quotquccct in- 
frclc nc ecflc ilc (e rcproduirc pendant tout IVlc*, il n eft cependant pas trc* coin- 
tuun. It eft difficile dc conlcrvcr la mouchc bien inta&c <bm lc* boitr* on dans Jcs 
cabinets. Cellcs qui naitTent en <?te font pour la plupart d'un vcrd blanelutre ou 
pdle, mai* cctte varic'te dc couleur lemblc circ purctnent accidentcllc. Lc tilfii de 
ccttc efpece eft bcaueoup pins cpah que celui dc la preetfdentc. Lc Phutann Luna 
a aulfi etc! ckvc en Anglctcrre. 



- 



97 
TAB. XLTX. 

PHALjENA 10, 
corn emperor moth, 



ZEA MAYS. LINN. 

MAIZF, Ott INDIAN CORN". 



Ph. AtUau peflinkornis ali* fla*i»: primoribu* fulmi* ponieii fupra ocello atro pupil)! 

fc linear! ilw* 



IVnlfil* M*£m 



K 4. 419. 



This beautiful kind feeds on the Imliuu Corn or Maixc, a* well a* Dogwood (Crjr* 
nut), SaflaiVas, &c. 1; fpun tip 2;ili Septcmt>er, appeared on the wing the t/ifi 
ot Mav, awl continued coming out at different times till the |j»th i>f Auifurt follow- 
ing. Others that fpun up ?irh July came out 2Atli Auguft. The caterpillar fling* 
toy fevercly, and enelofts it lei f in a brown web on the leaves* It is not verv 
common, and b a remarkably tender fly to keep in cabinet*, the rule looner de- 
caving than any other. When young thefe caterpillars feed manv in a company 
together* 



We believe no author Hi* noticed (hit intVcl before Fabrjdu*, and llut no figure of it hat 
)ct been published, though iberc are fonx near it in Cramer, tab, *j-to and %Cs ; thr circum* 
fUncc of it* having uV (ainc kind of eye- like foot on the under fide of the fore wings, that it 
ha* on il*c upper fide of the hind one*, t* TCff peculiar. It h proj*rly arrayed by Fabri- 
citu next to FkiU*xt Ton, and the name of Uf,t t had it not been preoccupied by another 1; *■- 
dm, would have been an excellent one for thb. 

f 



TAB. XUX. 

P H A L £ N A /a 

I/EMFKRKl'R DBS BLBDS. 



XEA AUf£ LINK 

U Bl.ED UK TUKOUIB OU MAIS. 



Ph. rflUau r*cYinicorni*, alb Atria. primoribiH fiibtm poitki* fupra ocello airo pupt)U 

lincari alW. 



ihia^t*- M-.r-*-—. 



r. 4. ^p- 



Ctrrr fiipcrbc eipccc vit fur le blcddeTurquicou >faI%autTi birti que IcCarrKniil- 
ler (Com***), Ic Saflafras. &c* Plulicurs chenilles filemit leur* coquc* 1c 27 dc Sep* 
(cmbrc, ct parurcnt avee tic* ailc* i diiicrcntc* cpoquc*, depui* le 1 / de Mai jufqn au 
1$ d'Aout tiiivant. D'siuire* qui file ten l le 21 dc Juillet fort i rent tic leur* coquc* 
lc 25 d'Aoul. I-J piqurc de ccUe chenille ell Irta douloureufr; cdle-d *"cnvcloppc 
uansiinctoilc brune quelle ittfttbc i'ur le* icuiHes. Cct inlccic iiYft pa* lre*com- 
mun. el 1a mouchc ell eiircmemcnl lendrc, difficile a cunicrvrr en bon c^at dan* 
lea cabinet*, le mile rlimt lujct a *aUercr plulut tbns celle cJpece que dans tffllte 
Ire. Ces chenille*, dan* leur premier age, vivent en nombrculc fcci&c** 



AM 



Noi» penfotu qu'aucun auteur n'a partf dc ecl InfcAc avant Fabfiuut, d qu'on n*fli a |>omt 
encore public h figure, quoiquM y en ait pluficur* 1 pcu pre* Icmbbblci dan* lc* plane!** 
flag cl 16*8 dc Cramer, 11 dl bicn fingubrr qu on rctrouvc fur IcadciTous daailc* fupcreurc* 
la memc efpece de laebc rn forme d 'oil, qu'on renuiquc fur Ic ddTuj do ait« iafcricurc*. I) 
eft placd avrc raifon par Fabriciu* pre* du VLtUw 71™, ct k nooi drV*r, »'il n'avoU pa* c"te 
conuf ic a denser ui*c autre cfpece, auroil convenu [urfaUrincni a oeHa-d. 



99 
T A B. L. 



PHALiENA PROSERPINA. 

BLACK EM FEU OR MOT II. 



QUEKCUS HUHRA. LINK. 
RED OAK. 



Ph. Aitetm prcfimicorni*, alU rotondati* aigrii: frfrU *Ib4: nuculd fubocciUri nigra. 



■ 

Tin: caterpillar cat* the red oak* and other oak*. One of them in Virginia went 
into the ground ibe ut «>f July, and came out Mth October. I" Georgia thcJann 
fj>ccic* buried ilfctf June ii'Ii. ami the fly did not appear lill December tith, after 
winch oilier individual* kepi coming out from lime to lime lill February loth. 
The male appear* hv clay, and Hie* toy fwiftly, mounting and ileferndinj;. 'Hie 
caterpillar llings very lliarplv: when fmall the whole brood feeds together, but they 
difperfe a* tliey grow* large. 

This Molh in called in America ihc Buck llv, from an erroneous vulvar notion 
that Imekti breed it* caterpillar* in their head*, and blow ihcm oul of llwir noltriU. 
'Hit* opinion originated from the Hy coming om in the rutting Icafnn. while the 
Buck* are purfuiru* llie Doe*. The hunters therefore lake notice of the infect, in 
order to know the proper fcafon for lltcir fport, which is later in flcorgia than in 
Virginia, as is the- appearance of thefe tlio. Tlwv arc mueh the moll plentiful in 
the lad mentioned country. Tlw two caterpillars here delineated are varieties of 
colour 



A* tbe In-?* of many infrcltdo occiliorurilv Luccd in (be lwny catihc* of thenofc in ini- 
mils »nd fonxiiinr* even in ihc human lubjccl, ejufiug dreadful difcafc* there, the vulgar 
notion mentioned by Mr. Al»bot may not akapt be erroneous ; at lea ft fome particular acei* 
dental fael* of tin* kind may have led lo the general opinion. 

If Fabricius lu*l Iwi acquainted with ihc above liiftory of tin* fneric*, how well might 
he lute called it thou! Yet die name he ha* given (infteadof the unmeaning one ol M„jj)xt 
fo appropriate, that none could wirti i( othentife. It reealUthc idra of a fair llon-er which had 

■ »- bj jkmip Di* been puVml/ 

now become a* grilly as the grim monarch of the internal icvion* lumlelf* 

Cranxi prme* to be wrong in taking the figure in Drury for the fcnulc of this fly. Both 

theft figulti rejxrieut the male. The jKiblie arc now tor the tint tiinc pre tented with both 

fen* 

This kind of Red Oak t% difiinguifhtd in Dr. SoUndcr** uikmueript* ai a variety hv the 

lutne of amtignx, Wl was probably thought jkh fuincicntly marked to ddervc a place in the 

Harta Kc*A'enfitt 



100 
TAR, L. 



P H A L ^E N A P It S EH P I N A. 
i/kmpereur noir. 



QUGRCUS RUBRA US Y 

LE CKI.M iiHl'.l. 



PI), sfiUtiM jxxkinlcomtt, alit rotunoam mgrm fafrii albl: macula fubotrllari ni^r*. 

La chenille mange lea fruitier du elicit? rouge, rt Jm mil re* cfpccc*, Kn Virginia 
«nc coin en terre le I dc JuiHcl, d'oii die ibrtil Ic 20 d'Oclobre. En Georgia p!u- 
(icur* de la mcinc elliecc sVnterrercm lr l l dc Jtiin; la premiere mouchc qui ft 
montra pawl Ic tf Deccmbrc, apre* quoi d'autrc* individu* forttrcni de tcrrc dc 
tempi a autre jufquau tC Fcvricr. l-c Mule vole pendant le jour avee bcancoup dc 
rapuliic* montaiit et descendant. 1#* chenille* piqucnt bicn vivcmcnl : quand etlr* 
Ib-ul jcunc*, cllci vivcttL Iratcmcllcmcnt; ituw cllcs Ic dilpcrlcnt 3 tnclun* ou'cltrn 
jin-ntH-nt dc IVvrailcmctii* 

O Hialcnc !»'api>clle en Aineriquc muurltc du Daim. d'apre* line opinion crronec 
du pcuple 4)111 croU que Ic* chenille* de cc papillon *cn£cndrcnt dan* b tele des 
I>aims qui lc* rejrtlcnl par Ic ne/ en ctemuanL CdtC opinion provicnt de ce que 
Mte moiirhc jaroii dans Ic (cmp*du rot, loriijuc lesdaim* mile* Ton I a U pouriuitc 
dc* lemcllc*. CVtf poor ceb que Ic* ctattctir* onl bicn foiu d'oblervcr cct intcele 
qui leur annoncc que pour cux commence b laitbn du pbitir. Kile ril pint tardive 
en Cimrpc ou'en Vir^imr. iiuili ceMnouchca paruiilcnt*clle* pi 11% (ard. Kiln loni en 
bicn plu* f^Rindc abundance dan* le demier de cc* deux pavs. I-c* deux chenille* 
ici figurcc* font dc* varietc* deeoulcur. 

Couunc U arrirc qudqucfou que Ic* lirvrt *!c plulicur* tnfeclcs iVitgcndrciil dam lea 
caritctOHeiifr* do nrxuV* animaux, fin. in extcpttf ntonunr»ou cllcs font dYtrange* mage*, 
Toitiaton lulgairc dorrt Mr. Abbot fait mention pent nVtrc pi* iw/wrt crroncc-; ju inoini 
quelquc* fiit* |nt liruUcf* t\c ecttc cfp*Ve pcuvent aroir donn£ lieu a ]*opititon ci5ntfraJc T 

Si Fabriciut aiott cotUHQ Vhiltoirvdc cclte eljiccc, rapportcc ci-tk(fus <pi*tl auroat bicn cu 
nufon dc Tapj^lkr Dimit Xcanmom* lc nom qifil a fubtiitut (4 la dfnomirutlon Jufi^niii- 
anic dc Mtyi) ell ft hcurculVtncnt appIUm^ tju'd ncft pcrfonnc (|ui putlTc dcfin-r ou'oti Ic 
change. II rappcltc l*kWc lie ccitc Hear d'un ccbt fi briLUut avant d*etrc cocill»c fur fc noir 
Hntotij et qui a niaintcmnt toute b dilformicc tin foenbrr monarquc de« region* in female*. 

CcA A lort que Oincr rc^»nlc b figure <k Dairy coninic ecllc dc la fcnKllc dc cc pipil- 
Ion. Lcuredcux figuie* rcjtrcteutcnt le niAle* AujounThui pour la prnuicrc foi* lei Jcux *>^*- 
ont <tc mil fou* le* ycux du jwblic, 

Crtic efi>ccc dc Qicne Rouge eft dittiugofc ibn* le* manulcriu du Uoclcur Solander 
comtnc unc varicuf, font lc nom d\mhip*t t qu on n'a probablctiKnt p.i? ituc alfca prononeoc 
pour ni^filcr unc place dans lc ihrtm Kr+\mjiu 



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